(a.) Existing at, or dating from, birth; pertaining to one from birth; born with one; connate; constitutional; natural; as, a congenital deformity. See Connate.
(1) The origin of the aorta and pulmonary artery from the right ventricle is a complicated and little studied congenital cardiac malformation.
(2) Cor triatriatum (CT) is a rare congenital defect, surgically correctable, and sometimes difficult to diagnose by cardiac catheterization.
(3) The position of the cyst supports the theory that branchial cysts are congenital in origin.
(4) In addition, congenital anemias such as sickle cell disease can impact on the health of the mother and fetus.
(5) A case of congenital subglottic fibroma is presented.
(6) Congenitally deficient plasmas were used as the substrate for the measurement of procoagulant activities in a one-stage clotting assay.
(7) Attempts to eliminate congenital dislocation of the hip by detecting it early have not been completely successful.
(8) Instead of later renal failure and, of course, mental retardation, it was the histological features of the fetus eyes which permit to diagnose and exhibit both congenital cataract and irido-corneal angle dysgenesis.
(9) In the interim, sonographic studies during pregnancy in women at risk for AIDS may be helpful in identifying fetal intrauterine growth retardation and may help raise our level of suspicion for congenital AIDS.
(10) After early repair of congenital cardiovascular defects, such as coarctation of the aorta, late stenosis may become a problem.
(11) This study examines the morphology of sporadic congenital microphthalmia in 1-day-old chicks, with particular emphasis on the neural retina.
(12) It is usually associated with a left superior caval vein draining into the coronary sinus and is frequently part of a complex congenital malformation of the heart.
(13) Aplasia of the trachea associated with multiple congenital anomalies is described in a stillborn male foetus with single umbilical artery.
(14) Neuromuscular disorders in small animals include a diverse group of congenital and acquired diseases.
(15) Urologic evaluation of all patients with congenital scoliosis is recommended; however, diagnostic ultrasonographic evaluations of the urinary tract have proven to be an acceptable alternative as an initial screening modality.
(16) These examinations are used in the evaluation of congenital heart disease for preoperative planning and postoperative evaluation.
(17) Further management of the congenital cases was based on the experience that children outgrow this disorder; periodic dilatation may augment the natural process.
(18) Congenital defect of a cervical pedicle produces a rare clinical syndrome with a characteristic X-ray picture associated with vague clinical signs often accentuated after trauma.
(19) We document four patients, including two sibs, with asphyxiating thoracic dystrophy and mild congenital hydrocephalus.
(20) A case of mixed congenital abnormalities in a fetus demonstrated ultrasonographically during the second trimester of pregnancy in an uncontrolled insulin-dependent diabetic mother is presented.
(imp. & p. p.) of Inherit
(1) Alleles in this region can be exchanged between X and Y chromosomes and are therefore inherited as if autosomal.
(2) Seven males have been observed carrying both inherited tritan and red-green defects.
(3) Pedigree studies have suggested that there may be an inherited predisposition to many apparently nonfamilial colorectal cancers and a genetic model of tumorigenesis in common colorectal cancer has been proposed that includes the activation of dominantly acting oncogenes and the inactivation of growth suppressor genes.
(4) In neither case has a significant elevation in inherited genetic effects or cancer been detected in the offspring of exposed individuals.
(5) When power-transformed scores are used to eliminate skewness, there is evidence for one distribution and it is not possible to distinguish single gene from multifactorial (polygenic or cultural) inheritance.
(6) Asymptomatic relatives that have inherited the disease probably can be detected with this method.
(7) This recently reported inherited syndrome should be recognized by pathologists because of major risk of cardiac myxoma.
(8) This situation highlights the potential importance of molecules with different inheritance patterns in elucidating complex cases of reticulate evolution.
(9) Approximately 20 inherited disorders of kidney transport occurring in man have so far been defined.
(10) Neurospora crassa mitochondrial deoxyribonucleic acid shows strict uniparental inheritance in sexual crosses, with a notable absence of mixtures and recombinant types that appear frequently in heteroplasmons.
(11) The overall results indicate an inherited impairment of 3-HSD activity confined only to C-21 steroid substrates and, thus, suggest the existence of at least two 3-HSD isoenzymes under independent genetic regulation.
(12) About one out of three profoundly deaf children has an autosomal recessive form of inherited deafness.
(13) In considering nutrition and circadian rhythms, time-of-eating behavior is an inherited, genetically controlled pattern that can be phase-shifted by conditioning or training.
(14) Given the financial crisis this government inherited, we had no choice but to make significant savings.
(15) The pupils at the Royal Blind School, Edinburgh, were surveyed and it was found that 40% of the 100 pupils had definitely inherited severe eye disease.
(16) However, as the males have not reproduced, it is not possible to rule out X-linked dominant inheritance.
(17) However, family members born at 50% risk can find out if they have inherited the mutant gene only if family analyses are possible.
(18) Proposed models for the inheritance of locus-specific methylation phenotypes in somatic cells include those in which there is stable inheritance of a methylation pattern such that all cells contain a similarly methylated locus, as well as models in which the inheritance of methylation can be variable.
(19) It inherited an economy that was growing quite strongly but activity came to an abrupt halt last autumn and has flatlined ever since.
(20) An autosomal recessive mode of inheritance of this deficiency was found.