(adv.) Previously; before in time; at a time preceding; as, antecedently to conversion.
(1) Single-case experimental designs are presented and discussed from several points of view: Historical antecedents, assessment of the dependent variable, internal and external validity and pre-experimental vs experimental single-case designs.
(2) The development of pulmonary edema in high-altitude residents with upper respiratory infections and no antecedent low-altitude journey is consistent with the presence of other factors such as inflammation, which may play a role in the pathogenesis of the edema.
(3) The favorable prognosis is due solely to the fact that women with an IUD have far less negative antecedents and that the EP probably occurred due to impaired ciliary action, reversible when the IUD is removed.
(4) The literature concerning the possible effects of tetracyclines on hemostasis with or without antecedent anticoagulation therapy is reviewed and the speculated mechanisms for such an interaction are discussed.
(5) The results suggest that ventriculomegaly, observed even as early as the first week of life, might be a significant antecedent of later motor abnormalities among the survivors of periventricular-intraventricular hemorrhage.
(6) These non-pregnant patients without any antecedent autoimmune disease were explored for the presence for autoantibodies especially lupus anticoagulant.
(7) The results suggest that patients with shoulder capsulitis should be investigated to exclude diabetes mellitus particularly when there is no history of antecedent trauma.
(8) Each patient had subacute pelvic pain without antecedent trauma.
(9) The following factors of these patients were analyzed: age, sex, civil status, socio-economic level, occupation, family antecedents, personal antecedents, smoking, alcoholism, presence of cardiac murmurs, arrhythmias, and electrocardiogram.
(10) A series of seven experiments related amplitude and latency of the pigeon's startle response, elicited by an intense visual stimulus, to antecedent auditory and visual events in the sensory environment.
(11) During the acute index episode, adult family (household) contacts, compared with control adults, had a greater rate of oropharyngeal EBV excretion and high serum antibody responses, which suggested a recent antecedent reactivation of an old EBV infection.
(12) A randomly selected group of 224 women with breast cancer responded to an anonymous survey that addressed the presence of menopause, antecedent therapies, symptoms related to estrogen deficiency, concerns about osteoporosis or heart disease, attitude about ERT, and perception about ERT-related cancer risk.
(13) An interview was applied to the fathers of the children of the study group in order to determinate hygiene oral habits, eating and familiar antecedents that could influence in the process of the ordinary and rampant caries and to compare between them.
(14) Preoperative factors such as location of lesion, antecedent surgery, and previous radiation therapy were assessed and compared to the patients who underwent "emergency" laryngectomy in an attempt to further define risk factors involved in peristomal recurrence.
(15) The equivalency of results and the lower cost of the radiologic study indicate that the double-contrast barium enema is the technique of choice for the examination of asymptomatic patients or symptomatic individuals without known antecedent disease.
(16) Comparison of the risk of muscle invasion using pathological tumor grade at diagnosis, highest grade at any cystoscopic biopsy before the diagnosis of muscle invasion or highest grade at cystoscopic biopsy immediately antecedent to the cystoscopy at which muscle invasion was diagnosed all showed similar probability of muscle invasion.
(17) We show, analyze and discuss their social and demographic features, antecedents, onset and course, acquiring behaviours and its consequences, diagnosis, gnosographic features, results of the psychodiagnostic tests, evolutive relationships with the psychiatric diagnosis and treatment undergone.
(18) Fetal abuse may be one antecedent of child abuse, and this paper attempts to transpose the known correlates of child abuse into an antenatal time framework.
(19) In both sexes, at all ages, all-cause, cardiovascular, and coronary mortality rates increased progressively in relation to antecedent heart rates determined biennially.
(20) No inhibition was detected for activated plasma thromboplastin antecedent (factor XIa), plasma kallikrein, or C1 esterase.
(adv.) Beforehand; antecedently; as, a plan previously formed.
(1) Previous use of the drug is found in more than 50 per cent of the patients, and it was often followed by a neglected side-effect.
(2) A series of human cDNA clones of various sizes and relative localizations to the mRNA molecule were isolated by using the human p53-H14 (2.35-kilobase) cDNA probe which we previously cloned.
(3) Since fingernail creatinine (Ncr) reflects serum creatinine (Scr) at the time of nail formation, it has been suggested that Ncr level might represent that of Scr around 4 months previously.
(4) The authors have presented in two previous articles the graphic solutions resembling Tscherning ellipses, for spherical as well as for aspherical ophthalmic lenses free of astigmatism or power error.
(5) Seventeen patients (Group 1) had had no previous surgery, while 13 (Group 2) had had multiple previous operations.
(6) Clinical and roentgenographic criteria could not discriminate between patients with and without pneumonia, confirming the findings of previous investigations.
(7) Previous attempts to purify this enzyme from the liquid endosperm of kernels of Zea mays (sweet corn) were not entirely successful owing to the lability of partially purified preparations during column chromatography.
(8) The taxonomic relationship of strains H4-14 and 25a with previously described Xanthobacter strains was studied by numerical classification.
(9) Using monoclonal antibodies directed against the plasma membrane of Madin-Darby canine kidney (MDCK) cells, we demonstrated previously that a glycoprotein with an Mr = 23,000 (gp23) had a non-polarized cell surface distribution and was observed on both the apical and basolateral membranes (Ojakian, G. K., Romain, R. E., and Herz, R. E. (1987) Am.
(10) Because cystine in medium was converted rapidly to cysteine and cysteinyl-NAC in the presence of NAC and given that cysteine has a higher affinity for uptake by EC than cystine, we conclude that the enhanced uptake of radioactivity was in the form of cysteine and at least part of the stimulatory effect of NAC on EC glutathione was due to a formation of cysteine by a mixed disulfide reaction of NAC with cystine similar to that previously reported for Chinese hamster ovarian cells (R. D. Issels et al.
(11) We have previously shown that serotonin is present in secretory granules of frog adrenochromaffin cells; concurrently, we have demonstrated that serotonin is a potent stimulator of corticosterone and aldosterone secretion by adrenocortical cells.
(12) As the percentage of rabbit feed is very small compared to the bulk of animal feeds, there is a fair chance that rabbit feed will be contaminated with constituents (additives) of batches previously prepared for other animals.
(13) In contrast to previous reports, these tumours were more malignant than osteosarcomas and showed a five-year survival rate of only 4-2 per cent.
(14) The data from this experience as well as others previously reported can yield prognostic indicators of survival in cases of accidental hypothermia.
(15) The previous year, he claimed £1,415 for two new sofas, made two separate claims of £230 and £108 for new bed linen, charged £86 for a new kettle and kitchen utensils and made two separate claims, of £65 and £186, for replacement glasses and crockery.
(16) Some S-100 reactive cells previously interpreted as tumour cells were refound in a few tumours.
(17) The results of our microscopic model confirm that the continuum hypothesis used in our previous macroscopic model is reasonable.
(18) Male sex, age under 19 or over 45, few social supports, and a history of previous suicide attempts are all factors associated with increased suicide rates.
(19) We present these cases and review the previously reported cases.
(20) These data indicate that RNA faithfully transfers "suppressive" as well as "positive" types of immune responses that have been reported previously for lymphocytes obtained directly from tumour-bearing and tumour-immune animals.