(n.) That which infects, or causes the communicated disease; any effluvium, miasm, or pestilential matter by which an infectious disease is caused.
(n.) The state of being infected; contamination by morbific particles; the result of infecting influence; a prevailing disease; epidemic.
(n.) That which taints or corrupts morally; as, the infection of vicious principles.
(n.) Contamination by illegality, as in cases of contraband goods; implication.
(n.) Sympathetic communication of like qualities or emotions; influence.
(1) In January 2011, the Nobel peace prize laureate was admitted to a Johannesburg hospital for what officials initially described as tests but what turned out to be an acute respiratory infection .
(2) Herpesviruses such as EBV, HSV, and human herpes virus-6 (HHV-6) have a marked tropism for cells of the immune system and therefore infection by these viruses may result in alterations of immune functions, leading at times to a state of immunosuppression.
(3) In conclusion, the efficacy of free tissue transfer in the treatment of osteomyelitis is geared mainly at enabling the surgeon to perform a wide radical debridement of infected and nonviable soft tissue and bone.
(4) HSV I infection of the hand classically occurs in children with herpetic stomatitis and in health care workers infected during patient care delivery.
(5) Disseminated CMV infection with multiorgan involvement was evident in 7 of 9 at postmortem examination.
(6) The HBV infection was tested by the reversed passive hemagglutination method for the HBsAg and by the passive hemagglutination method for the anti-HBs at the time of recruitment in 1984.
(7) The extent of the infectious process was limited, however, because the life span of the cultures was not significantly shortened, the yields of infectious virus per immunofluorescent cell were at all times low, and most infected cells contained only a few well-delineated small masses of antigen, suggestive of an abortive infection.
(8) Thus, saponin and ammonium chloride can be used to isolate whole infected erythrocytes, depleted of hemoglobin, by selective disruption of uninfected cells.
(9) The promoters of the adenovirus 2 major late gene, the mouse beta-globin gene, the mouse immunoglobulin VH gene and the LTR of the human T-lymphotropic retrovirus type I were tested for their transcription activities in cell-free extracts of four cell lines; HeLa, CESS (Epstein-Barr virus-transformed human B cell line), MT-1 (HTLV-I-infected human T cell line without viral protein synthesis), and MT-2 (HTLV-I-infected human T cell line producing viral proteins).
(10) Even though attempts to generalize the data from childbearing women to women of childbearing age have an inherent conservative bias, the results of our study suggest that 988 women (95% CI 713 to 1336) aged 15 to 44 years in Quebec had HIV infection in 1989.
(11) 119 representatives of this population were checked in their sexual contacts; of these, 13 persons proved to be infected with HIV.
(12) Patients were chronically ill homosexual men with multiple systemic opportunistic infections.
(13) The epidemiology of HIV infection among women and hence among children has progressively changed since the onset of the epidemic in Western countries.
(14) Subtypes of HBs Ag are already of great use in the epidemiology of hepatitis B virus infections; yet they may have additional significance.
(15) During the study period four family outbreaks and seven recurrences of infection were observed.
(16) Infection with opportunistic organisms, either singly or in combination, is known to occur in immunocompromised patients.
(17) The transported pIgA was functional, as evidenced by its ability to bind to virus in an ELISA assay and to protect nonimmune mice against intranasal infection with H1N1 but not H3N2 influenza virus.
(18) 53 outpatients with HIV-infection classified according to the Walter Reed staging system (WR1 to WR6).
(19) Other research has indicated that placing gossypol in the vagina does inhibit the effect of herpes simplex virus type 2 infection, however.
(20) To investigate the relationship between Helicobacter pylori infection and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) intolerance and the effect of gold use on the seroprevalence of H. pylori.
(n.) See Sty, a boil.
(1) Clegg rejected the suggestion that the riots were the fulfilment of his prediction, made prior to the election, that there would be Greek-stye riots over the Tory cuts plans.
(2) Surgical trauma preceded the development of two lesions in one patient and a second patient presented with a positive history of recurrent styes, a chalazion, and a questionable history of trauma to the lid.