(n.) The act of amputating; esp. the operation of cutting off a limb or projecting part of the body.
(1) Even so, amputation of fifteen extremities and four other major excisions were required in twelve patients.
(2) The results suggest that RPE cannot be used reliably as a surrogate for direct pulse measurement in exercise training of persons with acute dysvascular amputations.
(3) Diabetic retinopathy (an index of microangiopathy) and absence of peripheral pulses, amputation, or history of myocardial infarction, stroke, or transient ischemic attacks (as evidence of macroangiopathy) caused surprisingly little increase in relative risk for cardiovascular death.
(4) Staplers were used and therefore the choice between resection or amputation was determined by the degree of loco-regional infiltration of the neoplasm.
(5) Between the 3rd and 4th week following amputation, the first fully differentiated striated muscle cells appear, and in the 6th week myogenic differentiation extends throughout the regenerate.
(6) Cooling of the necrotic limb with the application of a tourniquet and general nonoperative treatment were conducted in preparation for amputation.
(7) Twenty-three cases were reviewed with an ultimate amputation rate of 61% (22% primary, 39% delayed).
(8) In the group of 25 patients with critical ischaemia there were three operative deaths and in 10 the graft subsequently occluded, precipitating an amputation.
(9) Of these, twenty-five were selected for hemipelvectomy and thirty-two, for non-amputative procedures.
(10) Blastemas implanted with 2 dorsal root ganglia and simultaneously denervated 14 days after amputation exhibited control levels of cell cycle activity 6 days later, as measured by 3H-thymidine pulse labeling.
(11) Early biopsy of suspicious lesions followed by amputation of the digit in those proving positive is the treatment of choice.
(12) Twenty-three unique causal pathways to diabetic limb amputation were identified.
(13) The synthesis of flagellar proteins after deflagellation is defective only in gametic cells; vegetative cells of these mutants are capable of flagellar protein synthesis after flagellar amputation.
(14) The prognosis after interscapulothoracic amputation depends upon the primary malignant disease.
(15) During a 10-year period 104 patients (mean age 72 years) had 106 through-knee amputations.
(16) The other metastasis was removed by amputation 4 years prior to the nephrectomy.
(17) Acute ischaemia of the lower leg caused by arterial thrombosis often leads to amputation.
(18) The anatomical relationships of the terminal branch of posterior interosseous nerve have been studied in 57 cadaver and amputation specimens.
(19) Patients with all three risk factors should be considered for early amputation.
(20) Two patients are described: one with prosthetization in 1982 with aorta prosthesis because of aortic valvular defect and a female patient with lupus eythematodes disseminata and severe organ disorders resulting from that (cardiac, renal, amputation of the left arm).
(n.) The act of transfixing, or the state of being transfixed, or pierced.
(1) Forty-two out of 69 patients with bleeding duodenal ulcer were treated with partial gastrectomy, the remaining with transfixion and vagotomy and pyloroplasty.
(2) The locking transfixion screws afford additional axial and rotational stability and have expanded the use of intramedullary fixation to include all types of femoral fractures distal to the lesser trochanter and to within 7 cm of the knee joint.
(3) A sublabial incision with septal transfixion and mid-face degloving is described as an approach to the nasal cavity, paranasal sinuses and nasopharynx.
(4) The Ilizarov external fixator can be safely applied if the surgeon is alert to the "danger areas" where the transfixion wires might penetrate a neurovascular structure.
(5) The technique involves suturing the anterior part of the medial crura of the alar cartilages to the posterior part of thecaudal end of the septal cartilage through a transfixion incision using permanent suture material.
(6) It did not cause any significant tissue reaction and obviated the problems of transfixion sutures.
(7) Safe areas for transfixion using fine wires and their corresponding cutaneous zones are indicated.
(8) The Modny transfixion intramedullary nail has been used in 261 cases of complex femoral fractures with excellent results.
(9) After resection of the ankle joint we also resect the tibiofibular syndesmosis putting than in a transfixion screw.
(10) Transfixion screws and biologic ingrowth fixed the fragments rapidly, resulting in no measurable shortening or rotational deformity, and rapidity of healing was enhanced.
(11) The device consisted of two large rings, six compression screws and six small transfixion rings.
(12) We present our experience in 310 operations using the transfixion approach and repositioning of the nasal septum in the midline.
(13) A total of 36 frames were used with 20 unilateral half-frame constructs and 16 bilateral transfixion frames.
(14) The technical tests indicated that changes were needed in the geometry of the devices; these were achieved by designing a junction piece which enables the transfixion pins and the smooth stabilization rod to remain in the same plane, while leaving the rest of the instrumentation unchanged.
(15) In the first two cases, partial rhizotomy perpendicular to the axis of the nerve at the site of arterial transfixion made it possible to separate the artery from the nerve.
(16) Through a transfixion incision, a rhomboidal portion of both the depressor muscle of the nasal septum and the orbicular muscle of the mouth are excised.
(17) It has had excellent results, especially in combination with the transfixion wiring technique.
(18) The transfixion rod has been used in the treatment of supracondylar fractures of the femur to organize comminuted condylar fragments about a stable, intramedullary insertion of the rod.
(19) Complete transfixion of the membranous septum and adequate lowering of the cartilaginous septal angle are adjuncts to success with either method.
(20) Serial cross-sections of the thigh have been used to indicate where osseous transfixion is possible without damaging neuro-vascular structures or major tendons or penetrating a joint.