(n.) An inflammatory affection of any mucous membrane, in which there are congestion, swelling, and an altertion in the quantity and quality of mucus secreted; as, catarrh of the stomach; catarrh of the bladder.
(1) Bacteria of catarrhal group (30.8%) and streptococcus pneumoniae (28.4%) dominated among other bacteria.
(2) A microtitre technique for the quantal assay of a cell-free strain of malignant catarrhal fever virus was developed, using serially passaged bovine embryonic kidney cells.
(3) The speediest effect was registered for sneezing, followed by nasal catarrh, nasal itching, and blocking.
(4) The following findings were obtained from histomorphological examination of 45 piglets with coli-bacillosis (with serotypical Escherichia coli detected) and ten piglets with coli-diarrhoea (with non-serotypical E. coli detected): Diarrhoea accompanying either disease was not attributable to catarrhal or haemorrhagic gastro-enteritis.
(5) Pathological changes were liver fatty cytoplasmic vacuolation and necrosis of hepatocytes with lymphocytic infiltration, epithelial degeneration of renal tubules, catarrhal enteritis, and varying degrees of hemorrhage in the thigh and breast.
(6) At the end of the tests the development of the most significative symptomatologic parameters has been analysed according to the Wilcoxon test: quantity, kind and characteristics of nasal secretions, nasal obstruction, phlogosis of the nasal and pharyngeal mucosa, hoarseness, difficulty in catarrhal expectoration, hypoacusia, retraction of the tympanic membrane.
(7) Microflora isolated from cattle with acute postnatal pus-catarrhal endometritis has been studied.
(8) The gross and histopathologic lesions of three captive sika deer (Cervus nippon) with malignant catarrhal fever are described.
(9) It was established that no antibacterial and desintoxicating therapy is required in catarrhal appendicitis.
(10) The only consistent lesion on necropsy was a catarrhal enteritis in the duodenal area.
(11) For men the differences were significant for nasal catarrh and sinusitis.
(12) Although virus isolation was not attempted, serologic findings of antibodies to malignant catarrhal fever virus detected by indirect immunofluorescence and virus neutralization supported a diagnosis of malignant catarrhal fever in this deer.
(13) An appendicitis echo was obtained in 100% of phlegmonous and gangrenous appendicitis cases in which emergency surgery was indicated, but in only 32% of catarrhal appendicitis cases in which conservative therapy was generally indicated.
(14) One inoculation with this agent did not protect such steers, and repeated weekly inoculations had the risk of inducing a malignant catarrhal fever-like disease.
(15) In 100% of cases this detection correlated with the presence of lesions of the upper respiratory ways and was probably indicative of the rotavirus nature of the catarrhal syndrome in rotavirus gastroenteritis.
(16) The commonest cause of ear-ache in children is otitis externa and five new cases of otitis externa will be seen for every case of otitis media.ACUTE OTITIS EXTERNA AND OTITIS MEDIA ARE QUITE DIFFERENT AND DISTINCT CLINICAL ENTITIES IN CHILDREN: the former is a tender, dirty, pruritic ear, often recurring in children with simple febrile illnesses; the latter is more isolated than is realised, non-recurrent and usually accompanying upper respiratory catarrhal illness.The fleeting nature of otitis externa as seen in childhood is typical of clinical material in general practice that presents quite differently from that in hospital practice.
(17) The uveitis, vasculitis, and keratitis of malignant catarrhal fever were probably immune-mediated.
(18) The differential evaluation of different pathologies of the esophageal mucosa suggested a link between catarrhal and erosive esophagitis and vitamin B2 deficiency and atrophic esophagitis and vitamin A deficit.
(19) Six of them had neutralising antibody titres to malignant catarrhal fever virus and three were positive in the indirect immunofluorescence test.
(20) Data are given on the study of changes in microflora of the intestinal contents in patients with functional diseases: irritable colon syndrome (ICS), chronic catarrhal colitis (CCC) and non-specific ulcerous colitis (NUC).
(n.) The act of inflaming, kindling, or setting on fire; also, the state of being inflamed.
(n.) A morbid condition of any part of the body, consisting in congestion of the blood vessels, with obstruction of the blood current, and growth of morbid tissue. It is manifested outwardly by redness and swelling, attended with heat and pain.
(n.) Violent excitement; heat; passion; animosity; turbulence; as, an inflammation of the mind, of the body politic, or of parties.
(1) The authors conclude that H. pylori alone causes little or no effect on an intact gastric mucosa in the rat, that either intact organisms or bacteria-free filtrates cause similar prolongation and delayed healing of pre-existing ulcers with active chronic inflammation, and that the presence of predisposing factors leading to disruption of gastric mucosal integrity may be required for the H. pylori enhancement of inflammation and tissue damage in the stomach.
(2) The authors followed up the occurrence of inflammation-mediated osteopenia (IMO) in young and adult rats weighing 50 g and 150 g, respectively.
(3) The base materials caused more pulpal inflammation than the control material, Kalzinol, although by an indirect mechanism.
(4) Achilles tendon overuse injuries exist as a spectrum of diseases ranging from inflammation of the paratendinous tissue (paratenonitis), to structural degeneration of the tendon (tendinosis), and finally tendon rupture.
(5) The authors describe the role played by these substances in the pathogenesis of inflammations, their importance in the regulation of intraocular pressure and in the development of cystoid macular oedema.
(6) The aim of our experiments was to investigate firstly whether during an acute inflammatory process platelets accumulate in the inflamed area and secondly whether the inflammation has an effect on the properties of the platelets.
(7) A patient with abdominal discomfort and hematemesis was found to have lower esophageal inflammation on endoscopy.
(8) Hence, presence of IgG rheumatoid factor correlated positively with the presence of rheumatoid disease, and evidence was established that certain features of rheumatoid inflammation occur in dental periapical lesions of many patients with rheumatoid disease.
(9) The development of pulmonary edema in high-altitude residents with upper respiratory infections and no antecedent low-altitude journey is consistent with the presence of other factors such as inflammation, which may play a role in the pathogenesis of the edema.
(10) Vulvovaginal inflammations and infections in the premenarchal child are caused by a large number of etiologic agents.
(11) However, coinciding with the height of inflammation and clinical signs at 12 dpi, the GFAP mRNA content dropped to approximately 50% of the level at 11 dpi but rose again at 13 dpi.
(12) Earlier recognition of foul-smelling mucoid discharge on the IUD tail, or abnormal bleeding, or both, as a sign of early pelvic infection, followed by removal of the IUD and institution of appropriate antibiotic therapy, might prevent the more serious sequelae of pelvic inflammation.
(13) On the other hand, the compound was more potent on secondary or late stage than on primary stage of inflammation, and to some extent showed the mode of action seen with steroid antiinflammatory drugs.
(14) Although the mechanism(s) by which melanin augments inflammation has not been defined, these data suggest that the binding of serum components (such as antibodies) to melanin may contribute to its proinflammatory effect.
(15) Morphologic and microbiologic study of the operation and biopsy specimens, obtained from 73 patients with odontogenic inflammatory processes has shown that in 38% of cases the inflammation was induced by mixed fungal and bacterial flora.
(16) Major reported complications include hemorrhage, perforation, biliary and pancreatic obstruction, and inflammation with intestinal obstruction.
(17) In adults it reappears in malignant tumors and during inflammation and tissue repair.
(18) The data indicate that activated helper T cells are required and sufficient to give rise to the inflammatory infiltrates that are characteristic of the inflammations and exacerbations in human rheumatoid arthritis.
(19) The mice that remained asymptomatic at this time showed few signs of inflammation and none developed clinical disease over the following 9 months.
(20) Experiments have been performed using CO2 laser-assisted microvascular anastomoses, and they demonstrated the following features, in comparison with conventional anastomoses: ease in technique; less time consumption; less tissue inflammation; early wound healing; equivalency of patency rate and inner pressure tolerance; but only about 50 percent of the tensile strength of manual-suture anastomosis.