(n.) A fall of water over a precipice, as in a river or brook; a waterfall less than a cataract.
(v. i.) To fall in a cascade.
(v. i.) To vomit.
(1) With fields and fells already saturated after more than four times the average monthly rainfall falling within the first three weeks of December, there was nowhere left to absorb the rainfall which has cascaded from fields into streams and rivers.
(2) The following model is suggested: exogenous ATP interacts with a membrane receptor in the presence of Ca2+, a cascade of events occurs which mobilizes intracellular calcium, thereby increasing the cytosolic free Ca2+ concentration which consequently opens the calcium-activated K+ channels, which then leads to a change in membrane potential.
(3) Each point of the interleukin cascade reaction was examined.
(4) All cellular signals characterized so far are reverted during retrodifferentiation: Redistribution of PKC and down-regulation of c-fos and c-jun contribute to an interruption of the differentiation-associated transsignaling cascade.
(5) Present antihypertensive therapy is directed largely at secondary factors dependent upon or influencing the primary phospholipase C cascade.
(6) Since testosterone influenced both tissue stores and PDBu-stimulated secretion of LHRH and GAP, this steroid may selectively regulate biosynthesis and secretion of pro-LHRH-derived peptides through activation of the metabolic cascade involving the PKC system.
(7) Extracellular signals that promote cell growth activate cascades of protein kinases.
(8) Using serine proteinase inhibitors and antibodies to plasminogen activators as well as a newly described collagenase inhibitor we demonstrate that a protease cascade leads to the activation of an enzyme(s) that cleaves collagen IV.
(9) Low-density lipoprotein (LDL) has a similar hormone-like action and activates the signal transfer cascade that eventually leads to platelet aggregation as well as vascular smooth muscle cell proliferation.
(10) However, the role of calcium homeostasis in regulating several biochemical pathways implicated in other steps of the metastatic cascade suggests that calcium channel antagonists could also inhibit metastasis by other mechanisms.
(11) Since ADH exerts its effects by activation of adenylyl cyclase (AC), further experiments were performed to identify the site at which CP inhibits this cascade.
(12) Autoantibodies which interfere with the function of enzyme cascade systems have also been described in diseases such as acquired haemophilia (anti-factor VIII antibodies) and glomerulonephritis (C3 nephritic factor).
(13) The cyclic adenosine nucleotide pathway is turned off by kinase A activity, whereas the inositol trisphosphate cascade is terminated by kinase C. The data support the concept that desensitization of odorant responses involves phosphorylation of key elements in the transduction cascade.
(14) These hormonal responses trigger a cascade of metabolic adjustments leading to catabolism and substrate mobilization in the postoperative period.
(15) The series filter model is compatible with a simply physical model consisting of cascaded chemical reactions whose forward rate constants are reciprocals of the filter time constants, whose reverse rate constants are negligible, and in which the concentration of an intermediate product controls membrane current.
(16) E capture IC via complement receptors, type 1 (CR1) which can bind to C3b and C4b ligand sites generated on IC during activation of the complement cascade.
(17) The EU was not properly promoting cascade use either he said.
(18) Speculatively, the blockage by dbcAMP of the morphogenetic cascade in the co-cultured system may be related to the inhibition by dbcAMP of testis cord formation in organ cultures of fetal gonads reported by others.
(19) Component of the cascade model represented adventitia and media layers of the wall.
(20) These data suggest that sCR1 inhibits the Arthus reaction by interrupting the activation of the C cascade, hence limiting the detrimental immune complex-induced tissue damage in vivo.
(v. t. & i.) To lap over; to lap.
(n.) The lapping of one thing over another; as, an overlap of six inches; an overlap of a slate on a roof.
(n.) An extension of geological beds above and beyond others, as in a conformable series of beds, when the upper beds extend over a wider space than the lower, either in one or in all directions.
(1) Multiple overlapping thin 3D slab acquisition is presented as a magnitude contrast (time of flight) technique which combines advantages from multiple thin slice 2D and direct 3D volume acquisitions to obtain high-resolution cross-sectional images of vessel detail.
(2) Three overlapping clones, spanning a total of 19 kb of the human SC gene, including 3 kb of the 5' flanking region, were characterized.
(3) A marked overlap of input from the two eyes is an unusual feature for a diprotodont marsupial and has previously been seen only in the feathertail glider.
(4) We have examined overlapping octapeptides from the kappa IIIb light chain variable region and show that some framework peptides have the ability to bind aggregated IgG.
(5) Several subpopulations with overlapping immunoreactivities were found, i.e.
(6) Despite significant differences in mean response, there was a large overlap of individual responses between diagnostic subgroups.
(7) Delta roc, which extends from base pairs 41883 to 43825, overlaps the nin5 deletion, which extend from base pairs 40501 to 43306.
(8) The authors suggest that the outstanding high sensitivity of the above mentioned two tests applied parallelly reveals that they highlights partially different aspects of coronary artery disease, and that is why the overlapping between the methods is relatively small.
(9) Furthermore, overlap syndromes between the different autoimmune liver diseases as well as with other disorders including collagen disorders can be observed.
(10) Mapping of the shortest peptides recognized by T cell lines ThoU6 and BieU6 indicate that these sequences are fully overlapping.
(11) Binding studies with synthetic IL2-derived peptides revealed the location of the epitope, which is recognized by mAb BO-7: A peptide representing amino acid residues 59-72 (peptide 84) is strongly reactive with the antibody, while an overlapping peptide (residues 48-69) is not.
(12) The peptides, which were synthesized using a FMOC solid phase procedure and purified by HPLC, consisted of residues 6-25 from the putative aqueous domain, residues 22-35, which overlaps the putative aqueous and transmembrane domains, and residues 1-38 and 1-40 representing nearly the full length of beta-AP.
(13) Autopsy revealed serious somatic diseases (stenosis of the ileum in two cases and brain tumor in one); their symptoms had been largely overlapped by those of anorexia nervosa.
(14) The capacity of granule-cell networks to separate overlapping patterns of activity on their inputs is adequate, with spatial variability in the secretion at synapses, but is improved if there is also temporal variability in the stochastic secretion at individual synapses, although this is at the expense of reliability in the network.
(15) In the analysis of background fluorescence, the principal components were, as for the two-step technique, autofluorescence and propidium spectral overlap.
(16) The degree of overlap varies with the thickness of the arborization and is in the order of 1-2 mu.
(17) Ranges of V0 in the three fast fibre types mostly overlapped.
(18) Determination of the T-cell recognition profile of Mb by the overlapping peptide strategy revealed that the protein has six T sites.
(19) The results suggest that Ce projections to a variety of medullary sites arise from separate populations of neurons with partially overlapping distributions in the medial Ce.
(20) These connections may provide a pathway for overlap of sensory dermatomes and motor innervation of the neck and upper extremity.