(superl.) In its natural state; not cooked or prepared by fire or heat; undressed; not altered, refined, or prepared for use by any artificial process; raw; as, crude flesh.
(superl.) Unripe; not mature or perfect; immature.
(superl.) Not reduced to order or form; unfinished; not arranged or prepared; ill-considered; immature.
(superl.) Undigested; unconcocted; not brought into a form to give nourishment.
(superl.) Having, or displaying, superficial and undigested knowledge; without culture or profundity; as, a crude reasoner.
(superl.) Harsh and offensive, as a color; tawdry or in bad taste, as a combination of colors, or any design or work of art.
(1) Life expectancy and the infant mortality rate are considered more useful from an operational perspective and for comparisons than is the crude death rate because they are not influenced by age structure.
(2) While the reduced form of the "derived" polyphenolic compounds, generated during tissue homogenization, appeared to enhance dye binding with bovine serum albumin, their influence on the protein assay directly in crude homogenates was extremely diverse.
(3) Slight cross-reactivity was apparent when crude preparations of cellular or culture filtrate antigens, used in this laboratory to detect antibodies to Candida albicans, Coccidioides immitis and Cryptococcus neoformans, were probed with hyperimmune rabbit antisera to A. fumigatus.
(4) The crude survival rate at 5 years was 83.3% (age-adjusted 96%), and at 10 years 53.8%).
(5) VS had a crude topography, and receptive fields of neurons in VS were relatively large.
(6) With [125I-Tyr11]SRIF as a radiolabeled ligand, the specific ligand binding to crude membrane increased transiently in the early phase of postnatal development and then decreased.
(7) Dialyzed crude enzyme extracts from yeast cells were found to destroy diacetyl in a manner quite similar to that of diacetyl reductase from Aerobacter aerogenes, and both the bacterial and the yeast extracts were stimulated significantly by the addition of reduced nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NADH).
(8) A crude extract of Brucella melitensis was obtained by sonication, centrifugation and dialysis, and analyzed by quantitative immunoelectrophoresis.
(9) These results indicate that countercurrent distribution of crude extracts in aqueous two-phase systems is a useful method to study protein-protein interaction.
(10) Optimal myocyte cultures were obtained using serial 0.2% crude trypsin digestions of hearts from 1-2-day-old rats.
(11) Their defect in DNA degradation was shown not only after treatment by toluene but also in crude extracts after cell disintegration by ultrasonic and in untreated starved cultures.
(12) On subfractionation of this crude mitochondrial fraction with continuous sucrose density gradients, most of the activity of the three enzymes was found at a higher density than NAD+-isocitrate dehydrogenase and at about the same density as glutamate dehydrogenase, confirming earlier reported data for acetyl-CoA synthase.
(13) A crude membrane fraction derived from the mutant is unable to synthesize cardiolipin from phosphatidylglycerol in vitro.
(14) DNA membrane complexes from sucrose gradients, as well as the crude M-band preparation and a non-membrane-associated DNA fraction from nuclei can synthesize DNA in vitro without the addition of an external DNA template or DNA polymerase.
(15) Specificity of [125I]hCG binding to other tissues was determined by incubating crude membrane preparations of heart, skeletal muscle, liver, and kidney.
(16) Binding experiments of cyclic AMP on crude extract of dog thyroid lead to the conclusion that the maximal capacity of the specific binding site is close to the cyclic AMP content in resting thyroid cells.
(17) Interaction between these acceptor sites and crude or partially purified estradiol receptor shows a high association constant (over 10(9) M).
(18) The extent of sialomucin adjacent to a primary colorectal cancer does provide a crude assessment of tumour invasiveness and risk of local recurrence.
(19) Effects of 4-aminomethyl-1-benzylpyrrolidin-2-one-hemifumarate (WEB 1881 FU), a novel pyrrolidinone nootropic, on acetylcholine (ACh) receptors and adrenoceptors were investigated using crude membranes of the rat brain.
(20) By immunoaffinity chromatography using the immunoadsorbent, approximately 25% of crude enterotoxin applied was recovered in the eluate.
(1) Analysis of 16S rRNA sequences retrieved as cDNA (16S rcDNA) from the Octopus Spring cyanobacterial mat has permitted phylogenetic characterization of some uncultivated community members, expanding our knowledge or diversity within this microbial community.
(2) • Africa has 60% of the world's total amount of uncultivated arable land.
(3) The socio-economic structure of the village is mainly agropastoral, though, in the last decades, 50% of the ground has been left uncultivated due to emigration and commuting.
(4) Payments to farmers for leaving land uncultivated as a habitat for wildlife are to be brought back under proposals to be announced today by the environment secretary, Hilary Benn.
(5) Although five distinct cell types could be identified with classical stains in the uncultivated glands, the peroxidase-labeled antibody technique (using antibodies against STH, LTH, FSH, LH and TSH) showed that not all of the immune-specific cell types were being identified with the classical stains.
(6) The reasons were as follows: uncultivated green fields, forest herbage and needle-leaves are sufficient sources of game contamination; there exist evident differences between continuous ingestion of contaminated or mixed feed with respect to the cesium contamination of tissues.
(7) Habitats were in abandoned rice fields, uncultivated grazing areas for livestock, roadside ditches and, in one case, an actively worked rice field.
(8) The "set aside" scheme was in effect abandoned two years ago when the European commission announced that the percentage of land that had to be left uncultivated would be zero.
(9) The concentration of 239 + 240Pu in the uncultivated soil was 20 Bq kg-1, which was approximately eight times as high as that in the control districts.
(10) V3 envelope sequences were determined from amplified human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) sequences of uncultivated leukocytes obtained sequentially from four infected adults over the course of infection.
(11) The purpose of this experiment was to isolate the microscopically detectable but uncultivable acid-fast bacilli, using experimental infection system induced in nude mouse.
(12) A wide variety of uncultivated plant foods was eaten in the traditional diet: roots, starchy tubers, seeds, fruits and nuts.
(13) In this study, the distribution of 239 + 240Pu concentration in the uncultivated soil and the transfer factor of 239 + 240Pu to agricultural products in Nishiyama district were examined.
(14) The following tissues from the fetus at risk were investigated by electron microscopy and were found to be free of fingerprint profiles and curvilinear bodies, typical for JNCL: uncultivated amniotic fluid cells, lymphocytes isolated from fetal blood, and fetal skin biopsy specimens.
(15) Mangrove plants on the mudflats perished – the acreage was halved between the 1950s and 2009 – while nearby farming land became uncultivable.
(16) Prenatal diagnosis in those monitored with amniocentesis was carried out with DNA analysis of uncultivated amniocytes (19) or cultivated cells (38).
(17) When I visited last week, a deathly silence reigned, the only noise the chirruping of frogs in uncultivated rice paddies on the edge of town, and the bleeping of my dosimeter.
(18) Direct analysis holds promise for detecting markers of infection due to an uncultivable agent or in clinical specimens that presently require cultures and prolonged incubation to yield an etiologic agent.
(19) The recent awareness and interest in the pharmacology and toxicology of uncultivated mushrooms in North America and Great Britain should encourage continued active research.
(20) In addition to 16S rRNA genes from the marine Synechococcus cluster and the previously identified but uncultivated microbial group, the SAR11 cluster [S. J. Giovannoni, T. B. Britschgi, C. L. Moyer, and K. G. Field.