(v. t.) To injure, as by a blow or collision, without laceration; to contuse; as, to bruise one's finger with a hammer; to bruise the bark of a tree with a stone; to bruise an apple by letting it fall.
(v. t.) To break; as in a mortar; to bray, as minerals, roots, etc.; to crush.
(v. i.) To fight with the fists; to box.
(n.) An injury to the flesh of animals, or to plants, fruit, etc., with a blunt or heavy instrument, or by collision with some other body; a contusion; as, a bruise on the head; bruises on fruit.
(1) Most injuries due to accidents have been bruises, wounds and bone fractures of upper and lower limbs.
(2) Grosics did his best between the posts, but the team succumbed to Wales in a bruising play-off, thus failing to advance beyond the first stage.
(3) Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (EDS) type IV is a clinically and genetically heterogeneous disorder characterized by thin skin, prominent venous vascular markings, markedly increased bruising, and an increased likelihood of large bowel and large artery rupture.
(4) Television images of his body showed heavy bruising to his face.
(5) A comparison was made of the effect of providing or denying water to steers during the last 20 h before slaughter on carcase weight, bruising, muscle pH, and during the dressing process on the numbers of rumens from which ingesta was split and the number of heads and tongues condemned because of contamination with ingesta.
(6) The acquired platelet function defects, especially those resulting from drugs, are very common and should promptly be suspected in patients developing easy and spontaneous bruising, mild to moderate mucosal membrane hemorrhage, or unexplained bleeding associated with trauma or surgery.
(7) When she returned she had a large bruise on her forehead.
(8) Lowest content of ascorbic acid occurred in bruised beans cooked in copper-fortified water.
(9) The decision by Moody's deals a bruising blow to the embattled chancellor, George Osborne, who has repeatedly nailed his credibility to the AAA rating.
(10) Iran’s supreme leader has accused Saudi Arabia of committing genocide in Yemen and said air strikes against Houthi rebels are doomed to fail, in a sharp escalation of tensions between the two rivals over the outcome of yet another bruising conflict in the Middle East.
(11) When we were treating him, he was not screaming or crying, just in shock.” There was so much there in his face, the blood and the dust mixed, at that age Mustafa al-Sarout Hours after he and his family were rescued, Omran was discharged from hospital, having suffered a head injury and bruises in the attack, but nothing too serious.
(12) Sir David Nicholson's bruising tenure as chief executive of the NHS saw him take a further battering from MPs as the public accounts committee criticised him over big pay rises for consultants and a range of other issues, including his penchant for first class rail travel.
(13) Bruising was the most frequent injury and was most prevalent among boys under 3 years of age.
(14) 4) In case of the death caused by the bruise sustained on the occipital region, casualties on gyrus frontale were recognized by 97%, while the bruise located on other than the occipital region, injuries were recognized by 51% on the opposite region, and the remaining 49% of it showed injuries on the same region of the sustained.
(15) He required hospital treatment for a potentially life-changing eye injury, a fractured cheekbone and substantial bruising to his body.
(16) Jen Dunstan, of Sheffield Disabled People Against the Cuts, told the Star: “Dozens of elderly and disabled people have been left with bruising.
(17) After months of bruising negotiation and a threatened legal challenge from the EC, a compromise was negotiated in 2005 under which the Premier League promised to sell the rights to at least two broadcasters.
(18) Monti has faced a bruising time as prime minister: battling with unions at home to reform the labour laws, and tussling with Angela Merkel on the euro summit circus.
(19) It's a harsh tale of contemporary Russia, as beautiful as a bruise.
(20) The case of Bo Xilai , the former Communist party high-flyer brought down after the mysterious death of a British businessman, was a wild courtroom drama full of explosive confessions, unexpected revelations and bruising confrontations.
(adv.) In a rough manner; unevenly; harshly; rudely; severely; austerely.
(1) By 24 hr, rough endoplasmic reticulum in thecal cells increased from 4.2 to 7% of cell volume, while the amount in granulosa cells increased from less than 3.5% to more than 10%; the quantity remained relatively constant in the theca but declined to prestimulation values in the granulosa layer.
(2) Thus, it appears that neuronal loss may account for up to roughly half of the striatal D2 receptor loss during aging.
(3) The cis isomer was retained longer in liver, particularly in mitochondria, but had low retention in that portion of the endoplasmic reticulum isolated as the rough membrane fraction.
(4) The results indicated that roughly 25% of patients treated in this way will become hypothyroid after 5 years and that 85% are cured (need no further therapy during the follow-up period) using a single dose of iodine-131.
(5) This heretogeneity occurred mainly as a progressive, decreasing gradient in the first half of this pathway, between the rough endoplasmic reticulum and the mi-cisternae of the Golgi apparatus.
(6) Electron microscopy revealed a well-developed rough endoplasmic reticulum, an enlarged Golgi apparatus and many highly electron-dense secretory granules resembling those of Clara cells.
(7) Four fractions enriched, respectively, in plasma membrane (PM), smooth endoplasmic reticulum (SER), rough endoplasmic reticulum (RER), and mitochondria were isolated from estrogen-dominated rat myometrium.
(8) For trials in which the target was present in the array, RT functions were roughly symmetric, the shortest RTs being for extreme distractor ratios, and the longest RTs being for arrays in which there were an equal number of each distractor type.
(9) Classic technics of digital image analysis and new algorithms were used to improve the contrast on the full image or a portion of it, contrast a skin lesion with statistical information deduced from another lesion, evaluate the shape of the lesion, the roughness of the surface, and the transition region from the lesion to the normal skin, and analyze a lesion from the chromatic point of view.
(10) Electron microscopic evaluation of microsomal fractions showed elements of the plasma membrane, including cilia and microvilli, as well as rough and smooth endoplasmic reticulum.
(11) The local guide led us down a rough, uneven pathway, talking as he went.
(12) It's the roughly $2bn in revenue grossed by his blockbuster movies, some of which he had to be talked into making.
(13) The interaction between PE and E-IgG involved the extension of micropseudopods toward adherent E-IgG, the formation of a linear uniform cap of roughly 200 A between opposing cell membranes, the ingestion of E-IgG by PE into a membrane-lined compartment, and the disintegration of the ingested ligand into membranous debris.
(14) Ultracentrifugally separated HDL2 and HDL3 roughly corresponded to HDL2e and HDL3e, respectively.
(15) The locations of these 15 insertion sites correlate well with the roughly estimated locations of five of the DNase I-hypersensitive subregions.
(16) The Lords will vote on three key amendments: • To exclude child benefit from the cap calculation (this would roughly halve the number of households affected).
(17) The unique structure we describe is a cytoplasmic organelle which, like annulate lamellae, is closely associated with the endoplasmic reticulum and is presumed to be related to the genesis of rough-surfaced endoplasmic reticulum in tumor cells.
(18) Besides the rough, wrinkled, and brown or black surface of the fingertips, microwrinkles of the epidermis occur on the skin ridges, which have so far not been described.
(19) Ultrastructural examination of noncartilaginous regions of the tumor demonstrated mesenchymal cells with features suggestive of cartilaginous differentiation, viz, scalloped cell membranes, sac-like distension of abundant rough endoplasmic reticulum, and a matrix containing fibrillary and finely granular material.
(20) That, roughly, was the theme of the Wednesday Play, Cathy Come Home, (BBC1) directed by Kenneth Loach, produced by Tony Garnett.