(n.) That which is contributed; -- either the portion which an individual furnishes to the common stock, or the whole which is formed by the gifts of individuals.
(n.) An irregular and arbitrary imposition or tax leved on the people of a town or country.
(n.) Payment, by each of several jointly liable, of a share in a loss suffered or an amount paid by one of their number for the common benefit.
(1) The results indicated that neuropsychological measures may serve to broaden the concept of intelligence and that a brain-related criterion may contribute to a fuller understanding of its nature.
(2) CT appears to yield important diagnostic contribution to preoperative staging.
(3) In contrast, resting cells of strain CHA750 produced five times less IAA in a buffer (pH 6.0) containing 1 mM-L-tryptophan than did resting cells of the wild-type, illustrating the major contribution of TSO to IAA synthesis under these conditions.
(4) Clinical surveillance, repeated laboratory tests, conventional radiology, and especially ultrasonography and CT scan all contributed to the preoperative diagnosis.
(5) Use of the improved operative technique contributed to reduction in number of complications.
(6) Thus adrenaline, via pre- and post-junctional adrenoceptors, may contribute to enhanced vascular smooth muscle contraction, which most likely is sensitized by the elevated intracellular calcium concentration.
(7) Together these observations suggest that cytotactin is an endogenous cell surface modulatory protein and provide a possible mechanism whereby cytotactin may contribute to pattern formation during development, regeneration, tumorigenesis, and wound healing.
(8) Time-series analysis and multiple-regression modeling procedures were used to characterize changes in the overall incidence rate over the study period and to describe the contribution of additional measures to the dynamics of the incidence rates.
(9) They suggest that an endogenous retinoid could contribute to positional information in the early Xenopus embryo.
(10) The 36-year-old teacher at an inner-city London primary school earns £40,000 a year and contributes £216 a month to her pension.
(11) The dangers caused by PM10s was highlighted in the Rogers review of local authority regulatory services, published in 2007, which said poor air quality contributed to between 12,000 and 24,000 premature deaths each year.
(12) The diseases of airways had the highest contribution to the coefficient of morbidity.
(13) Each patient contributed only once to each phase (105 in phase 1, 107 in phase 2), but some entered both phases on separate occasions.
(14) Although the relative contributions of different fuels varies greatly in different organisms, in none is there a simple reliance on stored ATP.
(15) It was concluded that the spheno-occipital complex has a close relationship to the skeletal facial pattern and contributes to the facial formation.
(16) We conclude that both exogenously applied PAF by inhalation and antigen exposure are capable of inducing LAR in sensitized guinea pigs, and thus the priming effect of immunization and PAF may contribute to the development of LAR observed in asthma.
(17) We investigated the possible contribution made by oropharyngeal microfloral fermentation of ingested carbohydrate to the generation of the early, transient exhaled breath hydrogen rise seen after carbohydrate ingestion.
(18) In addition, recent studies have not confirmed previous observations that diuretic-induced hypokalaemia increases ventricular ectopy or contributes to sudden death.
(19) "We have peace in Sierra Leone now, and Tony Blair made a huge contribution to that," said Warrant Officer Abu Bakerr Kamara.
(20) This article, a review of factors controlling vasopressin (AVP) release in pregnancy, extends our contribution to a symposium in this journal published in 1987 (vol X, pp 270-275).
(n.) A charge, especially a pecuniary burden which is imposed by authority.
(n.) A charge or burden laid upon persons or property for the support of a government.
(n.) Especially, the sum laid upon specific things, as upon polls, lands, houses, income, etc.; as, a land tax; a window tax; a tax on carriages, and the like.
(n.) A sum imposed or levied upon the members of a society to defray its expenses.
(n.) A task exacted from one who is under control; a contribution or service, the rendering of which is imposed upon a subject.
(n.) A disagreeable or burdensome duty or charge; as, a heavy tax on time or health.
(n.) Charge; censure.
(n.) A lesson to be learned; a task.
(n.) To subject to the payment of a tax or taxes; to impose a tax upon; to lay a burden upon; especially, to exact money from for the support of government.
(n.) To assess, fix, or determine judicially, the amount of; as, to tax the cost of an action in court.
(n.) To charge; to accuse; also, to censure; -- often followed by with, rarely by of before an indirect object; as, to tax a man with pride.
(1) Virtually every developed country has some form of property tax, so the idea that valuing residential property is uniquely difficult, or that it would be widely evaded, is nonsense.
(2) Not only do they give employers no reason to turn them into proper jobs, but mini-jobs offer workers little incentive to work more because then they would have to pay tax.
(3) Paradoxically, each tax holiday increases the need for the next, because companies start holding ever greater amounts of their tax offshore in the expectation that the next Republican government will announce a new one.
(4) But the wounding charge in 2010 has become Brown's creation of a structural hole in the budget, more serious than the cyclical hit which the recession made in tax receipts, at least 4% of GDP.
(5) We want to be sure that the country that’s providing all the infrastructure and support to the business is the one that reaps the reward by being able to collect the tax,” he said.
(6) Meanwhile, reductions in tax allowances on dividends for company shareholders from £5,000 down to £2,000 represent another dent to the incomes of many business owners.
(7) Brown's model, which goes far further than those from any other senior Labour figure, and the modest new income tax powers for Holyrood devised when he was prime minister, edge the party much closer to the quasi-federal plans championed by the Liberal Democrats.
(8) Writing in the Observer , Schmidt said his company's accounts were complicated but complied with international taxation treaties that allowed it to pay most of its tax in the United States.
(9) "There is a serious risk that a deal will be agreed between rich countries and tax havens that would leave poor countries out in the cold.
(10) Photograph: Guardian The research also compiled data covered by a wider definition of tax haven, including onshore jurisdictions such as the US state of Delaware – accused by the Cayman islands of playing "faster and looser" even than offshore jurisdictions – and the Republic of Ireland, which has come under sustained pressure from other EU states to reform its own low-tax, light-tough, regulatory environment.
(11) Cameron also used the speech to lambast one of the central announcements in the budget - raising the top rate of tax for people earning more than £150,000 to 50p from next year.
(12) It ignores the reduction in the wider, non-NHS cost of adult mental illness such as benefit payments and forgone tax, calculated by the LSE report as £28bn a year.
(13) The issue has been raised by an accountant investigating the tax affairs of the duchy – an agricultural, commercial and residential landowner.
(14) Proposals to increase the tax on high-earning "non-domiciled" residents in Britain were watered down today, after intense lobbying from the business community.
(15) We know that several hundred thousand investors are likely to want to access their pension pots in the first weeks and months after the start of the new tax year.
(16) Profit for the second quarter was £27.8m before tax but the club’s astronomical debt under the Glazers’ ownership stands at £322.1m, a 6.2% decrease on the 2014 level of £343.4m.
(17) "The Republic genuinely wishes Northern Ireland well and that includes the 12.5% corporate tax rate," he said.
(18) Initial analysis suggests that about one-fifth of gross costs would be directly returned to the public purse via income tax and national insurance payments.
(19) Gordon Brown believes that the fact of the G20 summit has persuaded many tax havens, such as Switzerland and Liechtenstein, to indicate that they will adopt a more open approach.
(20) This includes cutting corporation tax to 20%, the lowest in the G20, and improving our visa arrangements with a new mobile visa service up and running in Beijing and Shanghai and a new 24-hour visa service on offer from next summer.