(1) Glucagon concentrations are higher in corpulent rats than lean rats at 3 months of age and decrease progressively with age.
(2) The traditionally larger meals of the day (lunch and dinner) represented higher proportions of daily intake in fat and obese children; the energy value of breakfast and afternoon snack was inversely related to corpulence.
(3) IBAT weights, IBAT:BW ratios, and IBAT cell number of corpulent greater than lean, and were greater than with SU than CS diet in both phenotypes.
(4) In the corpulent rat, both lipase- and chymotrypsinogen-specific activities and both the specific activities and the content of amylase or trypsinogen were lower than those of lean littermates.
(5) About one-third of our postmastectomy patients are corpulent, middle-aged women with "Mediterranean" body structures.
(6) The present studies were designed to estimate fetal weight on the basis of the thesis that the factors which determine body weight include the fetal bone and the amount of fetal soft tissue, i.e., fetal corpulence.
(7) Phenotype effects (corpulent greater than lean) were present for fat pad weight, adipocyte number, and adipocyte lipid content in the dorsal (DOR) and retroperitoneal (RP) WAT depots.
(8) Final body weights of corpulent rats were 2-3 times those of their lean littermates, and were greater with SU than MS diet in both phenotypes.
(9) Corpulent rats as compared to their lean littermates are obese, hyperlipidemic, and severely hyperinsulinemic, and show an age-dependent loss of glucose tolerance.
(10) This congenic strain of the Lister and Albany rat is normotensive, corpulent, and hyperlipidemic when homozygous for the corpulent (cp) gene derived from the Koletsky strain.
(11) Exercise caused a modest but significant increase in both total and high density lipoprotein cholesterol in both corpulent and lean rats.
(12) Restricting caloric intake significantly reduced the body weight gain of the obese rats but had little effect on the extent of their corpulence.
(13) There was a statistically significant association of carbohydrate metabolism disturbance with increasing age and corpulence and, in women, with hyperuricaemia and morphological alterations of the liver.
(14) The corpulence categories (non-obese, mildly obese and massively obese) were defined on the basis of NHANES II.
(15) Sedentary corpulent rats showed a rapid rise in systolic pressure from 107 mmHg at 7 weeks to 128 mmHg at 11 weeks.
(16) There were more D cells per islet in corpulent than in lean rats up to 9 mo.
(17) The effects of D-fenfluramine were studied in the JCR:LA-corpulent rat that is grossly obese, hyperphagic, hyperlipidaemic, hyperinsulinaemic and atherosclerosis-prone.
(18) Ethanol consumption was associated with elevated fasting glucose concentrations in both lean and corpulent rats and a strong decrease in fasting insulin levels and pancreatic B-cell volume density in the hyperinsulinemic corpulent rats.
(19) The activity in the heart increased with age and was higher in the corpulent rats than in the lean at all ages.
(20) Acute cold exposure (5 degrees C) resulted in decreases in rectal but not colonic temperature in lean rats fed both diets, but resulted in lower temperatures at both sites in corpulent rats, with the greatest decreases being observed in the starch fed corpulent rats.
(n.) A large tub, cistern, or vessel; a vat.
(n.) A measure of quantity, differing for different commodities.
(superl.) Abounding with fat
(superl.) Fleshy; characterized by fatness; plump; corpulent; not lean; as, a fat man; a fat ox.
(superl.) Oily; greasy; unctuous; rich; -- said of food.
(superl.) Exhibiting the qualities of a fat animal; coarse; heavy; gross; dull; stupid.
(superl.) Fertile; productive; as, a fat soil; a fat pasture.
(superl.) Rich; producing a large income; desirable; as, a fat benefice; a fat office; a fat job.
(superl.) Abounding in riches; affluent; fortunate.
(superl.) Of a character which enables the compositor to make large wages; -- said of matter containing blank, cuts, or many leads, etc.; as, a fat take; a fat page.
(n.) An oily liquid or greasy substance making up the main bulk of the adipose tissue of animals, and widely distributed in the seeds of plants. See Adipose tissue, under Adipose.
(n.) The best or richest productions; the best part; as, to live on the fat of the land.
(n.) Work. containing much blank, or its equivalent, and, therefore, profitable to the compositor.
(a.) To make fat; to fatten; to make plump and fleshy with abundant food; as, to fat fowls or sheep.
(v. i.) To grow fat, plump, and fleshy.
(1) This effect was more marked in breast cancer patients which may explain our earlier finding that women with upper body fat localization are at increased risk for developing breast cancer.
(2) After a period on fat-rich diet the patient's physical fitness was increased and the recovery period after the acute load was shorter.
(3) In the clinical trials in which there was complete substitution of fat-modified ruminant foods for conventional ruminant products the fall in serum cholesterol was approximately 10%.
(4) To estimate the age of onset of these differences, and to assess their relationship to abdominal and gluteal adipocyte size, we measured adiposity, adipocyte size, and glucose and insulin concentrations during a glucose tolerance test in lean (less than 20% body fat), prepubertal children from each race.
(5) High radioactivities were observed in the digestive organs, mesenteric lymphnodes, liver, pancreas, urinary bladder, fat tissue, kidney and spleen after oral administration to rats.
(6) There were few significant differences between high polyunsaturated (safflower oil) and saturated fat (lard) diet groups.
(7) Protein composition was determined in mesenteric lymph chylomicrons from fat-fed rats.
(8) The relationship of weight history with current fat distribution was also explored.
(9) The heterogeneity of obesity may be demonstrated by the shape of fat distribution and the prolactin response to insulin hypoglycaemia.
(10) Dietary factors affect intestinal P450s markedly--iron restriction rapidly decreased intestinal P450 to beneath detectable values; selenium deficiency acted similarly but was less effective; Brussels sprouts increased intestinal AHH activity 9.8-fold, ECOD activity 3.2-fold, and P450 1.9-fold; fried meat and dietary fat significantly increased intestinal EROD activity; a vitamin A-deficient diet increased, and a vitamin A-rich diet decreased intestinal P450 activities; and excess cholesterol in the diet increased intestinal P450 activity.
(11) I usually use them as a rag with which to clean the toilet but I didn’t have anything else to wear today because I’m so fat.” While this exchange will sound baffling to outsiders, to Brits it actually sounds like this: “You like my dress?
(12) Assuming 1 kg LBM to contain 52.1 mmol potassium, the mean LBM was 3028 g in the I-NSM and 2739 in the I-SM; mean fat mass was similar in both groups.
(13) Cholestyramine resin was beneficial in reducing stool bulk but had no substantial effect on fat absorption.
(14) This study examined the association between diet composition, particularly dietary fat intake, and body-fat percentage in 205 adult females.
(15) With both approaches, carbohydrate and fat had little influence whereas egg albumin had a significant inhibitory effect on the absorption of nonheme iron.
(16) Computed Tomography was used to demonstrate the increased retro-orbital fat.
(17) The results obtained on fat cell membranes from abdominal subcutaneous adipose tissue demonstrated the following.
(18) The latter appears to reflect methodological problems since both fat-free determinations depend upon TBW rather than somatic proteins.
(19) There were no relationships between blood pressure and calorie-adjusted intakes of fats, carbohydrates, sodium, potassium, calcium or magnesium.
(20) As with alloplastic orbital implant extrusions in enucleated sockets, autogeneous dermis fat grafts can be useful in managing extrusions in previously eviscerated sockets.