(n.) A small circumscribed tumor of the eyelid caused by retention of secretion, and by inflammation of the Melbomian glands.
(1) We describe a technique of chalazion excision in which multiple vertical incisions spaced approximately 1 mm apart are used to provide wide exposure of the chalazion.
(2) A 34-year-old patient suffered a sudden and permanent loss of vision due to segmental optic atrophy prior to a chalazion excision under local anesthesia in the right upper and lower lids, with 2 ml Novocain 2%.
(3) The use of a small trephine for chalazion surgery or tarsal biopsy is described.
(4) Total resolution of chalazion was achieved in 47 of 50 patients.
(5) Histologic examination of excised "chalazion"-material must be considered mandatory in all patients with a typical symptomatology, recurrence at the same site, high age, unilateral therapy-resistant keratoconjunctivities and involved regional lymphnodes.
(6) The average clinical course revealed that approximately 50% of chalazions can be expected to be cured or improved with medical treatment within 1 month.
(7) CO2 laser excision of chalazion can be done successfully in the office with minimal to no bleeding and with complete extirpation of the granulomous tissue.
(8) The diagnosis of the often occurring "chalazion" usually puts no problems in diagnostic and therapeutical view.
(9) The authors describe some cases, where during a longer period of time the malignant character of the disease was not diagnosed due to the misdiagnosed "chalazion".
(10) The results highlight what ophthalmologists consider to be problems in chalazion management and suggest that a chalazion operation should be treated with the same respect given any other operation.
(11) The first was derived from a lung primary diagnosed two months prior and presented as a solitary tender mass mimicking an acutely inflamed recurrent chalazion.
(12) The operation is performed with the use of a Chalazion forceps (Desmarres) which steps all bleeding.
(13) The following are typical problems which may require routine referral: Persistence of the problem not relieved by simple measures, Recurrent disorders of uncertain diagnosis, Eyelid swelling such as chalazion, cysts, basal cell carcinoma, Gradual loss of vision, for example cataract, macular degeneration.
(14) Space-occupying processes in the eyelids can either be due to lesions which are specific for the eyelids, such as a chalazion or a meibomian carcinoma, or to non-specific lesions of the skin or ocular adnexa.
(15) An eight-year-old boy underwent reexcision of an upper lid chalazion under general anesthesia.
(16) The intramuscular injection of CLDM-2-P, 300 approximately 1800 mg daily, against suppurative ocular infections revealed excellent effects on cases of external hordeolum, acute chalazion, lid abscess, orbital phlegmone, corneal infiltration, corneal ulcer, and iridocyclitis purulenta.
(17) Thus immunohistochemical staining for ACE may be of help in differentiating conjunctival granulomatous tissue of a chalazion from sarcoid granuloma.
(18) There is no need for eyelid eversion or compression with a chalazion clamp.
(19) Both clinically and histologically, sebaceous carcinoma may masquerade as benign or less invasive conditions such as chalazion, blepharitis, conjunctivitis, meibomitis, superior limbic keratoconjunctivitis, basal cell carcinoma and carcinoma in situ, resulting in delayed diagnosis and treatment.
(20) Neoplastic proliferation of the meibomian glands is most often characterized by a tarsal tumor of the eyelid conjunctiva, having the clinical appearance of a chalazion.
(n.) See Sty, a boil.
(1) Clegg rejected the suggestion that the riots were the fulfilment of his prediction, made prior to the election, that there would be Greek-stye riots over the Tory cuts plans.
(2) Surgical trauma preceded the development of two lesions in one patient and a second patient presented with a positive history of recurrent styes, a chalazion, and a questionable history of trauma to the lid.