(n.) A fall of water over a precipice, as in a river or brook; a waterfall less than a cataract.
(v. i.) To fall in a cascade.
(v. i.) To vomit.
(1) With fields and fells already saturated after more than four times the average monthly rainfall falling within the first three weeks of December, there was nowhere left to absorb the rainfall which has cascaded from fields into streams and rivers.
(2) The following model is suggested: exogenous ATP interacts with a membrane receptor in the presence of Ca2+, a cascade of events occurs which mobilizes intracellular calcium, thereby increasing the cytosolic free Ca2+ concentration which consequently opens the calcium-activated K+ channels, which then leads to a change in membrane potential.
(3) Each point of the interleukin cascade reaction was examined.
(4) All cellular signals characterized so far are reverted during retrodifferentiation: Redistribution of PKC and down-regulation of c-fos and c-jun contribute to an interruption of the differentiation-associated transsignaling cascade.
(5) Present antihypertensive therapy is directed largely at secondary factors dependent upon or influencing the primary phospholipase C cascade.
(6) Since testosterone influenced both tissue stores and PDBu-stimulated secretion of LHRH and GAP, this steroid may selectively regulate biosynthesis and secretion of pro-LHRH-derived peptides through activation of the metabolic cascade involving the PKC system.
(7) Extracellular signals that promote cell growth activate cascades of protein kinases.
(8) Using serine proteinase inhibitors and antibodies to plasminogen activators as well as a newly described collagenase inhibitor we demonstrate that a protease cascade leads to the activation of an enzyme(s) that cleaves collagen IV.
(9) Low-density lipoprotein (LDL) has a similar hormone-like action and activates the signal transfer cascade that eventually leads to platelet aggregation as well as vascular smooth muscle cell proliferation.
(10) However, the role of calcium homeostasis in regulating several biochemical pathways implicated in other steps of the metastatic cascade suggests that calcium channel antagonists could also inhibit metastasis by other mechanisms.
(11) Since ADH exerts its effects by activation of adenylyl cyclase (AC), further experiments were performed to identify the site at which CP inhibits this cascade.
(12) Autoantibodies which interfere with the function of enzyme cascade systems have also been described in diseases such as acquired haemophilia (anti-factor VIII antibodies) and glomerulonephritis (C3 nephritic factor).
(13) The cyclic adenosine nucleotide pathway is turned off by kinase A activity, whereas the inositol trisphosphate cascade is terminated by kinase C. The data support the concept that desensitization of odorant responses involves phosphorylation of key elements in the transduction cascade.
(14) These hormonal responses trigger a cascade of metabolic adjustments leading to catabolism and substrate mobilization in the postoperative period.
(15) The series filter model is compatible with a simply physical model consisting of cascaded chemical reactions whose forward rate constants are reciprocals of the filter time constants, whose reverse rate constants are negligible, and in which the concentration of an intermediate product controls membrane current.
(16) E capture IC via complement receptors, type 1 (CR1) which can bind to C3b and C4b ligand sites generated on IC during activation of the complement cascade.
(17) The EU was not properly promoting cascade use either he said.
(18) Speculatively, the blockage by dbcAMP of the morphogenetic cascade in the co-cultured system may be related to the inhibition by dbcAMP of testis cord formation in organ cultures of fetal gonads reported by others.
(19) Component of the cascade model represented adventitia and media layers of the wall.
(20) These data suggest that sCR1 inhibits the Arthus reaction by interrupting the activation of the C cascade, hence limiting the detrimental immune complex-induced tissue damage in vivo.
(n.) The act of indenting or state of being indented.
(n.) A notch or recess, in the margin or border of anything; as, the indentations of a leaf, of the coast, etc.
(n.) A recess or sharp depression in any surface.
(n.) The act of beginning a line or series of lines at a little distance within the flush line of the column or page, as in the common way of beginning the first line of a paragraph.
(n.) The measure of the distance; as, an indentation of one em, or of two ems.
(1) Over a period of 9 months a 12-year-old girl spontaneously developed a palpable cystic tumor in the upper eye lid which led to an indentation and downward displacement of the globe.
(2) Attachment appeared to involve a very close physical proximity of treponemes to the cultured cells; at the site of attachment, no changes such as swelling or indentation of the cultured cell surface were observed.
(3) Analysed were the results of surgical treatment, causes of the failure and early recurrence in 108 patients with retinal detachment in whom was performed an indentation of the sclera by means of a balloon (1st group--50) or by an episcleral implant (2d group--58).
(4) Thus, the area with separated HL, which is restricted to the region of the PMC released at the stage of PMC ingression, spreads almost entirely throughout the area of the indenting vegetal plate at gastrulation.
(5) Evidence for net C3 synthesis was based on (a) incorporation of 14C-labeled amino acids into C3 protein, (b) indentity of the allotype of C3 produced in vitro with that of the doner's serum C3, even in the presence of carrier C3 protein of a different allotype; (c) correspondence of electrophoretic mobility, size, and subunit structure of C3 protein produced in vitro with serum C3; (d) inhibition of C3 production with cycloheximide.
(6) The light touch stimulus was a slight indentation of the skin produced through a displacement controlled stimulating probe (tip diameter of 2 mm).
(7) Dendritic cells were characterized by their slender cytoplasmic processes, indented nucleus and pale cytoplasm.
(8) The monocytes are large cells with an indented nucleus and cytoplasm containing numerous vesicles of different sizes and also a few lysosomes.
(9) Kitten units responsive to skin indentation showed no evidence of encoding stimulus magnitude information.
(10) The anti-inflammatory effect of dexamethasone was also indentical in both normal and EFAD rats.
(11) (1) was employed to calculate the strain rate and stress from the indentation time and the size of the indentation.
(12) A mathematical solution has been obtained for the indentation creep and stress-relaxation behavior of articular cartilage where the tissue is modeled as a layer of linear KLM biphasic material of thickness h bonded to an impervious, rigid bony substrate.
(13) The responses of slowly-adapting neurons were separated into two components, a "dynamic" response corresponding to activity elicited by the initial indenting ramp and a "static" response produced by the sustained indentation.
(14) Therefore, the pleural indentation sign does not exclusively appear in the lung cancer.
(15) In the fluoride group, a moderate increase of the indentation length and a reduced calcium loss were observed.
(16) Histologically, in addition to diffuse infiltrate of large lymphoid cells with deeply indented nuclei, there were many epithelioid cell granulomas, remarkable tissue eosinophilia and stromal fibrosis, mimicking inflammatory disease.
(17) By utilizing high-speed, microcomputer-controlled data logging techniques, simultaneous monitoring of signals from a dynamic load cell and a displacement transducer could be made throughout an indentation test.
(18) The central axon of a primary afferent neuron that responded to indentation of the glabrous skin of the lower lip in a slowly adapting fashion was intra-axonally injected with horseradish peroxidase.
(19) In addition to the macroglossia, the typical facial signs of this syndrome such as capillary haemangioma of the glabella, soft tissue folds under the eyes and linear indentations of the ear lobes are demonstrable.
(20) Cuplike indentations were present on the paunch epithelial surface and were sites of bacterial aggregation.