(a.) Not well advanced in learning; not quick of apprehension; dull; inapt; as, a backward child.
(a.) Late or behindhand; as, a backward season.
(a.) Not advanced in civilization; undeveloped; as, the country or region is in a backward state.
(a.) Already past or gone; bygone.
(n.) The state behind or past.
(v. i.) To keep back; to hinder.
(1) This movement generates forward and backward shearing force in the stagnation region as the separated flow migrates back and forth.
(2) The estimated forward (k) and backward (1) rate constants are: 2.45 x I05 M-1 s- and 0.23 x 103 s-1, respectively, for k and I for the case when the drug is trapped by both activation and inactivation gates, and 3.58 x 105 M-l s-l and 4.15 x 10-3 S-l for the case when the drug is not trapped.
(3) On physical examination the patients complained of pain on both passive flexion and internal rotation of the hip, and when the thigh was pushed backwards at 90 degrees of flexion.
(4) The effects of maxillary protracting bow appliance were the maxillary forward movement associated with counter-clockwise rotation of the nasal floor and the mandibular backward movement associated with clockwise rotation.
(5) Treadmill acceleration impulses were backwards or forwards directed, or their direction was inverted after 30 ms. Backwards directed impulses were followed by gastrocnemius and forwards directed ones by tibialis anterior EMG responses (latency 65-75 ms) whose duration depended on impulse duration.
(6) For all my enthusiasm, my family must have felt we were taking a step backwards in lifestyle.
(7) The response was composed of an isometric phase, during which the body weight was shifted from the stimulated limb to the opposite forelimb while the stimulated limb was gently pushed backwards, and a movement phase during which the stimulated paw actually accomplished the placing reaction.
(9) Older subjects were found to be significantly more susceptible to the backward masking effect over longer delays between the target and masking stimuli.
(10) Those with unstable Dunlop test responses were much more likely to be backward or low normal readers than children with stable responses.
(11) The effects of interval duration as well as of repeated presentation of paired stimuli on backward connections show that these factors are of considerable importance for their formation.
(12) They need not tilt the head backwards during inhalation or hold their breath afterwards.
(13) Unsurprisingly, one of the three lonely references at the end of O'Reilly's essay is to a 2012 speech entitled " Regulation: Looking Backward, Looking Forward" by Cass Sunstein , the prominent American legal scholar who is the chief theorist of the nudging state.
(14) Results for the backward-counting condition duplicate, for the retention intervals used, the shape of the classic Peterson and Peterson forgetting curve but indicate little loss of memory in either the rehearsal or alpha conditions.
(15) But we won't be taking a backwards step, not this week, not this year, or next year or ever."
(16) Twenty-four male graduate volunteers were administered a battery of psychological tests--critical flicker fusion (CFF; alternate and simultaneous), reaction time (simple and choice), memory (forward and backward), and associative recall--to ascertain their performance capability during the different times of day.
(17) We implemented a parallel version of the backward error propagation neural network training algorithm in the widely portable parallel programming language C-Linda.
(18) The target patterns varied in the number of line segments that they contained and were presented in the presence or absence of a backward-masking stimulus.
(19) We self-censure because it would put us all back, it would diminish who we are.” Of course she’s a feminist: “That just means believing that women can do everything men can but backwards in heels with a cherry on top.
(20) Facebook Twitter Pinterest Britain needs to talk about the R-word: racism It is also a wakeup call to those who recognise racism only when it is played out like a scene from Django Unchained , those who think that racism has to be some vulgar incident perpetrated only by the backward, ignorant and poorly educated, those who believe that racism has to be an act, rather than a complicated and intangible framework that sets up obstacles.
(n.) The van; the front.
(1) The dissection is simple, speedy and straight foreward.
(2) The tangent to the columella is tilted considerably forewards and upwards.
(3) A foreward bending deviation of the head was termed flexion, and a backward bending deviation of the head was termed extension.
(4) Traditional boots show high pressure values over the instep at foreward leans of 35 degrees and a rise of pressure underneath the forefoot while fixing the buckles, whereas minimal pressure over the instep, no compression of the forefoot and a pressure maximum near the upper end of the shaft are observed in rear entry boots.
(5) In 50% of the examined cases there was a combination of polyps, asthma and atopy putting foreward a common line of pathogenesis in this entity.
(6) A hypothesis is forewarded which tries to find a link between parenchymatous and vascular reactions to hypoxia and which offers an explanation for the spread of hypoxic damage to neighboring normoxic cells.
(7) Foreward-staining of the presynaptic oculomotor nerve did not stain the neurons, but instead resulted in a 'halo' of fluorescence around the cell bodies, corresponding to the large presynaptic calyxes.
(8) Using hemodynamic monitoring during acute myocardial infarction different phases of cardiac failure can be discerned, e.g., backward failure with increased filling pressure, foreward failure with decreased cardiac output, and cardiogenic shock with the combination of both.
(9) Pharmacokinetic methods are a powerful tool for the investigation of the insulin system in health and disease; the underlying formalisms are simple and straight-foreward.
(10) It is asserted that only by implementing evaluations will the field move foreward.
(11) As 50% of all radically operated patients developed metastases within three years after surgery, the call by radio-oncologists for supplementary radiotherapy beginning with stage III disease must be put foreward.
(12) Frequently, it is secondary to a rupture of pancreatic ductus or pseudocyst and foreward communication to peritoneal space.
(13) Exercise produced a rise in pulmonary wedge pressure, which could be explained partly by a simultaneous deterioration of the left ventricular function, as indicated by high end-diastolic pressures, and partly by a degree of obstruction to the foreward flow at the mitral valve itself.
(14) Our experiences up to now with relation to the technique of implantation and the check ups after one till two years of functional weight-bearing are looking foreward to a time which confidences in the results with regard to the regeneration of bone and the cramp-stability.
(15) It came to the conclusion that at the moment of accident, the force acting on a flexed spine violebtely bends it further, causing fracture of the anterior column with or without compression, and tension splitting or horizontal fracture of the posterior column; at the same time, if the mid-column in between, the fulcrum, is also injured and shifted foreward, a Chance fracture is then well produced.
(16) Based on clinical experience as well as on the basis of data published by the author dealing with animal experiments and clinical research studies the hypothesis of the "permissive role" of insulin with respect to the stimulatory effect of exercise on muscle glucose metabolism is put foreward and discussed.
(17) The digits were exposed either with or without a left to right spatial display arrangement, and had to be recalled forewards as well as backwards.
(18) A typical eversion trauma resulting in the inner malleolus being torn off, but not involving a rotation motion, occurs in the second phase of an acute angle foreward fall, in which in the first phase, the Achilles tendon has already been ruptured.
(19) The sequence of myelination in the cervical and thoracic segments was from before backwards, whereas in the lumbosacral segments it was from behind forewards.
(20) Possible reasons for degeneration of taste buds after vincristine injections were put forewards.