(n.) The transparent part of the coat of the eyeball which covers the iris and pupil and admits light to the interior. See Eye.
(1) Displacement of the surface of the cornea of bovine eyes after disruption of intact structures was investigated by means of holographic interferometry.
(2) The patient, a 12 year-old boy, showed a soft white yellowish mycotic excrescence with clear borders which had followed the introduction of a small piece of straw into the cornea.
(3) Increased amounts of laminin in the basal epithelium of the cornea and of collagen type III in the stroma and subepithelial components of the stroma were observed.
(4) We report on a membrane inflation method of wound spreading in intact human corneas using the Baribeau Micronscope.
(5) When 5 corneas with quiescent HSK were cultured in vitro, 3 again became HSV antigen positive.
(6) Corneas of bullfrog (Rana catesbeiana) were mounted between lucite chambers.
(7) The eye is of the closed vesicle type and is composed of retina, cornea, vitreous body, lens and optic nerve.
(8) The steps in the model are the drug elimination rate in the precornea and anterior chamber, the rate of drug dissolution, the rate of drug penetration into the cornea, and the rate of drug transport into the aqueous humor.
(9) Gas trapping and corneal edema were not observed in uncovered corneas or corneas covered with membrane lenses.
(10) Since lymphocytic cells in intimate contact with degenerating keratocytes have previously been identified in the cornea, these observations provide a basis for the view that cell-mediated immunopathogenesis is involved in the etiology of herpetic stromal keratitis.
(11) Lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) levels and subunit isozyme patterns in cornea were monitored in 36 albino rabbits wearing thick, rigid, gas-permeable contact lenses for periods of 24 h, 2 and 7 days, and 1 and 3 months.
(12) Calculations of energies of activation, taken from Arrhenius plots, indicate that the diffusion of drug across the cornea may be by two different mechanisms that depend on the physical-chemical characteristics of the perfusant.
(13) The mean in the newborn-to-6-month-old group was 47.59 D; in the 12-18-month-old group it had decreased to 45.56 D. The cornea appears to stabilize at about 54 months, with an average reading of 42.69 D. Evaluation of 11 eyes diagnosed as having persistent hyperplastic primary vitreous revealed that eyes with this diagnosis generally have steeper corneas than normal eyes at any given age.
(14) There was no significant difference in the wound-healing rate, but at 36 hours there was a reduction in wound-healing rate of the excimer ablated corneas.
(15) More importantly, this study reports the first detection of LAT in RNA extracted from 9% of corneas from latently infected rabbits (n = 22) by the polymerase chain reaction.
(16) Cat corneas were stored at refrigerator temperatures in M-K medium (TC-199, 5% dextran), modified M-K medium (TC-199, 1% chondroitin sulfate), or on the intact globe in moist chambers for intervals of one to nine days.
(17) Pterygia, triangular sheets of fibrovascular tissue that invade the cornea, have recurrence rates of 30% to 50% with currently available surgical procedures.
(18) Rabbit corneas grown in organ culture (24 well plate) were inoculated topically with 50 microliters (5 x 10(5) pfu) of different ocular adenoviral serotypes (ATCC and clinical isolates).
(19) A recipient cornea gradually developed wrinkling and opacification in Bowman's layer following an uneventful myopic epikeratoplasty.
(20) In neurological diseases the hyposensitivity could include the cornea, conjunctiva and lid margin.
(imp. & p. p.) of Corn
(1) Previous attempts to purify this enzyme from the liquid endosperm of kernels of Zea mays (sweet corn) were not entirely successful owing to the lability of partially purified preparations during column chromatography.
(2) First, it has diverted grain away from food for fuel, with over a third of US corn now used to produce ethanol and about half of vegetable oils in the EU going towards the production of biodiesel.
(3) Dry matter and starch intakes were greater when corn was fed than when barley was fed.
(4) Development of folate deficiency was evaluated in young chicks fed diets containing corn and soybean meal as major constituents.
(5) Changes in haemolymph juvenile hormone (JH) concentrations of larvae of the southwestern corn borer, Diatraea grandiosella, were used to estimate the activity of the corpora allata.
(6) In Experiment 1, chicks 24 days old were fed mixtures of untreated and inoculated corn containing citrinin to provide 0, 50, 100, 150, 200, and 250 micrograms of the toxin per gram of blended corn.
(7) Mice administered chloroform in corn oil displayed a significant degree of diffuse parenchymal degeneration (5 of 10 males and 1 of 10 females) and mild to moderate early cirrhosis (5 of 10 males and 9 of 10 females); significant pathological lesions were not observed in the animals administered corn oil without chloroform nor in mice receiving chloroform in 2% Emulphor.
(8) Ammoniation of corn, peanuts, cottonseed, and meals to alter the toxic and carcinogenic effects of aflatoxin contamination has been the subject of intense research effort by scientists in various government agencies and universities, both in the United States and abroad.
(9) It was found that ammoniation inactivated the aflatoxins and reduced the carcinogenicity of the contaminated corn to a level that was not significantly different from that with the basal control diet.
(10) Ribosome-inactivating proteins were found in high amounts in one line of cells of Phytolacca americana (pokeweed) cultured in vitro and, in less quantity, in lines of Saponaria officinalis (soapwort) and of Zea mays (corn) cells.
(11) Two-day-old poults were fed diets containing no added fat [44.6% starch, 2.2% ether extract by weight (HC)], 10% tallow (T), or 10% corn oil [(CO) 29.0% starch, 10.9% ether extract].
(12) Free fatty acids from both coconut and corn oils reduced diet palatability and intake; those from tallow and coconut oil markedly interfered (in vitro) with rennet clotting of milk replacers.
(13) They dealt in dozens of different commodities – from major grains such as wheat and sorghum to specialised food aid products such as corn-soy blend.
(14) Rats fed tryptophan-poor corn diets have reduced levels of brain serotonin and show increased responsiveness to electric shock.
(15) Percent apparent digestibilities for DM, NDF, and N for corn and corn-sunflower were similar and greater than for sunflower: DM (69.6, 68.2, 57.4); NDF (68.1, 61.5, 51.6); and N (66.3, 66.5, 63.6).
(16) Compared to fiber-free, feeding corn bran increased binding in the duodenum 30% and ileum 50% but decreased binding in the jejunum 44%, and feeding guar gum increased binding in the colon 73% but decreased binding in the jejunum 40%.
(17) Corn oil feeding decreased the transcriptional rate.
(18) Rats whose diet was restricted in calories by 40% exhibited no mammary tumors (coconut oil as primary dietary fat) or 75% fewer tumors (corn oil as dietary fat) compared to ad libitum-fed controls; they also exhibited 47% fewer colonic tumors.
(19) Anthracene, chrysene, benzo(e)pyrene and perylene did not significantly suppress the antibody-forming cell response compared to the corn oil vehicle controls.
(20) Acarbose significantly reduced the satiety effect of corn starch in lean rats (p less than 0.001), and further attenuated satiety in obese rats (p less than 0.02).