(a.) Pertaining to, produced by, or attending, catarrh; of the nature of catarrh.
(1) Bacteria of catarrhal group (30.8%) and streptococcus pneumoniae (28.4%) dominated among other bacteria.
(2) A microtitre technique for the quantal assay of a cell-free strain of malignant catarrhal fever virus was developed, using serially passaged bovine embryonic kidney cells.
(3) The speediest effect was registered for sneezing, followed by nasal catarrh, nasal itching, and blocking.
(4) The following findings were obtained from histomorphological examination of 45 piglets with coli-bacillosis (with serotypical Escherichia coli detected) and ten piglets with coli-diarrhoea (with non-serotypical E. coli detected): Diarrhoea accompanying either disease was not attributable to catarrhal or haemorrhagic gastro-enteritis.
(5) Pathological changes were liver fatty cytoplasmic vacuolation and necrosis of hepatocytes with lymphocytic infiltration, epithelial degeneration of renal tubules, catarrhal enteritis, and varying degrees of hemorrhage in the thigh and breast.
(6) At the end of the tests the development of the most significative symptomatologic parameters has been analysed according to the Wilcoxon test: quantity, kind and characteristics of nasal secretions, nasal obstruction, phlogosis of the nasal and pharyngeal mucosa, hoarseness, difficulty in catarrhal expectoration, hypoacusia, retraction of the tympanic membrane.
(7) Microflora isolated from cattle with acute postnatal pus-catarrhal endometritis has been studied.
(8) The gross and histopathologic lesions of three captive sika deer (Cervus nippon) with malignant catarrhal fever are described.
(9) It was established that no antibacterial and desintoxicating therapy is required in catarrhal appendicitis.
(10) The only consistent lesion on necropsy was a catarrhal enteritis in the duodenal area.
(11) For men the differences were significant for nasal catarrh and sinusitis.
(12) Although virus isolation was not attempted, serologic findings of antibodies to malignant catarrhal fever virus detected by indirect immunofluorescence and virus neutralization supported a diagnosis of malignant catarrhal fever in this deer.
(13) An appendicitis echo was obtained in 100% of phlegmonous and gangrenous appendicitis cases in which emergency surgery was indicated, but in only 32% of catarrhal appendicitis cases in which conservative therapy was generally indicated.
(14) One inoculation with this agent did not protect such steers, and repeated weekly inoculations had the risk of inducing a malignant catarrhal fever-like disease.
(15) In 100% of cases this detection correlated with the presence of lesions of the upper respiratory ways and was probably indicative of the rotavirus nature of the catarrhal syndrome in rotavirus gastroenteritis.
(16) The commonest cause of ear-ache in children is otitis externa and five new cases of otitis externa will be seen for every case of otitis media.ACUTE OTITIS EXTERNA AND OTITIS MEDIA ARE QUITE DIFFERENT AND DISTINCT CLINICAL ENTITIES IN CHILDREN: the former is a tender, dirty, pruritic ear, often recurring in children with simple febrile illnesses; the latter is more isolated than is realised, non-recurrent and usually accompanying upper respiratory catarrhal illness.The fleeting nature of otitis externa as seen in childhood is typical of clinical material in general practice that presents quite differently from that in hospital practice.
(17) The uveitis, vasculitis, and keratitis of malignant catarrhal fever were probably immune-mediated.
(18) The differential evaluation of different pathologies of the esophageal mucosa suggested a link between catarrhal and erosive esophagitis and vitamin B2 deficiency and atrophic esophagitis and vitamin A deficit.
(19) Six of them had neutralising antibody titres to malignant catarrhal fever virus and three were positive in the indirect immunofluorescence test.
(20) Data are given on the study of changes in microflora of the intestinal contents in patients with functional diseases: irritable colon syndrome (ICS), chronic catarrhal colitis (CCC) and non-specific ulcerous colitis (NUC).
(n.) An enlargement or protrusion of the mucous membrane of the lachrymal passages, or dropsy of the lachrymal sac, dependent upon catarrhal inflammation of the latter.
(1) Two patients with sphenoethmoid mucoceles developed visual field defects consistent with optic chiasm dysfunction.
(2) The authors describe a rare case of mucocele of maxillary sinus and, on the basis of the histological and namely of the ultrastructural findings, they maintain that the mucocele has in all probability a multiple pathogenesis being dependent not only on the inflammatory processes, but also on other local predisposing factors and namely the active participation of the mucosa in the formation of the cavity of mucocele.
(3) In summary, we report a case of secondary infertility attributed to pseudomyxoma peritonei caused by ruptured appendiceal mucocele.
(4) We reviewed 70 patients with lower lip mucoceles for patient characteristics, clinical features, and histopathologic findings.
(5) One type of antral mucocele, commonly seen in Japan, is referred to as a postoperative maxillary cyst and is identical to the surgical ciliated cyst of the maxilla originally reported by Gregory and Shafer.
(6) Myxoglobulosis is a rare morphologic variant of appendiceal mucocele characterized by intraluminal mucinous globules of the appendix.
(7) To elucidate the role of inflammation, mucocele fragments and fibroblasts cultured from them were examined in vitro to assess prostaglandin E2 synthesis.
(8) A craniotomy followed by a bilateral external ethmoidectomy was necessary for complete extirpation of the infected mucoceles.
(9) To our knowledge, this study describes the first case of multiple intracranial mucoceles secondary to E rostratum.
(10) Epithelial-lined sialocysts of the minor oral salivary glands are rare when compared with the common mucous retention phenomenon or mucocele.
(11) No correlation between a particular pathological condition of the gallbladder (acute cholecystitis, mucocele, chronic cholecystitis, cholesterolosis) and staining pattern or intensity of staining was found for any of the apolipoproteins, although both apolipoproteins AI and AII stained more intensely than apolipoprotein B in each group.
(12) Bone was thicker on the mucocele side than on the control side.
(13) Four patients with laryngeal mucocele (fluid-filled laryngocele) are described.
(14) Seven examples of mucocele of the sphenoid sinus have been described.
(15) A 47-year-old right-handed woman suffered an accidental dural perforation in the course of intranasal drainage of a right-sided sphenoid mucocele.
(16) Floating cells also gave positive CEA staining, whereas epithelial fragments and connective tissue in the mucocele wall were lacking in CEA.
(17) Mucoceles form if the nasofrontal duct is obstructed, if mucosa is inadequately removed during obliteration and, in some instances, where islands of mucosa are isolated by mucosal laceration.
(18) The authors document two cases of mucocele-like tumors to illustrate the difficulty in separating these lesions from colloid carcinoma on the basis of fine-needle aspiration biopsy.
(19) The treatment of mucoceles by the Lynch-Howarth frontoethmoidectomy has been criticized because of a high rate of recurrence and postoperative complications.
(20) We have presented a rare case of bilateral posterior sphenoethmoidal sinus mucoceles with bilateral compressive optic neuropathy.