(n.) The science which treats of the division of mankind into races, their origin, distribution, and relations, and the peculiarities which characterize them.
(1) These works from Benin are equal to the very finest examples of European casting technique,” wrote Professor Felix von Luschan , formerly of the Berlin Ethnological Museum.
(2) Skeletal development is influenced by sex and ethnological factors.
(3) The pattern of ischaemic strokes in women aged 15-45 was similar to that observed in Western countries, though our patients differed ethnologically and in dietary habits.
(4) We know from many ethnological field research reports that the medicine man employs in his healing procedures - among other things - dream interpretation, (auto-) hynosis, and healing suggestion, advises the sick, uses imaginative techniques, and initiates group catharsis, i.e.
(5) Neither the model of Oedipal castration anxiety nor the model of culture-specific pathogenicity, commonly adduced in psychiatric and ethnological literature, explain these phenomena.
(6) A survey of the ethnological backgrounds of the individuals reported to date with the Los Angeles variant showed multiple origins that could be explained by an ancient and widespread gene mutation or, more probably, by further biochemical heterogeneity.
(7) So, an ethnological haematology is superimposed on the geographical haematology of which it can modify outlines.
(8) Certain differences emerged in the geographical distribution of these tumours in the Northern and Southern regions of the Sudan-regions which differ both ethnologically and geographically-thus suggesting possible roles played by racial and environmental factors in this respect.
(9) The model developed by Arthur Kleinmann asks for universal validity for every form of medicine and leads by its ethnological view on our medicine to interesting conclusions.
(10) This dearth of information due to lack of local medical personnel could be alleviated by a combined medical and ethnological study.
(11) Yet, its social and demographic implications have not been fully appreciated in ethnological literature, except partially in 1 instance.
(12) To this end an examination was made as to the cultural-historical side with the Christian and stoical tradition as well as to the ethnologic-psychological side, especially with the aspect of inferiority and pride taking into consideration the reflection of these problems in the so-called "generation of 1898".
(13) The cause of death has been reconstructed, using parallels taken from ethnological and forensic medical research.
(14) The use of an ethnological model--the concept of "Guardians of Culture"--allows for the study of the problem from the point of view of a reassessment of self in terms of a cultural role.
(15) From the perspective of psychiatric ethnology, the dybbuk is a culture-bound syndrome viewed as a working alliance between society and a selected group of deviants.
(16) The apocalyptic threat of AIDS, combined with recent ethnological developments, is promoting an anthropological "rediscovery of sex."
(17) This essay is, therefore, an effort to extend the political economy of health into the ethnological domain of community research.
(18) An ethnological controversy over the origin and evolution of decorative art is documented for the period 1896-1904 and is used to test the relevance in anthropology of Thomas Kuhn's outline of the structure of scientific revolutions.
(19) Surgeons and physicians were valued not only for their professional skills in the field, but for the pursuit of botany, zoology and geology, and in many cases for ethnological studies as well.
(20) Of particular significance for ethnology is the finding of two skulls in which the jaws have been replaced before modelling by adapted pigs' mandibles.
(n.) A treatise on morality; ethics.
(n.) The science of the formation of character, national and collective as well as individual.
(1) Ethological methods were employed to gather normative data on social behavior in long stay male inpatients in the ward environment.
(2) For estimating and evaluating the ethological experimental results the concept of the meeting of requirements and avoidance of damage is an important point.
(3) In this article the methods of ethology, or the systematic detailed study of behavior, and its application to clinical nursing research are described.
(4) It is thus difficult to place a single time or place where ethology was born.
(5) Of these, the area where the most utilized is that of the occurred and in which the findings of ethology have been the most utilized is that of the attachment systems.
(6) The spread of fox rabies is greatly favored by the characteristics of the genus Vulpes--ubiquity, broad diet, prolific nature, and its particular ethology and ecology.
(7) Several simple models are developed to calculate expected mating frequencies in ethological isolation experiments.
(8) Our interpretation of these results is that, whereas the DSM-III subtyping primarily reflects illness severity, the ethological profile measures a dimension of depression largely independent from severity, as indicated by the lack of correlation between the HRSD score and the categories of nonverbal behavior.
(9) Taking in account actually directions of research and some original works, several directions of study are presented, connected with the following aspects: topological and functional evolution of taste receptors, developmental evolution and individual differentiation of the gustatory sensation, hereditary determinants of gustatory sensation and their possible relations with other aspects of personnality, ethological, cultural and environmental (both, in the large and restrictive meaning) aspects and their place in reinforcements of alimentary behavior.
(10) Ethological reproductive isolation and genetic divergence across 26 protein loci were measured among populations of the salamander Desmognathus ochrophaeus in the southern Appalachian Mountains.
(11) Ethological considerations suggest that these are appropriate stimulus characteristics for a system controlling approach and avoidance behaviour in an animal such as the rat where predators generally appear from above and prey is found on the ground.
(12) According to ethological procedures and concepts, the author tries to describe the shape and the functional value of stereotyped movements in disabled children.
(13) Although similar statements might be made about almost any field of science, it is in particular true of this field, which represents a kind of mongrel discipline derived from at least three major sources (psychology, embryology, and neuroscience) and several more minor ones (including developmental psychology and psychiatry, psychoanalysis, education, zoology, ethology, and sociology).
(14) There is, however, a growing branch of ethology that is concerned with the application of ethological principles to areas such as the management and welfare of economically important species like poultry.
(15) In addition, an ethologic perspective that synthesizes various etiologic theories, as they relate to homosexuality during adolescence, is briefly reviewed.
(16) It is concluded that ethology has a vital role in increasing our understanding of psychiatric disorders through identifying: characteristics of disorders; selected causes; degree and type of compromised mechanisms; and, intervention effectiveness.
(17) The description of movements as motor acts or patterns was first the task of Ethology.
(18) A curriculum stressing the writings of Tinbergen, Lorenz, Bowlby, and Hailman is presented for possible use in psychiatric training programs interested in teaching an ethological approach to psychiatry.
(19) Applied ethology in general and farm animal ethology in particular have a great importance in connection with animal welfare regulations on a national and international level.
(20) Both ethological methods are sensitive enough to estimate 'no-effect' doses.