(a.) In the front or before others, as regards progress or ideas; as, advanced opinions, advanced thinkers.
(a.) Far on in life or time.
(1) This selective review emphasizes advances in neurochemistry which provide a context for current and future research on neurological and psychiatric disorders encountered in clinical practice.
(2) Increased plasmin activity was associated with advancing stage of lactation and older cows after appropriate adjustments were made for the effects of milk yield and SCC.
(3) These results suggest that the pelvic floor is affected by progressive denervation but descent during straining tends to decrease with advancing age.
(4) An association of cyclophosphamide, fluorouracil and methotrexate already employed with success against solid tumours in other sites was used in the treatment of 62 patients with advanced tumours of the head and neck.
(5) When TSLP was pretreated with TF5 in vitro, the most restorative effects on the decreased MLR were found in hyperplastic stage and the effects were becoming less with the advance of tumor developments.
(6) Finally the advanced automation of the equipment allowed weekly the evaluation of catecholamines and the whole range of their known metabolites in 36 urine samples.
(7) Since the advance and return of sperm inside the tubes could facilitate the interaction of sperm with secretions participating in its maturation, the persistent infertility after vasectomy could be related to the contractile alteration that follows the excessive tubal distention.
(8) Over the past decade the use of monoclonal antibodies has greatly advanced our knowledge of the biological properties and heterogeneity that exist within human tumours, and in particular in lung cancer.
(9) The automatic half of both the motor which advances the trepan as well as the second motor which rotates the trepan is triggered by the sudden change in electrical resistance between the trepan and the patient's internal body fluid, at the final stage of penetration.
(10) Under a revised deal most people are now being vetted on time, but charges for the service have had to rise from £12 and free vetting for volunteers, to £28 for a standard disclosure and £33 for an advanced disclosure.
(11) Histological and electron-microscopic study of the lungs of 15 patients who had been treated with bleomycin for advanced squamous cell carcinoma demonstrated marked histological changes in nine.
(12) With better understanding of metabolic and compositional requirements, great advances have been made in the area of total parenteral nutrition.
(13) Meanwhile Ed Miliband, the Labour leader, waiting anxiously for news of the scale of the Labour advance in his first nationwide electoral test, will urge the electorate not to be duped by the promise of a coalition mark 2, predicting sham concessions by the Conservatives .
(14) 16 tube (usually a Baker tube) was inserted by gastrostomy and advanced distally into the colon.
(15) Of his number, 266 patients were in the advance stage of their disease while another 42 still had localized cancers.
(16) N-Acetyl-beta-D-glucosaminidase (GAD) activities did not change significantly duringlate fetal, neonatal or young adult stages but increased significantly with advancing age.
(17) Serial antepartum platelet alloantibody quantitation by an enzyme-linked immunoabsorbent assay revealed rising antibody titers during advancing gestation.
(18) Most of the progressive cases were alcoholic, and some showed progression to advanced pancreatitis within 4 years.
(19) Expansion of the cell sheet following attachment, and the fusion of epiblasts advancing toward each other, does not require the presence of mineralocorticoid.
(20) One hundred and sixteen patients with advanced and metastatic adenocarcinoma of the pancreas were randomized to treatment with combined Streptozotocin and 5-fluorouracil or combined Streptozotocin and cyclophosphamide.
(n.) The quality of state of being proficient; advance in the acquisition of any art, science, or knowledge; progression in knowledge; improvement; adeptness; as, to acquire proficiency in music.
(1) However, at the aprt locus the repair-deficient cells were much more highly mutable (9-15-fold) than the repair-proficient AT3-2 cells.
(2) Mean proficiency scores were 51% for atrial flutter and 35% for ventricular tachycardia.
(3) We hypothesize that preferential removal of lesions from the transcribed strand of the hprt gene accounts for the observed DNA strand specificity of mutations in repair-proficient cells.
(4) On the other hand, excision proficient yeast cells were slightly more sensitive to killing by UV radiation following transformation with a plasmid containing the denV gene.
(5) recD and recB both encode subunits of exonuclease V, but recD mutants, unlike recB, remain proficient in genetic recombination and repair.
(6) Proficiency in this area, along with expert clinical advice, will be needed to advance therapy of patients complicated with fungal infections during the next decade.
(7) SPP1 mutants that are affected in the genes necessary for viral capsid formation (gene 41) or involved in headful cleavage (gene 6) remain proficient in pac site cleavage.
(8) When laboratories were analyzed according to hospital size, the proficiency in performing the proper susceptibility testing was 55% (6 of 11) for hospitals with more than 400 beds versus 3% (2 of 58) for hospitals with fewer than 100 beds (P less than 0.0001 by Fisher's exact test).
(9) When the practitioner has developed proficiency in restoring class II carious lesions with tunnel restorations, less treatment time is required than with traditional class II preparations.
(10) Spearman rbos between the questionnaire responses and relative hand proficiency were .733, .689, and .619.
(11) Early diagnosis of a primary tumor and recognition of recurrence are often facilitated if the examining physician is proficient in identifying skin metastases.
(12) It is shown that revertants are characterized as intermediate strains between recA and rec+ (on the level of recB, recC strains) on their recombination proficiency in crosses with Hfr, sensitivity to UV and gamma-rays and in F-heterogenote formed cultures on their capacity of the formation of recombinants between episome and chromosome and the capacity to chromosome mobilization.
(13) A proficiency study designed to assess interlaboratory precision of amniotic fluid surfactant measurements is presented.
(14) What are the standards of determining the degree of care, skill and proficiency that is required?
(15) For the first time, we report that critral exhibits UV-A (315-400 nm) light enhanced oxygen-dependent toxicity against a series of Escherichia coli strains differing in DNA repair and catalase proficiency.
(16) Maryland's proficiency testing program is modeled on that of New York State but incorporates improvements in diagnostic definitions, testing mechanisms, and retraining requirements.
(17) It is shown that imperfect correlations between proficiency and preference measures, and J-shaped distributions of preference, can be predicted by such a model.
(18) Before the course was developed, pharmacy staff members were asked to rate their drug information skills; the pharmacists' responses indicated their belief that they were not proficient enough in the skills needed in daily practice.
(19) Samples of whole blood from four hematologically normal adults and from two individuals with increased fetal hemoglobin levels were shipped to laboratories participating in the 1976 and 1977 Center for Disease Control (CDC) hemoglobinopathy proficiency testing surveys.
(20) The reliability of these techniques is dependent on proficient specimen procurement and the cytopathologist's expertise and experience.