(n.) An inflammatory affection of any mucous membrane, in which there are congestion, swelling, and an altertion in the quantity and quality of mucus secreted; as, catarrh of the stomach; catarrh of the bladder.
(1) Bacteria of catarrhal group (30.8%) and streptococcus pneumoniae (28.4%) dominated among other bacteria.
(2) A microtitre technique for the quantal assay of a cell-free strain of malignant catarrhal fever virus was developed, using serially passaged bovine embryonic kidney cells.
(3) The speediest effect was registered for sneezing, followed by nasal catarrh, nasal itching, and blocking.
(4) The following findings were obtained from histomorphological examination of 45 piglets with coli-bacillosis (with serotypical Escherichia coli detected) and ten piglets with coli-diarrhoea (with non-serotypical E. coli detected): Diarrhoea accompanying either disease was not attributable to catarrhal or haemorrhagic gastro-enteritis.
(5) Pathological changes were liver fatty cytoplasmic vacuolation and necrosis of hepatocytes with lymphocytic infiltration, epithelial degeneration of renal tubules, catarrhal enteritis, and varying degrees of hemorrhage in the thigh and breast.
(6) At the end of the tests the development of the most significative symptomatologic parameters has been analysed according to the Wilcoxon test: quantity, kind and characteristics of nasal secretions, nasal obstruction, phlogosis of the nasal and pharyngeal mucosa, hoarseness, difficulty in catarrhal expectoration, hypoacusia, retraction of the tympanic membrane.
(7) Microflora isolated from cattle with acute postnatal pus-catarrhal endometritis has been studied.
(8) The gross and histopathologic lesions of three captive sika deer (Cervus nippon) with malignant catarrhal fever are described.
(9) It was established that no antibacterial and desintoxicating therapy is required in catarrhal appendicitis.
(10) The only consistent lesion on necropsy was a catarrhal enteritis in the duodenal area.
(11) For men the differences were significant for nasal catarrh and sinusitis.
(12) Although virus isolation was not attempted, serologic findings of antibodies to malignant catarrhal fever virus detected by indirect immunofluorescence and virus neutralization supported a diagnosis of malignant catarrhal fever in this deer.
(13) An appendicitis echo was obtained in 100% of phlegmonous and gangrenous appendicitis cases in which emergency surgery was indicated, but in only 32% of catarrhal appendicitis cases in which conservative therapy was generally indicated.
(14) One inoculation with this agent did not protect such steers, and repeated weekly inoculations had the risk of inducing a malignant catarrhal fever-like disease.
(15) In 100% of cases this detection correlated with the presence of lesions of the upper respiratory ways and was probably indicative of the rotavirus nature of the catarrhal syndrome in rotavirus gastroenteritis.
(16) The commonest cause of ear-ache in children is otitis externa and five new cases of otitis externa will be seen for every case of otitis media.ACUTE OTITIS EXTERNA AND OTITIS MEDIA ARE QUITE DIFFERENT AND DISTINCT CLINICAL ENTITIES IN CHILDREN: the former is a tender, dirty, pruritic ear, often recurring in children with simple febrile illnesses; the latter is more isolated than is realised, non-recurrent and usually accompanying upper respiratory catarrhal illness.The fleeting nature of otitis externa as seen in childhood is typical of clinical material in general practice that presents quite differently from that in hospital practice.
(17) The uveitis, vasculitis, and keratitis of malignant catarrhal fever were probably immune-mediated.
(18) The differential evaluation of different pathologies of the esophageal mucosa suggested a link between catarrhal and erosive esophagitis and vitamin B2 deficiency and atrophic esophagitis and vitamin A deficit.
(19) Six of them had neutralising antibody titres to malignant catarrhal fever virus and three were positive in the indirect immunofluorescence test.
(20) Data are given on the study of changes in microflora of the intestinal contents in patients with functional diseases: irritable colon syndrome (ICS), chronic catarrhal colitis (CCC) and non-specific ulcerous colitis (NUC).
(1) When FLU-specific B cells were cultured in the presence of FLU-POL, the addition of rTRF markedly increased the frequencies of both proliferating clones and AFC clones above that induced by FLU-POL alone.
(2) The aim of the present investigation was to establish whether in advanced prostatic carcinoma in relapse treated with LHRH analogues combined with cyproterone acetate (CPA), substitution of this antiandrogen with another compound such as flutamide (FLU) might lead to further subjective and objective improvement.
(3) All children under 17 could be immunised against flu in a new effort by the NHS to limit the number of people affected by the illness.
(4) Most infections have flu-like symptoms including fever, coughing, sore throat, runny nose, and aches and pains.
(5) I haven't had the swine flu jab yet because I'm not in a risk group; but as soon as I can get it, I will.
(6) Of the HIV+ patients, four different response patterns were observed: (a) patients who responded to all four stimuli (16%); (b) patients who were selectively unresponsive to FLU and TET, but responded to ALLO and PHA (54%); (c) patients who were unresponsive to FLU, TET, or ALLO, but responsive to PHA (16%); and (d) patients who failed to respond to any of these stimuli (14%).
(7) That’s in the normal range, but should it go to 37.5 you may be whisked off to a holding centre as a suspect Ebola case, where – even if your fever is flu or more likely here, malaria – you will be detained with people who really do have this dangerously contagious virus.
(8) Flu cases rose steeply last week, up 44.9%, according to doctors reporting a surge of visits to their practices.
(9) The flu-like symptoms could be prevented by concomitant administration of paracetamol (500 mg. 3 times a day).
(10) Officials are investigating how the virus reached East Yorkshire, whether it could have be the result of commercial transport of birds, or carried by wild birds which are also affected by bird flu.
(11) With panic-inducing stories of deaths, rising infection rates and government failure to advertise the annual vaccination campaign, flu has once again reared its ugly head in our newspapers and across TV screens.
(12) The effects of Flu, ONO-3805, CMA and TZP-4238 on the accessory sex organs were investigated in castrated rats receiving DHEA-S and A.
(13) When compared to previously reported neuronal cell culture studies utilizing 3H-FLU specific binding, Ro5-4864-displaceable 3H-FLU binding, and protein determinations, glial cells appear to be significantly more resistant to chelated iron exposure.
(14) Normal mouse bone marrow cells were exposed to encephalomyocarditis virus (EMC), reovirus type 3 (REO3), influenza virus (FLU), and Newcastle disease virus (NDV) then assayed for granulocyte-macrophage precursor cells by the technique of colony formation in agar.
(15) In this study, prolactin (PRL) secretion was chosen as a parameter for functional exploration of central dopaminergic systems in normal and migraineous women before and after FLU treatment.
(16) In a statement, the chief medical officer, Professor Dame Sally Davies, said: "Severe winter flu and its complications can make people really ill and can kill, particularly those who are weak and frail which is why we already offer vaccinations to the most at risk groups.
(17) The primary dose-limiting toxicity in all these trials has been flu-like symptoms, particularly fever and fatigue.
(18) Concentrations of ETO and its active metabolite, FLU, were determined by HPTLC.
(19) In addition to the morphology of capillary loops, we investigated the transcapillary passage and interstitial distribution of sodium fluorescein (Na-flu) in healthy persons (42) and in patients suffering from functional microangiopathies (17) or organic vascular disease (58).
(20) In patients suffering from functional microangiopathy, an increased pericapillary FLI as well as an enlarged juxtacapillary zone with elevated Na-flu concentrations could be established as objective criteria in addition to the already known alterations of the morphology of the capillary loops.