(n.) An epidemic affection characterized by acute nasal catarrh, or by inflammation of the throat or the bronchi, and usually accompanied by fever.
(1) The transported pIgA was functional, as evidenced by its ability to bind to virus in an ELISA assay and to protect nonimmune mice against intranasal infection with H1N1 but not H3N2 influenza virus.
(2) Precipitin tests had considerable advantages over other methods of serological diagnosis of influenza.
(3) The plasmid pMucAMucB, constructed from the Haemophilus influenzae vector pDM2, and a similar plasmid, constructed from pBR322, increased the survival after UV irradiation of Escherichia coli AB1157 with the umu-36 mutation and also caused UV-induced mutation in the E. coli strain.
(4) Rifampin is recommended as a prophylactic treatment for intimate contacts of young children who develop invasive infections with Haemophilus influenzae type B (Hib).
(5) We evaluated the safety and efficacy of a conjugate vaccine that links the H. influenzae type b capsular polysaccharide to the outer-membrane protein complex (OMPC) of Neisseria meningitidis serogroup B.
(6) The epidemiological effectiveness of dipyridamol, an interferon-inducing agent used for the prevention of influenza and viral acute respiratory diseases, was tested in 4 epidemiological trials, 3 of them carried out as double blind trials.
(7) Other organisms found together with N. miningitidis were H. influenzae (2 cases), S. dysgalactiae (1 case) and M. tuberculosis (1 case).
(8) H. influenzae also may acquire heme from hemopexin and albumin, which have not been previously investigated.
(9) In a field trial a new influenza subunit vaccine was tested in parallel with a vaccine prepared from the whole virus.
(10) It seems likely that a vaccine against H influenzae b, effective in under two year olds, will become available in the next few years.
(11) An enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was developed for detecting antibody to type A avian influenza (AI) virus.
(12) Penicillin-binding protein (PBP) alterations have been associated with non-beta-lactamase-mediated ampicillin resistance in Haemophilus influenzae.
(13) The size of KM of neuraminidase is similar in all chicken influenza virus strains their antigenic formula is suggested [A(GP6-H3N2)].
(14) The best understood fusion mechanism is that of influenza virus, for which sequences involved in pH-dependent fusion can be correlated with the crystallographic structure of the spike protein.
(15) In the last years an increase of neonatal infections due to Haemophilus influenzae had been reported.
(16) It has greater stability than cefaclor and greater activity against beta-lactamase-producing Haemophilus influenzae and Escherichia coli.
(17) A synthetic peptide comprising the C-terminal 24 amino acids of the heavy chain (HA1) of influenza virus hemagglutinin was constructed and examined for antigenic and immunogenic activity.
(18) In a direct test of the hypothesis that the M2 coat protein of influenza A can function as a proton translocator, we incorporated a synthetic peptide containing its putative transmembrane domain into voltage-clamped planar lipid bilayers.
(19) Nontypable H. influenzae was ingested after opsonization with much less pooled human serum than was H. influenzae type b, and uptake of encapsulated S. pneumoniae was not enhanced by as much as 80% pooled human serum.
(20) Of two periods of increased RNA synthesis observed in cells infected with influenza virus, only the first, occurring from 0 to 2 hr after infection, is sensitive to alpha-amanitin.
(n.) An organ for aerial respiration; -- commonly in the plural.
(1) From 1982 to 1989, bronchoplasty or segmental bronchoplasty and pulmonary arterioplasty in combination with lobectomy and segmentectomy were performed for 9 patients with central type lung carcinoma.
(2) The effect of insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) on growth of small cell lung cancer (SCLC) cell lines was studied.
(3) These results indicated that the PG determination was the most accurate predictor of fetal lung well-being prior to birth among the clinical tests so far reported.
(4) Morphological alterations in the lungs of pheasants after prolonged high-dosage administration of bleomycin sulfate were studied by light and electron microscopy.
(5) When perfusion of the affected lung was less than one-third of the total the tumour was found to be unresectable.
(6) Attempts are now being made to use this increased understanding to produce effective killed vaccines that produce immune responses in the lung.
(7) Because many wnt genes are also expressed in the lung, we have examined whether the wnt family member wnt-2 (irp) plays a role in lung development.
(8) The inhibitory effects were stronger in A549 lung cancer cells than in HEL cells at the same TFP dose.
(9) The amino acid pools in Chinese hamster lung V79 cells were measured as a function of time during hyperthermic exposure at 40.5 degrees and 45.0 degrees C. Sixteen of the 20 protein amino acids were present in sufficient quantity to measure accurately.
(10) Macroscopic lesions included mild congestion of the gastric mucosa and focal consolidation of the lung.
(11) Anesthetized sheep (n = 6) previously prepared with a lung lymph fistula underwent 2 hr of tourniquet ischemia of both lower limbs.
(12) Lung sections of rats exposed to quartz particles were significantly different.
(13) Over the past decade the use of monoclonal antibodies has greatly advanced our knowledge of the biological properties and heterogeneity that exist within human tumours, and in particular in lung cancer.
(14) The reduction rates of peripheral leukocytes, lung Schiff bases and lung water content were not identical in rats depleted from leukocyte after inhalation injury.
(15) They are best explained by interactions between central sympathetic activity, brainstem control of respiration and vasomotor activity, reflexes arising from around and within the respiratory tract, and the matching of ventilation to perfusion in the lungs.
(16) This study compares anaesthesia with controlled ventilation of the lungs with atracurium and alfentanil analgesia with halothane anaesthesia.
(17) The review provides an update of drug-induced pulmonary disorders, focusing on newer agents whose effects on the lung have been studied recently.
(18) We identified four distinct clinical patterns in the 244 patients with true positive MAI infections: (a) pulmonary nodules ("tuberculomas") indistinguishable from pulmonary neoplasms (78 patients); (b) chronic bronchitis or bronchiectasis with sputum repeatedly positive for MAI or granulomas on biopsy (58 patients, virtually all older white women); (c) cavitary lung disease and scattered pulmonary nodules mimicking M. tuberculosis infection (12 patients); (d) diffuse pulmonary infiltrations in immunocompromised hosts, primarily patients with AIDS (96 patients).
(19) These findings suggest that aerosolization of ATP into the cystic fibrosis-affected bronchial tree might be hazardous in terms of enhancement of parenchymal damage, which would result from neutrophil elastase release, and in terms of impaired respiratory lung function.
(20) Lung metastases leading to death were observed in one patient with small-cell osteosarcoma despite complete destruction of the primary tumor by preoperative chemotherapy.