(n.) A swelling produced by gas or air diffused in the cellular tissue.
(1) We conclude that chronic emphysema produced in dogs by aerosol administration of papain results in elevated pulmonary artery pressure, which is characterized pathologically by medial hypertrophy of small pulmonary arteries.
(2) Until the 1960's there was great confusion, both within and between countries, on the meaning of diagnostic terms such as emphysema, asthma, and chronic brochitis.
(3) We have previously shown that intratracheally instilled silica (quartz) produces both morphologic evidence of emphysema and small-airway changes, and functional evidence of airflow obstruction.
(4) Therefore, the measurement of the alpha-antitrypsin content plays the crucial part in differential diagnosis of primary (hereditary determined) and secondary (obstructive) emphysema.
(5) On HRCT, sequential changes from early edema to development of emphysema were noted.
(6) Chronic bronchitis, mucous hypersecretion, and liver disease, as well as a family history of emphysema, are associated conditions.
(7) Prior sublethal challenge with viable HC did not cause prolonged illness or increased mortality in the setting of emphysema.
(8) The thigh and hip manifestations can obscure the primary intra-abdominal process either due to the obvious emphysema or to the obtunded abdominal signs secondary to associated neuropathy.
(9) Macroscopic and microscopic pulmonary changes were predominantly those of oedema and emphysema.
(10) Cadmium fumes and compounds have been found to be instrumental in the development of some cases of chronic bronchitis and emphysema in Sweden.
(11) A 5-year-old Thoroughbred gelding was examined because of a small axillary wound sustained 5 days earlier and had resulted in extensive subcutaneous emphysema.
(12) In addition, there were 117 hemorrhages (.98% of the cases reported), 22 burns or mechanical injuries of the gastrointestinal tract (.19%), 26 perforations of the uterus (.22%), 44 infections (.37%), 25 skin burns (.21%), and 24 cases of skin or organ emphysema (.2%).
(13) However, select strains of E. coli may cause or contribute to intestinal emphysema in swine.
(14) Three new and 19 previously reported cases of thigh emphysema secondary to bowel disease are reviewed.
(15) This report adds to the number of recorded cases and emphasizes the potential for emphysema with the use of high pressure dental instruments.
(16) Three had idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, 2 had pulmonary emphysema, 1 had bronchiolitis and the other had a sequelae of pulmonary tuberculosis.
(17) Because of the great number of possible irritants and responses, the differentiation of bronchial and extrabronchial obstruction is of great importance for the elderly patient (bronchitis plus emphysema?).
(18) One adult died of liver disease and three of the emphysema patients had liver abnormalities at post mortem.
(19) Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is defined in this chapter, and the relation between its two major components, (a) chronic bronchitis and emphysema and (b) nonremitting asthma, is discussed.
(20) Lorry drivers showed excess deaths from stomach cancer (SMR 141, p less than 0.05), lung cancer (SMR 159, p less than 0.05), bronchitis, emphysema, and asthma (SMR 143, p less than 0.05), a pattern not evident among taxi drivers.
(n.) A condition in which air or other gas is present in the cavity of the chest; -- called also pneumatothorax.
(1) There was one complication (4.8%) from PCD (pneumothorax) and no deaths in this group.
(2) The results of simple aspiration in 30 cases of pneumothorax are presented.
(3) Two complications were observed: one case each of pneumothorax and purulent peritonitis.
(4) No major complication was recorded and a case of asymptomatic pneumothorax resolved spontaneously within 48 hours.
(5) Various methods have so far been used to treat pneumothorax, including rest, needle exsufflation and blind drainage.
(6) In the ECMO patient, cardiac stun syndrome and electromechanical dissociation can be confused with low circuit volume, pneumothorax, or cardiac tamponade.
(7) The relation between smoking habits and the occurrence of spontaneous pneumothorax (SP) was studied in a Swedish population, predominantly urban.
(8) Small pneumothoraces were successfully managed with catheter aspiration for simple pneumothorax in 87% of patients, moderate-sized in 60%, and large in 61%.
(9) Anatomical and functional changes were present in the reexpanded lung after relief of pneumothorax.
(10) The diagnostic criteria of potentially fatal asthma included at least one of the following four potentially fatal asthma events: 1) mechanical ventilation for respiratory arrest or failure, 2) acute respiratory acidosis that did not necessitate mechanical ventilation, 3) two episodes of acute pneumomediastinum or pneumothorax associated with status asthmaticus, 4) two or more hospitalizations for status asthmaticus in spite of long term oral corticosteroids.
(11) Thirty-two (56%) had moderate-severe pulmonary contusions and 44 (77%) required chest tubes for hemo-pneumothorax.
(12) New theories on the etiology and treatment of primary spontaneous and secondary pneumothorax are mentioned.
(13) The complications encountered during MV were sepsis (26.8%), pulmonary haemorrhage (21.9%), congestive heart failure (17.1%), pneumothorax (14.6%) and intraventricular haemorrhage (7.3%).
(14) Conservative management using tetracycline sclerosis was performed with good results in a patient with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome and recurrent pneumothorax.
(15) Patients with pleural effusion, pneumothorax, or ascites showed a significant increase in plasma arginine vasopressin levels, and thoracocentesis or paracentesis resulted in a decrease in these levels.
(16) We recommend this skin incision for young patients with pneumothorax if the chest CT scan confirms that the bullae or blebs are localized to the apex of superior segment of the lower lobe.
(17) Heart rate rose (p less than 0.05) at a pneumothorax of 1,500 ml.
(18) Four of the patients (14 percent) developed a pneumothorax following institution of high PEEP therapy.
(19) Perforation of the oesophagus, as well as a pneumothorax are described as complications of the use of a nasogastric feeding tube.
(20) Readers were prompted by the response forms to evaluate images for the possible occurrence of interstitial diseases, nodules, or pneumothorax.