(n.) The act of anchoring, or the condition of lying at anchor.
(n.) A place suitable for anchoring or where ships anchor; a hold for an anchor.
(n.) The set of anchors belonging to a ship.
(n.) Something which holds like an anchor; a hold; as, the anchorages of the Brooklyn Bridge.
(n.) Something on which one may depend for security; ground of trust.
(n.) A toll for anchoring; anchorage duties.
(n.) Abode of an anchoret.
(1) Despite this alteration in subcellular distribution, the mutant polypeptide retained the ability to induce fibroblast transformation by several parameters, including the ability to display anchorage-independent growth.
(2) Engineering and physiologic aspects of growth and production processes associated with encapsulated cells, mostly of anchorage-independent type, are reviewed.
(3) In order to identify these anchorage structures, the non-DNA materials that remain firmly bound to chromosomal DNA under conditions that disintegrate the high salt-stable architecture of nuclei were investigated.
(4) Histologic studies indicated much superior healing and anchorage of the periprosthetic tissue and the pseudointima in the polyethylene oxide-polylactic acid-coated grafts.
(5) The tumorigenic NRK-PT14 cell line requires exogenous epidermal growth factor (EGF), but has lost the requirement for transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta) for anchorage-independent growth, compared to normal rat kidney (NRK) cells.
(6) The Authors analyze the force system delivered on the molar and on the anchorage unit.
(7) The increased expression of the enzyme (50-100-times endogenous levels) induced not only cell transformation, but also anchorage-independent growth in soft agar and increased tyrosine phosphorylation of a protein of M(r) 130K.
(8) The appliance provides the orthodontist with an extensive range of options in treatment mechanics--from anchorage conservation and rapid movement of limited tipping by light forces to translation or stabilization with precise three-dimensional control.
(9) Using the osseointegration method, a prospective study was conducted involving seven adult patients who were treated with titanium implants used as rigid anchorage units.
(10) The growth of anchorage-dependent animal cells on microcarriers has enabled treatment of these cell lines as quasi-suspension cultures allowing the production of high cell densities.
(11) This interpretation is strongly supported by the observation that the wasp poison mastoparan, which is known to mimic receptor-mediated activation of certain Gi proteins, also promoted anchorage independence.
(12) Since all of the Epstein-Barr virus-transformed B-cells described here grow in suspension, it is unlikely that the presence of thymosin beta 4 is related to anchorage in these cells.
(13) These findings support the recent notion that spectrin in non-erythroid cells is not essential for maintaining the organization and plasma membrane membrane anchorage of the prominent microfilament bundles.
(14) Besides insufficient bonding of the glass coatings to the substrate and apparent biodegradability of the bioglass coatings in the body, insufficient biomechanical knowledge of endosteal direct anchorage of prosthetic devices is the main reason for failure in these experiments.
(15) Type 1 transforming growth factor beta, on the other hand, inhibited both the anchorage-independent and anchorage-dependent growth of MMEC-myc cells.
(16) The indications for treatment have been stable anchorage of an external hearing aid or a facial episthesis, in the latter case to restore the facial contours after congenital disorders or status after trauma or cancer surgery.
(17) Dermal fibroblasts from patients with the autosomal dominant cancer-prone disease Basal Cell Nevus Syndrome (BCNS) exhibit a serum dependence, anchorage dependence and in vitro lifespan (about 20 population doublings or less) similar to those of fibroblasts from normal age-, race- and sex-matched controls.
(18) It is the objective of the investigations to improve the adherance of the bone cement at the interface to achieve a more durable anchorage of bone cement in the tissue.
(19) Anchorage-independent revertants can be selected, suggesting that the lack of a respiratory chain per se might not be responsible for the inability of mitochondrial DNA-depleted cells to grow in soft agar.
(20) anchorage independent growth) but failed to form tumors in athymic nude mice, even after 3 years in culture (80 passages).
(v. t.) To cause to open in slits or chinks; to split; to cause the skin of to crack or become rough.
(v. t.) To strike; to beat.
(v. i.) To crack or open in slits; as, the earth chaps; the hands chap.
(v. i.) To strike; to knock; to rap.
(n.) A cleft, crack, or chink, as in the surface of the earth, or in the skin.
(n.) A division; a breach, as in a party.
(n.) A blow; a rap.
(n.) One of the jaws or the fleshy covering of a jaw; -- commonly in the plural, and used of animals, and colloquially of human beings.
(n.) One of the jaws or cheeks of a vise, etc.
(n.) A buyer; a chapman.
(n.) A man or boy; a youth; a fellow.
(v. i.) To bargain; to buy.
(1) For this, different detergents such as Triton X-100, CHAPS and n-octyl beta-D glucopyranoside were tested at various concentrations, durations and temperatures of incubation.
(2) At detergent concentrations above their critical micelle concentrations, C12E8 was also much more effective than CHAPS, suggesting that micelles are not involved.
(3) That’s plain wrong, has been for decades, and a clever chap like Nelson should know it.
(4) End-on views of G on virus clearly showed triangles consisting of three dots indicating the trimeric nature of native G. End-on views of CHAPS-isolated G showed very similar triangles confirming that, using this detergent, G was solubilized in its native trimeric structure.
(5) Previous investigations (El Mestikawy et al., J Neurochem 51: 1031-1040, 1988) have shown that 5-HT1A binding sites (R[5-HT1A]) solubilized by CHAPS from rat hippocampal membranes can be modulated by guanine nucleotides, as expected from their solubilization together with associated G regulatory proteins (G).
(6) Initially, peripheral polypeptides were removed from apically enriched vesicles by washing with alkaline buffer (pH 10.8) containing 2 mM CHAPS.
(7) The enzymes could be solubilized from the membrane fractions using CHAPS, and the detergent-soluble activity partially restored by addition of phospholipids.
(8) Furthermore, the effects of detergents other than CHAPS on hydrodynamic parameters and on [3H]TCDD binding to the receptor were studied.
(9) Cation exchange chromatography on carboxymethylcellulose-Sephadex with a starting buffer of pH 5 containing 2 mM CHAPS plus 20 mM beta-OG, followed by a pH 8 buffer, showed a very small OD peak at the void volume (P) and a second peak with about 95% of the protein (E).
(10) The binding of CHAPS to the SynChropak Propyl stationary phase and its effects on retention were found to be readily reversible.
(11) Leukotriene C4 (LTC4) synthase was solubilized from the microsomes of guinea-pig lung by the new procedures of a combination of 3-[3-cholamidopropyl)dimethylammonio)-1-propanesulfonate (CHAPS), digitonin and KCl.
(12) These treatments also caused an altered distribution of phosphorylated integrin between the CHAPS soluble and insoluble fractions.
(13) The ryanodine receptor protein of sheep cardiac muscle sarcoplasmic reticulum membranes functions as a ligand-regulated ion channel following solubilization with the zwitterionic detergent CHAPS (3-[(3-cholamidopropyl)-dimethylammonio]-1- propane sulphonate); purification by density gradient centrifugation, reconstitution into proteo-liposomes and incorporation into planar phospholipid bilayers.
(14) The chap who assessed my brother was a physiotherapist,” she said.
(15) The augmentation of tone was endothelium-dependent as it did not occur following functional destruction of the endothelium by perfusion of the vascular bed with the detergent CHAPS (0.3%) for 150s.
(16) Isoelectric focusing in 2% 3-[(3-cholamidopropyl)dimethylammonio]-1-propanesulfonate (CHAPS) without urea gives good results as does 2% Nonidet-P40 with 8 M urea.
(17) Sodium nitroprusside was approximately 200 times less potent than acetylcholine in the presence of the endothelium and was the only vasorelaxant to be active after destruction of the endothelium by perfusion with 0.3% CHAPS; in the absence of the endothelium it was 3.7 times more potent as a vasodilator than in its presence.
(18) Among three detergents tested, CHAPS is the best in preserving hormonal binding affinity and specificity.
(19) In addition, the 44% peak became increasingly resistant to the inhibitory effect of CHAPS.
(20) Optimal yield was obtained by pretreatment of whole M. pneumoniae cells with buffer containing 1% Chaps and subsequent extraction with octylglucosid at a detergent to protein ratio of 5 and at octylglycoside concentrations between 1.5 and 2%.