(n.) An organ for aerial respiration; -- commonly in the plural.
(1) From 1982 to 1989, bronchoplasty or segmental bronchoplasty and pulmonary arterioplasty in combination with lobectomy and segmentectomy were performed for 9 patients with central type lung carcinoma.
(2) The effect of insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) on growth of small cell lung cancer (SCLC) cell lines was studied.
(3) These results indicated that the PG determination was the most accurate predictor of fetal lung well-being prior to birth among the clinical tests so far reported.
(4) Morphological alterations in the lungs of pheasants after prolonged high-dosage administration of bleomycin sulfate were studied by light and electron microscopy.
(5) When perfusion of the affected lung was less than one-third of the total the tumour was found to be unresectable.
(6) Attempts are now being made to use this increased understanding to produce effective killed vaccines that produce immune responses in the lung.
(7) Because many wnt genes are also expressed in the lung, we have examined whether the wnt family member wnt-2 (irp) plays a role in lung development.
(8) The inhibitory effects were stronger in A549 lung cancer cells than in HEL cells at the same TFP dose.
(9) The amino acid pools in Chinese hamster lung V79 cells were measured as a function of time during hyperthermic exposure at 40.5 degrees and 45.0 degrees C. Sixteen of the 20 protein amino acids were present in sufficient quantity to measure accurately.
(10) Macroscopic lesions included mild congestion of the gastric mucosa and focal consolidation of the lung.
(11) Anesthetized sheep (n = 6) previously prepared with a lung lymph fistula underwent 2 hr of tourniquet ischemia of both lower limbs.
(12) Lung sections of rats exposed to quartz particles were significantly different.
(13) Over the past decade the use of monoclonal antibodies has greatly advanced our knowledge of the biological properties and heterogeneity that exist within human tumours, and in particular in lung cancer.
(14) The reduction rates of peripheral leukocytes, lung Schiff bases and lung water content were not identical in rats depleted from leukocyte after inhalation injury.
(15) They are best explained by interactions between central sympathetic activity, brainstem control of respiration and vasomotor activity, reflexes arising from around and within the respiratory tract, and the matching of ventilation to perfusion in the lungs.
(16) This study compares anaesthesia with controlled ventilation of the lungs with atracurium and alfentanil analgesia with halothane anaesthesia.
(17) The review provides an update of drug-induced pulmonary disorders, focusing on newer agents whose effects on the lung have been studied recently.
(18) We identified four distinct clinical patterns in the 244 patients with true positive MAI infections: (a) pulmonary nodules ("tuberculomas") indistinguishable from pulmonary neoplasms (78 patients); (b) chronic bronchitis or bronchiectasis with sputum repeatedly positive for MAI or granulomas on biopsy (58 patients, virtually all older white women); (c) cavitary lung disease and scattered pulmonary nodules mimicking M. tuberculosis infection (12 patients); (d) diffuse pulmonary infiltrations in immunocompromised hosts, primarily patients with AIDS (96 patients).
(19) These findings suggest that aerosolization of ATP into the cystic fibrosis-affected bronchial tree might be hazardous in terms of enhancement of parenchymal damage, which would result from neutrophil elastase release, and in terms of impaired respiratory lung function.
(20) Lung metastases leading to death were observed in one patient with small-cell osteosarcoma despite complete destruction of the primary tumor by preoperative chemotherapy.
(n.) A condition in which air or other gas is present in the cavity of the chest; -- called also pneumatothorax.
(1) There was one complication (4.8%) from PCD (pneumothorax) and no deaths in this group.
(2) The results of simple aspiration in 30 cases of pneumothorax are presented.
(3) Two complications were observed: one case each of pneumothorax and purulent peritonitis.
(4) No major complication was recorded and a case of asymptomatic pneumothorax resolved spontaneously within 48 hours.
(5) Various methods have so far been used to treat pneumothorax, including rest, needle exsufflation and blind drainage.
(6) In the ECMO patient, cardiac stun syndrome and electromechanical dissociation can be confused with low circuit volume, pneumothorax, or cardiac tamponade.
(7) The relation between smoking habits and the occurrence of spontaneous pneumothorax (SP) was studied in a Swedish population, predominantly urban.
(8) Small pneumothoraces were successfully managed with catheter aspiration for simple pneumothorax in 87% of patients, moderate-sized in 60%, and large in 61%.
(9) Anatomical and functional changes were present in the reexpanded lung after relief of pneumothorax.
(10) The diagnostic criteria of potentially fatal asthma included at least one of the following four potentially fatal asthma events: 1) mechanical ventilation for respiratory arrest or failure, 2) acute respiratory acidosis that did not necessitate mechanical ventilation, 3) two episodes of acute pneumomediastinum or pneumothorax associated with status asthmaticus, 4) two or more hospitalizations for status asthmaticus in spite of long term oral corticosteroids.
(11) Thirty-two (56%) had moderate-severe pulmonary contusions and 44 (77%) required chest tubes for hemo-pneumothorax.
(12) New theories on the etiology and treatment of primary spontaneous and secondary pneumothorax are mentioned.
(13) The complications encountered during MV were sepsis (26.8%), pulmonary haemorrhage (21.9%), congestive heart failure (17.1%), pneumothorax (14.6%) and intraventricular haemorrhage (7.3%).
(14) Conservative management using tetracycline sclerosis was performed with good results in a patient with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome and recurrent pneumothorax.
(15) Patients with pleural effusion, pneumothorax, or ascites showed a significant increase in plasma arginine vasopressin levels, and thoracocentesis or paracentesis resulted in a decrease in these levels.
(16) We recommend this skin incision for young patients with pneumothorax if the chest CT scan confirms that the bullae or blebs are localized to the apex of superior segment of the lower lobe.
(17) Heart rate rose (p less than 0.05) at a pneumothorax of 1,500 ml.
(18) Four of the patients (14 percent) developed a pneumothorax following institution of high PEEP therapy.
(19) Perforation of the oesophagus, as well as a pneumothorax are described as complications of the use of a nasogastric feeding tube.
(20) Readers were prompted by the response forms to evaluate images for the possible occurrence of interstitial diseases, nodules, or pneumothorax.