(n.) The act of anchoring, or the condition of lying at anchor.
(n.) A place suitable for anchoring or where ships anchor; a hold for an anchor.
(n.) The set of anchors belonging to a ship.
(n.) Something which holds like an anchor; a hold; as, the anchorages of the Brooklyn Bridge.
(n.) Something on which one may depend for security; ground of trust.
(n.) A toll for anchoring; anchorage duties.
(n.) Abode of an anchoret.
(1) Despite this alteration in subcellular distribution, the mutant polypeptide retained the ability to induce fibroblast transformation by several parameters, including the ability to display anchorage-independent growth.
(2) Engineering and physiologic aspects of growth and production processes associated with encapsulated cells, mostly of anchorage-independent type, are reviewed.
(3) In order to identify these anchorage structures, the non-DNA materials that remain firmly bound to chromosomal DNA under conditions that disintegrate the high salt-stable architecture of nuclei were investigated.
(4) Histologic studies indicated much superior healing and anchorage of the periprosthetic tissue and the pseudointima in the polyethylene oxide-polylactic acid-coated grafts.
(5) The tumorigenic NRK-PT14 cell line requires exogenous epidermal growth factor (EGF), but has lost the requirement for transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta) for anchorage-independent growth, compared to normal rat kidney (NRK) cells.
(6) The Authors analyze the force system delivered on the molar and on the anchorage unit.
(7) The increased expression of the enzyme (50-100-times endogenous levels) induced not only cell transformation, but also anchorage-independent growth in soft agar and increased tyrosine phosphorylation of a protein of M(r) 130K.
(8) The appliance provides the orthodontist with an extensive range of options in treatment mechanics--from anchorage conservation and rapid movement of limited tipping by light forces to translation or stabilization with precise three-dimensional control.
(9) Using the osseointegration method, a prospective study was conducted involving seven adult patients who were treated with titanium implants used as rigid anchorage units.
(10) The growth of anchorage-dependent animal cells on microcarriers has enabled treatment of these cell lines as quasi-suspension cultures allowing the production of high cell densities.
(11) This interpretation is strongly supported by the observation that the wasp poison mastoparan, which is known to mimic receptor-mediated activation of certain Gi proteins, also promoted anchorage independence.
(12) Since all of the Epstein-Barr virus-transformed B-cells described here grow in suspension, it is unlikely that the presence of thymosin beta 4 is related to anchorage in these cells.
(13) These findings support the recent notion that spectrin in non-erythroid cells is not essential for maintaining the organization and plasma membrane membrane anchorage of the prominent microfilament bundles.
(14) Besides insufficient bonding of the glass coatings to the substrate and apparent biodegradability of the bioglass coatings in the body, insufficient biomechanical knowledge of endosteal direct anchorage of prosthetic devices is the main reason for failure in these experiments.
(15) Type 1 transforming growth factor beta, on the other hand, inhibited both the anchorage-independent and anchorage-dependent growth of MMEC-myc cells.
(16) The indications for treatment have been stable anchorage of an external hearing aid or a facial episthesis, in the latter case to restore the facial contours after congenital disorders or status after trauma or cancer surgery.
(17) Dermal fibroblasts from patients with the autosomal dominant cancer-prone disease Basal Cell Nevus Syndrome (BCNS) exhibit a serum dependence, anchorage dependence and in vitro lifespan (about 20 population doublings or less) similar to those of fibroblasts from normal age-, race- and sex-matched controls.
(18) It is the objective of the investigations to improve the adherance of the bone cement at the interface to achieve a more durable anchorage of bone cement in the tissue.
(19) Anchorage-independent revertants can be selected, suggesting that the lack of a respiratory chain per se might not be responsible for the inability of mitochondrial DNA-depleted cells to grow in soft agar.
(20) anchorage independent growth) but failed to form tumors in athymic nude mice, even after 3 years in culture (80 passages).
(n.) The act of migrating.
(1) In addition to their involvement in thrombosis, activated platelets release growth factors, most notably a platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) which may be the principal mediator of smooth muscle cell migration from the media into the intima and of smooth muscle cell proliferation in the intima as well as of vasoconstriction.
(2) During capillary growth when endothelial cells (EC) undergo extensive proliferation and migration and pericytes are scarce, hyaluronic acid (HA) levels are elevated.
(3) Major forms of the CV-1 factors migrate between 20 and 24 kilodaltons, while the COS factors migrate between 20 and 28 kilodaltons.
(4) Hence the major role of the 14-A arm of carboxybiotin is not to permit a large carboxyl migration but, rather to permit carboxybiotin to traverse the gap which occurs at the interface of three subunits and to insinuate itself between the CoA and keto acid sites.
(5) The rate of accumulation was highest late in infection and only the slower migrating form incorporates significant amounts of glucosamine.
(6) From this proliferating layer, precursor cells migrate outwards to reach the developing neostriatum in a sequential fashion according to two gradients of histogenesis.
(7) Transplanted cells divided in vivo and progressively migrated into the host brain from the site of implantation up to distances of about 1 mm.
(8) These results suggest that bPAG is probably synthesized by trophoblast binucleate cells and stored in granules prior to delivery into the maternal circulation after cell migration.
(9) Our findings: (1) both forms, LC1 and LC3, migrate in the two species with rather similar electrophoretic constants (both in terms of pI and Mr); (2) the LC2 forms of rabbit and humans exhibit the same Mr but quite different pI values, the rabbit forms being more acidic; (3) the chain LC2Sb is resolved into two spots in both rabbit and humans.
(10) The duration of electrophoresis was based on the migration of a marker dye for a predetermined distance.
(11) The dmax migrated rapidly toward the surface with increasing field size at 100-cm SSD.
(12) A decrease in neutrophil oxidative metabolism and iodination was observed, but there was no effect on neutrophil random migration or ADCC.
(13) Locally directed cell migration was observed in a group of cells in 1. which were involved in a process of aggregation, the latter being probably related to precocious formation of organ primordia.
(14) However, the variation in samples, even from among individual animals that had survived challenge, was so great that it precludes the use of the macrophage migration technique as a routine standard assay procedure for immunity.
(15) The isoenzyme mobility diminished in both tumour chromatin extracts, and the slow migrating gamma isoenzyme exhibited sensitivity to L-cysteine inhibition.
(16) The OPL first appears as a thin, discontinuous break in the cytoblast layer that is frequently interrupted by the profiles of migrating neuro- and glioblasts.
(17) On the latter, it migrated as a single polypeptide chain with or without reducing agents and had an apparent mol wt of 62,000.
(18) Fifteen apparently normal patients who had been cured of cryptococcosis were found, as a group, to have impaired responsiveness to skin testing with cryptococcin and mumps, minimal leukocyte migration inhibition when stimulated with cryptococcin or C. neoformans, but normal group responses to cryptococcin in Cryptococcus-induced lymphocyte transformation.
(19) Fc gamma RIII immunoprecipitated from a neutrophil lysate migrated from 40 to 76 Kd, whereas Fc gamma RIII immunoprecipitated from serum from the same donor migrated from 40 to 66 Kd.
(20) A greater degree of inhibition of migration was induced by addition of antigen to mononuclear cells from 18- and 24-hour exudate cells in comparison with 6- and 12-hour exudates.