What's the difference between antimalarial and malaria?
(a.) Good against malaria.
(1) The antimalarial drugs can clear up skin lesions in patients with polymorphous light eruption and solar urticaria who cannot obtain relief with topical sunscreens and in some patients with porphyria cutanea tarda.
(2) The activity of two standard antimalarials, chloroquine and pyrimethamine, has been examined in vitro.
(3) The protein-drug conjugates were tested for their antimalarial activity in mice inoculated with Plasmodium berghei.
(4) Seven analogues of monoterpenic fragment of aplasmomycin were synthesized as targeted antimalarial agents.
(5) Based on the antimalarial activity in mice of bis(4-rho-acetamidobenzenesulfonamidophenyl) disulfide, a series of N-heterocyclic alkyl disulfides and thiosulfates was synthesized and screened for antimalarial activity.
(6) The resistance of Plasmodium falciparum, the cause of tertian malaria, to synthetic antimalarials, together with the resistance of the vector mosquitoes to insecticides, has resulted in a resurgence in the use of quinine and a search for new antimalarial agents.
(7) The sulfinyl- and sulfonylquinazolines also retained antimalarial effects against chloroquine-, cycloguanil-, and DDS-resistant lines of P. berghei in mice and against chloroquine- and pyrimethamine-resistant strains of P. falciparum in owl monkeys.
(8) In addition, a number of antiparasitic agents have been shown to exert their actions through a free radical metabolism: nitro compounds used against trypanosomatids, anaerobic protozoa and helminths; crystal violet used in blood banks to prevent blood transmission of Chagas' disease; the antimalarial primaquine, chloroquinine, and quinhasou; and quinones active in vitro and in vivo against different parasites.
(9) A luminol-dependent chemiluminescence (CL) method was used to measure the oxidative burst of phagocytes triggered by antimalarial antibodies and Plasmodium falciparum merozoites.
(10) Sometimes the level of treatment was inappropriate, i.e., 70% of the children received appropriate cough mixtures and antimalarials for coughs, but over 50% received inadequate doses of procaine penicillin for their age.
(11) Drugs that have been associated with the precipitation or exacerbation of psoriasis include lithium, beta adrenergic receptor blocking agents, and antimalarials.
(12) Very low levels of protection were detected, regarding both compulsory and optional vaccines as well as antimalarial protection.
(13) The confluent plaquelike erythematous eruption of the face with eyelid lichenification that flared outdoors was thought to represent polymorphic light eruption and was refractory to antibiotics, corticosteroids (topical and systemic), and antimalarials.
(14) The activities of the quassinoids against KB did not parallel the known activities of the quassinoids against Plasmodium falciparum suggesting that the quassinoid mode of antimalarial action is not a simple cytotoxic effect and lends support to further investigation of the structure activity relationships within this group of compounds.
(15) Whether inhibition of DNA gyrase contributes to the antimalarial activity of the fluoroquinolones is unknown at present.
(16) The trial involved 54 patients with moderate disease activity who had not previously received antimalarial drugs.
(17) The quinoline-containing antimalarial drugs chloroquine, quinine and mefloquine exert an irreversible inhibitory effect on erythrocytic stages of Plasmodium falciparum grown in culture.
(18) Treatment with antimalarials and folic acid is usually followed by a rapid remission, but response is slow in about 25% of patients and haemolysis continues uncontrolled in about 5%.
(19) Individualized therapy with corticosteroids, immunosuppressives, or antimalarial agents and careful monitoring of disease activity are essential.
(20) IgA and IgG antibody titres against H pylori and total IgA and IgG levels were lower in the patients treated with gold than in the group treated with antimalarial drugs.
(n.) Air infected with some noxious substance capable of engendering disease; esp., an unhealthy exhalation from certain soils, as marshy or wet lands, producing fevers; miasma.
(n.) A morbid condition produced by exhalations from decaying vegetable matter in contact with moisture, giving rise to fever and ague and many other symptoms characterized by their tendency to recur at definite and usually uniform intervals.
(1) The rise of malaria despite of control measures involves several factors: the house spraying is no more accepted by a large percentage of house holders and the alternative larviciding has only a limited efficacy; the houses of American Indians have no walls to be sprayed; there is a continuous introduction of parasites by migrants.
(2) Eighty-two per cent of patients with falciparum malaria had recently returned from Africa whereas 82% with vivax malaria had visited Asia.
(3) 236 patients with malaria were examined and treated.
(4) But both for malaria and Aids we’re seeing the tools that will let us do 95-100% reduction.
(5) In assessing damaged nets and curtains it must be recognised that anything less than the best vector control may have no appreciable impact on holoendemic malaria.
(6) Since then the intensive development of anti-malaria campaigns in urban areas over about ten years led temporarily to a considerable decrease in the level of endemicity, while in rural areas it remained unchanged.
(7) On land, the pits' stagnant pools of water become breeding grounds for dengue fever and malaria.
(8) immunoglobulin, purified from the plasma of local semi-immune blood donors, as an adjunct to standard treatment for cerebral malaria in Malawian children.
(9) Treatment with chloroquine and primaquine, together with packed red cell transfusions, was successful in eliminating both the malaria parasites and the leukaemoid blood picture.
(10) These C+ and R+ adherence properties of PE appear to mediate much of the pathogenesis of severe malaria infections, in part by blocking blood flow in microvessels.
(11) There was less of an increase following a blood meal infected with the rodent malaria parasite, Plasmodium berghei.
(12) Clindamycin, a semi-synthetic antibiotic of the lincomycin family, at a dose of 450 mg eight-hourly for three days in adults cured five out of 10 patients moderately ill with chloroquine-resistant falciparum malaria.
(13) This test by virtue of its high sensitivity and the facilities in processing a large number of specimens, can prove to be useful in endemic areas for the recognition of asymptomatic malaria and screening of blood donors.
(14) A small clinic consisting of 1 room decorated with pamphlets against AIDS, malaria, and other diseases was managed by the chief primary health care (PHC) assistant named Joseph.
(15) Prospects for involvement in malaria control are numerous, however there is need to enhance the existing BHW Program.
(16) This latter event might be one of the factors which results in a correlation of Burkitt's lymphoma with malaria endemic regions.
(17) Hemoglobin S (Hb S) was significantly more prevalent in adults resistant to malaria.
(18) The proportion of persons with P. malariae in this sample population, as determined by slide examination, appears to be the greatest ever reported for any area before the introduction of control measures.
(19) Other causes are malaria (21), undernutrition (12), meningitidis (10), diarrhea (9), pneumopathy (7), endogenous and obstetrical causes (24).
(20) An indirect fluorescent antibody test for glutaraldehyde-fixed, ring-infected erythrocyte surface antigen was performed on admission sera from 45 patients with complicated cerebral Plasmodium falciparum malaria, 33 with uncomplicated cerebral malaria, 91 non-cerebral malaria patients, and 53 blood donors from a non-malarious area.