(n.) An inflammatory affection of any mucous membrane, in which there are congestion, swelling, and an altertion in the quantity and quality of mucus secreted; as, catarrh of the stomach; catarrh of the bladder.
(1) Bacteria of catarrhal group (30.8%) and streptococcus pneumoniae (28.4%) dominated among other bacteria.
(2) A microtitre technique for the quantal assay of a cell-free strain of malignant catarrhal fever virus was developed, using serially passaged bovine embryonic kidney cells.
(3) The speediest effect was registered for sneezing, followed by nasal catarrh, nasal itching, and blocking.
(4) The following findings were obtained from histomorphological examination of 45 piglets with coli-bacillosis (with serotypical Escherichia coli detected) and ten piglets with coli-diarrhoea (with non-serotypical E. coli detected): Diarrhoea accompanying either disease was not attributable to catarrhal or haemorrhagic gastro-enteritis.
(5) Pathological changes were liver fatty cytoplasmic vacuolation and necrosis of hepatocytes with lymphocytic infiltration, epithelial degeneration of renal tubules, catarrhal enteritis, and varying degrees of hemorrhage in the thigh and breast.
(6) At the end of the tests the development of the most significative symptomatologic parameters has been analysed according to the Wilcoxon test: quantity, kind and characteristics of nasal secretions, nasal obstruction, phlogosis of the nasal and pharyngeal mucosa, hoarseness, difficulty in catarrhal expectoration, hypoacusia, retraction of the tympanic membrane.
(7) Microflora isolated from cattle with acute postnatal pus-catarrhal endometritis has been studied.
(8) The gross and histopathologic lesions of three captive sika deer (Cervus nippon) with malignant catarrhal fever are described.
(9) It was established that no antibacterial and desintoxicating therapy is required in catarrhal appendicitis.
(10) The only consistent lesion on necropsy was a catarrhal enteritis in the duodenal area.
(11) For men the differences were significant for nasal catarrh and sinusitis.
(12) Although virus isolation was not attempted, serologic findings of antibodies to malignant catarrhal fever virus detected by indirect immunofluorescence and virus neutralization supported a diagnosis of malignant catarrhal fever in this deer.
(13) An appendicitis echo was obtained in 100% of phlegmonous and gangrenous appendicitis cases in which emergency surgery was indicated, but in only 32% of catarrhal appendicitis cases in which conservative therapy was generally indicated.
(14) One inoculation with this agent did not protect such steers, and repeated weekly inoculations had the risk of inducing a malignant catarrhal fever-like disease.
(15) In 100% of cases this detection correlated with the presence of lesions of the upper respiratory ways and was probably indicative of the rotavirus nature of the catarrhal syndrome in rotavirus gastroenteritis.
(16) The commonest cause of ear-ache in children is otitis externa and five new cases of otitis externa will be seen for every case of otitis media.ACUTE OTITIS EXTERNA AND OTITIS MEDIA ARE QUITE DIFFERENT AND DISTINCT CLINICAL ENTITIES IN CHILDREN: the former is a tender, dirty, pruritic ear, often recurring in children with simple febrile illnesses; the latter is more isolated than is realised, non-recurrent and usually accompanying upper respiratory catarrhal illness.The fleeting nature of otitis externa as seen in childhood is typical of clinical material in general practice that presents quite differently from that in hospital practice.
(17) The uveitis, vasculitis, and keratitis of malignant catarrhal fever were probably immune-mediated.
(18) The differential evaluation of different pathologies of the esophageal mucosa suggested a link between catarrhal and erosive esophagitis and vitamin B2 deficiency and atrophic esophagitis and vitamin A deficit.
(19) Six of them had neutralising antibody titres to malignant catarrhal fever virus and three were positive in the indirect immunofluorescence test.
(20) Data are given on the study of changes in microflora of the intestinal contents in patients with functional diseases: irritable colon syndrome (ICS), chronic catarrhal colitis (CCC) and non-specific ulcerous colitis (NUC).
(n.) The influenza or epidemic catarrh.
(1) Las Tunas Province, where 30 diseased old individuals were detected; grippe was diagnosed to two of them.
(2) Second, according to incidence, come the gastrointestinal diseases-13.51%, grippe and grippe-like diseases-13.44%, lung diseases-5.21%, blood-3.80%, heart-3.16%, toxic hepatitis 3.26%, etc.
(3) Hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS) is an acute viral fever which typically progresses through five stages: an acute grippe, followed by hemorrhage and shock, acute renal insufficiency from tubulo-interstitial nephritis, and recovery.
(4) Carminomycin and its derivatives had a therapeutic effect on mice with experimental grippe pneumonia also on their oral use.
(5) L-forms of bacteria were isolated in 18 out of 300 fever patients with diagnoses of typhoid-paratyphoid fever, grippe, virus respiration disease and others in the Diagnostic Department of an Infection Hospital during bacteriological tests of the blood.
(6) It was shown in ovo that the RNAases had distinct virus inhibiting activity with respect to various strains of the grippe A virus and did not practically differ by their activity from remantadin but unlike it had inhibitory action on the grippe B virus.
(7) Comparison of the effects of rubomycin, carminomycin, 14-oxy-carminomycin and carminomycin complex with bovine serum albumin in experiments with chick embryos showed that the inhibitory effect of carminomycin and its derivatives on the development of the grippe virus was much higher than that of rubomycin.
(8) Ten cases experienced an illness of one to three weeks duration with grippe-like symptoms being most frequent.
(9) Conclusions concerning the need to study grippe virus interrelations in man and animals in an all-round aspect, including the participation of various specialists, are made.
(10) A review of the medical records of 123 persons with Legionnaires' disease hospitalized in the 1976 Philadelphia epidemic showed that the manifestations of infection ranged from mild grippe to a severe pneumonia that also involved other organ systems.
(11) Results obtained in this field are summed up and an attempt to compare and analyse them is made in view to construct all-round conceptions and elaborate a strategy related with the study of grippe viruses also in animals and birds as their eventual biological reservoir.
(12) The purpose of testing was to compare the effectiveness of a combination homeopathic preparation (Gripp-Heel) with that of acetylsalicylic acid.
(13) A review of references found in World literature concerning the present day problem of grippe virus participation in man's and animals' pathology is made.
(14) New aspects of the relations between grippe viruses in man and in the animals, strain circulation, changes in their antigenic structures and the arisal of spontaneous mutations as well as the possibility for preserving human grippe strains in animals during interepidemical periods are revealed.
(15) Carminomycin was shown to inhibit the development of both the DNA-containing variolovaccine virus and the RNA-containing grippe virus in chick embryos.