(adv.) In an arbitrary manner; by will only; despotically; absolutely.
(1) Treatment was divided into two categories named arbitrarily "no therapy" (general supportive measures) or "therapy" (causal treatment based on active drugs or measures aimed at affecting the cause of the disease).
(2) In order to verify whether or not all the POMC neurons are equally affected by sex steroids, we arbitrarily divided the arcuate nucleus rostro-caudally into four equal portions and used an in situ hybridization technique to evaluate POMC gene expression in these different regions of the arcuate nucleus in the female rat.
(3) The data indicate that considerable error can result from arbitrarily applying to exercising or resting subjects a correction factor which does not fit the conditions of the data to be corrected.
(4) Our findings indicate that response to continuous exposure to 100 per cent oxygen can be divided arbitrarily during the first 7 days into three different phases.
(5) Two weeks ago, the production quotas for all colony brigades was arbitrarily increased by 50 units.
(6) After formation of a cell lawn and addition of cytostatics of the arbitrarily selected medicaments vinblastin, bleomycin, cis-DDP, actinomycin D the reaction of the cells on the drugs was judged light-microscopically and electrophysiologically by measuring the transmembrane potential 24 hours after the application of medicaments.
(7) The intralaboratory reproducibility of the disk test was also good, with 91% of the replicate tests (n = 234) agreeing with each other within an arbitrarily chosen value of 4 mm.
(8) Islet size was arbitrarily defined as large (greater than 0.45 mm) or small (smaller than 0.12 mm).
(9) Patients were arbitrarily divided into three groups: acute (group I), intermediate (group II), and chronic (group III) based on the interval between the first EVS and death.
(10) Patients were arbitrarily defined as having active (58%) or healed (42%) endocarditis.
(11) Transient aphasics were arbitrarily defined as cases who had presented with more or less evident aphasic syndrome in the acute stage, but almost completely recovered in the chronic stage.
(12) These preliminary results demonstrate that, in a metabolic ward setting, it is possible to maintain the spontaneous food intake of obese individuals at levels sufficient to preserve body weight and arbitrarily to decrease those levels of intake by 25% or more through covert changes in the caloric density of the diet.
(13) The enzyme is arbitrarily designated as cycloinulo-oligosaccharide fructanotransferase.
(14) Symmetry-related molecules are located in the electron density map calculated in space group P1, with the phases derived from a model that is correctly oriented but arbitrarily positioned in the unit cell.
(15) Secretory cells were arbitrarily categorized as light, medium or dark based on their granule content.
(16) Twenty severe trauma patients, age 19-70 years, presenting with an initial APACHE II score of greater than or equal to 10 were arbitrarily divided into two groups to define severity of injury: Group A, initial APACHE II of 10-18 (n = 11) and Group B, initial APACHE II of 19-25 (n = 9).
(17) The ability to use these various frames of reference interchangeably allows the designer of treatment design software to present appropriate task-specific user interfaces for arbitrarily complex tasks, and thus reduce the cognitive burden on users of the software.
(18) In order to compare the areas determined by the two methods, area-distance functions from the pharynx to the trachea were arbitrarily divided into 9 divisions at interval of 2.8 cm.
(19) Infarcted dogs were arbitrarily divided into 3 groups by percentage of necrotic area: Group 1 (less than or equal to 15%, N = 5), Group 2 (15 to 30%, N = 10) and Group 3 (greater than or equal to 30%, N = 7).
(20) These groups have been provisionally numbered from 1 to 8 in an arbitrarily chosen order.
(adv.) In a random manner.
(1) Multiple stored energy levels were randomly tested and the percent successful defibrillation was plotted against the stored energy, and the raw data were fit by logistic regression.
(2) Twenty-seven patients were randomized to receive either 50 mg stanozolol or placebo intramuscularly 24 h before operation, followed by a 6 week course of either 5 mg stanozolol or placebo orally, twice daily.
(3) The effects of sessions, individual characteristics, group behavior, sedative medications, and pharmacological anticipation, on simple visual and auditory reaction time were evaluated with a randomized block design.
(4) We have addressed the effect of late intensification with autologous bone marrow transplantation on SCLC through a randomized clinical trial.
(5) However, survival was closely related to the severity of the illness at the time of randomization and was not altered by shunting.
(6) Statistically significant differences were found mainly in the randomized trial, where during the first and second years, respectively, adenoidectomy subjects had 47% and 37% less time with otitis media than control subjects and 28% and 35% fewer suppurative (acute) episodes than control subjects.
(7) In a random sample of 1,000 neonates from a Delhi Hospital the incidence of jaundice was 53% and of hyperbilirubinaemia (HB) 6%.
(8) Febrile reactions were not distributed randomly among the patients; those with respiratory tract infection experienced more febrile reactions during periods with infection than during periods without.
(9) Five days later, the animals were randomly assigned to one of four treatment groups: Group 1 received intracranial implantation of controlled-release polymers containing dexamethasone; Group 2 received intraperitoneal implantation of controlled-release polymers containing dexamethasone; Group 3 received serial intraperitoneal injections of dexamethasone; and Group 4 received sham treatment.
(10) In a randomized double-blind study, 40 patients with coronary heart disease received intravenously either 0.025 mg nitroglycerin or placebo.
(11) A prospective randomized trial was conducted at Srinagarind and Khon Kaen hospitals.
(12) Quantitative measurements of image contrast were carried out for B-mode images of anechoic spheres (cysts) embedded in a random scattering medium.
(13) The distribution of the amino acid pairs, i, i + 1 in alpha-helical configurations does not differ from the random pairing.
(14) The authors studied 84 randomly selected participants who live in retirement communities to discover factors leading to successful completion of a wellness enhancing program.
(15) In 290 patients with untreated carcinoma of the bladder the deoxyribonucleic acid properties, as measured by flow cytometry, of 3 random mucosal biopsies were studied and compared to those of the exophytic tumors.
(16) A prospective randomized trial involving 64 patients with bleeding peptic ulcers was performed to assess the efficacy of two modalities of injection therapy.
(17) The relationship between technique of obtaining Papanicolaou smears, presence of endocervical cells, and rate of cervical neoplasia was studied by comparing an endocervical and ectocervical nylon brush (Bayne brush), Ayre spatula plus endocervical brush, and spatula plus cotton-tipped swab in a randomized, prospective trial involving 11,061 patients.
(18) One hundred and sixteen patients with advanced and metastatic adenocarcinoma of the pancreas were randomized to treatment with combined Streptozotocin and 5-fluorouracil or combined Streptozotocin and cyclophosphamide.
(19) The government has blamed a clumsily worded press release for the furore, denying there would be random checks of the public.
(20) The haemodynamics and affecting factors of the acute random skin flap and the methods for monitoring its viability were studied.