(n.) A fall of water over a precipice, as in a river or brook; a waterfall less than a cataract.
(v. i.) To fall in a cascade.
(v. i.) To vomit.
(1) With fields and fells already saturated after more than four times the average monthly rainfall falling within the first three weeks of December, there was nowhere left to absorb the rainfall which has cascaded from fields into streams and rivers.
(2) The following model is suggested: exogenous ATP interacts with a membrane receptor in the presence of Ca2+, a cascade of events occurs which mobilizes intracellular calcium, thereby increasing the cytosolic free Ca2+ concentration which consequently opens the calcium-activated K+ channels, which then leads to a change in membrane potential.
(3) Each point of the interleukin cascade reaction was examined.
(4) All cellular signals characterized so far are reverted during retrodifferentiation: Redistribution of PKC and down-regulation of c-fos and c-jun contribute to an interruption of the differentiation-associated transsignaling cascade.
(5) Present antihypertensive therapy is directed largely at secondary factors dependent upon or influencing the primary phospholipase C cascade.
(6) Since testosterone influenced both tissue stores and PDBu-stimulated secretion of LHRH and GAP, this steroid may selectively regulate biosynthesis and secretion of pro-LHRH-derived peptides through activation of the metabolic cascade involving the PKC system.
(7) Extracellular signals that promote cell growth activate cascades of protein kinases.
(8) Using serine proteinase inhibitors and antibodies to plasminogen activators as well as a newly described collagenase inhibitor we demonstrate that a protease cascade leads to the activation of an enzyme(s) that cleaves collagen IV.
(9) Low-density lipoprotein (LDL) has a similar hormone-like action and activates the signal transfer cascade that eventually leads to platelet aggregation as well as vascular smooth muscle cell proliferation.
(10) However, the role of calcium homeostasis in regulating several biochemical pathways implicated in other steps of the metastatic cascade suggests that calcium channel antagonists could also inhibit metastasis by other mechanisms.
(11) Since ADH exerts its effects by activation of adenylyl cyclase (AC), further experiments were performed to identify the site at which CP inhibits this cascade.
(12) Autoantibodies which interfere with the function of enzyme cascade systems have also been described in diseases such as acquired haemophilia (anti-factor VIII antibodies) and glomerulonephritis (C3 nephritic factor).
(13) The cyclic adenosine nucleotide pathway is turned off by kinase A activity, whereas the inositol trisphosphate cascade is terminated by kinase C. The data support the concept that desensitization of odorant responses involves phosphorylation of key elements in the transduction cascade.
(14) These hormonal responses trigger a cascade of metabolic adjustments leading to catabolism and substrate mobilization in the postoperative period.
(15) The series filter model is compatible with a simply physical model consisting of cascaded chemical reactions whose forward rate constants are reciprocals of the filter time constants, whose reverse rate constants are negligible, and in which the concentration of an intermediate product controls membrane current.
(16) E capture IC via complement receptors, type 1 (CR1) which can bind to C3b and C4b ligand sites generated on IC during activation of the complement cascade.
(17) The EU was not properly promoting cascade use either he said.
(18) Speculatively, the blockage by dbcAMP of the morphogenetic cascade in the co-cultured system may be related to the inhibition by dbcAMP of testis cord formation in organ cultures of fetal gonads reported by others.
(19) Component of the cascade model represented adventitia and media layers of the wall.
(20) These data suggest that sCR1 inhibits the Arthus reaction by interrupting the activation of the C cascade, hence limiting the detrimental immune complex-induced tissue damage in vivo.
(a.) Pertaining to electricity; consisting of, containing, derived from, or produced by, electricity; as, electric power or virtue; an electric jar; electric effects; an electric spark.
(a.) Capable of occasioning the phenomena of electricity; as, an electric or electrical machine or substance.
(a.) Electrifying; thrilling; magnetic.
(1) The dependence of fluorescence polarization of stained nerve fibres on the angle between the fibre axis and electrical vector of exciting light (azimuth characteristics) has been considered.
(2) Cellular radial expansion was apparently unaffected by exposure to electric fields.
(3) The purpose of the present study was to analyze the effects of cromakalim (BRL 34915), a potent drug from a new class of drugs characterized as "K+ channel openers", on the electrical activity of human skeletal muscle.
(4) Noradrenaline (NA) was released from sympathetic nerve endings in the tissue by electrical stimulation of the mesenteric nerves or by the indirect sympathomimetic agent tyramine.
(5) The automatic half of both the motor which advances the trepan as well as the second motor which rotates the trepan is triggered by the sudden change in electrical resistance between the trepan and the patient's internal body fluid, at the final stage of penetration.
(6) All of the serotonergic antagonists studied had additional effects on the response of the coronary artery to electrical stimulation or to norepinephrine.
(7) Hyperosmolar buffer slightly increased the sensitivity and maximal response to methacholine as well as the cholinergic twitch to electric field stimulation.
(8) The electrical stimulation of the tail associated to a restraint condition of the rat produces a significant increase of immunoreactive DYN in cervical, thoracic and lumbar segments of spinal cord, therefore indicating a correlative, if not causal, relationship between the spinal dynorphinergic system and aversive stimuli.
(9) Electrical stimulation of afferent pathways at intensities just below threshold for eliciting action potentials resulted in a dramatic decrease in JSCP threshold.
(10) Average temperature changes observed were less than 1 degree C. The present study demonstrates that the electrically evoked response in mammalian brain can be altered by ultrasound in a non-thermal, non-cavitational mode, and that such effects are potentially reversible.
(11) Quantitative esophageal sensibility, therefore is concluded to be particularly suited to evaluation by electric stimulation.
(12) The new trabecular bone closely resembled that typically seen at electrically active implants.
(13) A second group was chronically implanted without electrical stimulation in one leg and implanted with cyclical electrical stimulation applied through the electrode in the other leg.
(14) The intermandibularis is probably present only in electric rays.
(15) Masking experiments are demonstrated for electrical frequency-modulated tone bursts from 1,000 to 10,000 cps and from 10,000 to 1,000 cps with superimposed clicks.
(16) Photograph: AP Reasons for wavering • State relies on coal-fired electricity • Poor prospects for wind power • Conservative Democrat • Represents conservative district in conservative state and was elected on narrow margins Campaign support from fossil fuel interests in 2008 • $93,743 G K Butterfield (North Carolina) GK Butterfield, North Carolina.
(17) It is suggested that intra-endothelial conduction of electrical signals from capillaries to the resistance vessels may be involved in the local regulation of blood flow in the intact heart.
(18) In the anesthetized cat, the posterior canal nerve (PCN) was stimulated by electric pulses and synaptic responses were recorded intracellularly in the three antagonistic pairs of extraocular motoneurons.
(19) Among the epileptic patients investigated by the stereotactic E. E. G. (Talairach) whose electrodes were introduced at or around the auditory cortex (Area 41, 42), the topography of the auditory responses by the electrical bipolar stimulation and that of the auditory evoked potential by the bilateral click sound stimulation were studied in relation to the ac--pc line (Talairach).
(20) It is suggested that contractile responses to electrical stimulation in isolated sheep urethral smooth muscle are mediated by the sympathetic nervous system, mainly through release of noradrenaline stimulating postjunctional alpha 1-adrenoceptors.