(n.) An attachment to a microscope, telescope, or other optical instrument, for making the image erect instead of inverted.
(1) With the whole spine flexed, muscle activity in the cervical erector spinae, trapezius and thoracic erector spinae muscles was higher than when the whole spine was straight and vertical.
(2) This technique may minimize the required force in the erector spinae and the forces on the low-back structures.
(3) Twenty chronic back pain patients, 20 patients who suffered from temporomandibular pain and dysfunction, and 20 healthy controls were instructed to produce eight different levels of muscle contraction in either the m. masseter or the m. erector spinae.
(4) The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of two different alignments of the pelvis and three different loads on electromyographic (EMG) activity of the erector spinae and oblique abdominal muscles during squat lifting and lowering.
(5) The distribution of histochemically identified muscle fibre types was studied in biopsy samples from the two main muscles in the lumbar region of the human erector spinae, the multifidus and the longissimus, in 16 healthy subjects (nine males and seven females, age 20-30 years).
(6) The intraabdominal pressure (IAP) and the EMG activity of the oblique abdominal muscles, and of the erector spinae muscle were recorded.
(7) Lumbar muscularity was expressed by two ratios; the ratio between the Acs of the right psoas and the Acs of the intervertebral disc (P:disc), and the ratio between the combined Acs values of the right erector spinae and quadratus lumborum and the Acs of the disc (ESQL:disc).
(8) The purpose of this study was to detect any changes in the erector spinae muscles in patients undergoing surgery for lumbar disc herniation (LDH) and to analyze which factors (sex, age, the level and site of disc protrusion, and duration of symptoms) would be related to these changes.
(9) Fibres taken from erector spinae (Es), plantaris (Plt), diaphragm (Dia) and soleus (Sol) muscles of adult rabbits were pretyped as fast-twitch-glycolytic (FG), fast-twitch-oxidative-glycolytic (FOG), slow-twitch-oxidative (SO) or promiscuous (P) using a combination of histochemical staining and PAGE.
(10) Subsequently, cadaveric dis-sections indicated that the erector spinae muscles are contained within a well-developed fascial sheath.
(11) The demonstration of loss of sweating to indirect body heating, which also is usual suggests that the defect is central or on the efferent side of the reflex and a normal pilo-erector response to acetylcholine confirms this as preganglionic.
(12) In the control specimens taken from the contralateral groin, adrenergic nerves were seen in the erector pili muscles and as networks around arteries and arterioles.
(13) Intramuscular pressure in the erector spinae muscle was measured during exercise with the microcapillary infusion method in 12 highly selected patients with recurrent low-back pain.
(14) Histochemical studies of the thoracic part of the erector spinae muscles in scoliosis have shown a consistently higher proportion of Type 1 fibers on the convex side.
(15) True, a band shouldn't be judged by its name, but they sound like Fleetwood Mac (or, by their own admission, Jethro Tull); whereas with the Nipple Erectors, Slaughter & the Dogs or the Snivelling Shits, you tended to know what to expect.
(16) To evaluate the role of reflexes related to the lumbar proprioceptors in maintenance of body equilibrium, changes in equilibrium function of the eyes and body were observed after unilateral procainization of the lumbar erector muscles.
(17) This process would stabilize the pelvis and permit the erector spinae to extend the trunk more efficiently.
(18) Annulus erector motoneurons, which contain ACh and a peptide resembling FMRFamide, first developed electrical coupling when the two stumps were in contact and then, later, bi-directional chemical transmission.
(19) The erector spinae muscle was found to be heavily loaded during exercise with an average muscle contraction pressure of 175 mm Hg.
(20) Infiltration of the retroperitoneal muscles and an abscess within the erector spinae were also seen.
(a.) In an erect position or posture; perpendicular; vertical, or nearly vertical; pointing upward; as, an upright tree.
(a.) Morally erect; having rectitude; honest; just; as, a man upright in all his ways.
(a.) Conformable to moral rectitude.
(a.) Stretched out face upward; flat on the back.
(n.) Something standing upright, as a piece of timber in a building. See Illust. of Frame.
(1) A significant effect for pirenzepine was seen for episodes greater than 5 min (t = 2.61, P = 0.023) and a trend towards significance was seen for total (upright and supine positions combined) percent time of reflux (t = 2.13, P = 0.055).
(2) Nine patients were admitted to the hospital, placed on a diet containing 150 mEq sodium, and studied for periods of 4 hours, on different days, in the following conditions: (1) supine position, (2) upright posture (UP), (3) UP after 10 mg domperidone, intravenously in bolus, and (4) UP after 3 days of domperidone, 30 mg orally.
(3) Mean arterial pressure rose in upright posture in many cases, but its changes (percentage) showed no correlation with the changes (percentage) in GFR.
(4) The veteran almost had one with the best effort of the first half, a typical drive from the edge of the Stoke penalty area that shaved Thomas Sorensen's left-hand upright, though that possibly said more about the quality of the attacking play in the first half than the dynamism of Scholes's attempt.
(5) Possible mesial root extrusion was found in 60.0% of the uprighted molars.
(6) There was a marked increase in forskolin-stimulated adenylate cyclase activity in the upright posture in both elderly and young subjects.
(7) In 7 multiple pregnancies the changes in maternal and fetal cardiac-circulation parameters resulting from a passive change in presentation from left lateral to steady upright were measured for the duration of pregnancy and the puerperium and compared with corresponding data from a single-fetus collective.
(8) Prediction of change by deviation of the lateral asymmetry index on ISIS examination were compared with measured change on standard upright roentgenograms.
(9) The upright-tilting test was considered positive if syncope developed in association with hypotension or bradycardia, or both.
(10) Aggressive behavior was evoked by introducing a group-housed male mouse (intruder) into the home cage of the isolated or nonisolated mouse (resident).d-Amphetamine, methamphetamine, methylphenidate, cocaine, and L-dopa decreased attack and threat behavior by resident mice, the isolates requiring 2--4 times higher drug doses for the antiaggressive effects than the nonisolates, d-Amphetamine, methamphetamine, and methylphenidate caused intruder mice to be more frequently attacked by their non-treated resident opponents, to escape more often, to assume the defensive upright posture less, and to move about more often.
(11) The numerals were either upright, or inverted, or rotated perpendicular to the arm axis.
(12) An upright chest radiograph revealed a left hydropneumothorax.
(13) The pressure sore resulted from the commonly practised habit of grasping the upright of the wheel chair with the upper arm in order to gain stability.
(14) Konoplyanka had already thudded a free-kick against the upright, with Joe Hart and the entire City defence anticipating a cross, before the Ukraine international opened the scoring on the half-hour, capping off a 10-minute spell of concerted pressure.
(15) Estimation of the microcapillary flow was made both after supine resting and on standing upright.
(16) By changing the monkey's body position (upright, ear-down, supine), postrotatory nystagmus was elicited in the horizontal, vertical, or torsional direction.
(17) The gigantic lintels that bridge the uprights were also elaborately worked to even their size and height.
(18) The role of the vestibulo-spinal system involved in the maintenance of upright standing posture was studied by a time series analysis with a 5-dimensional feedback model.
(19) Overnight supine and 4-h upright PRA, plasma aldosterone, and 24-h urinary tetrahydroaldosterone (THA) and aldosterone secretion rates (ASR) were measured.
(20) The exercise test protocol consisted of pseudorandom binary sequences (PRBS) of workload (W) performed on a bicycle ergometer in the upright position (20 W - 80 W, 15 bits, 30 s per bit; the sequence was repeated three times).