(n.) Air infected with some noxious substance capable of engendering disease; esp., an unhealthy exhalation from certain soils, as marshy or wet lands, producing fevers; miasma.
(n.) A morbid condition produced by exhalations from decaying vegetable matter in contact with moisture, giving rise to fever and ague and many other symptoms characterized by their tendency to recur at definite and usually uniform intervals.
(1) The rise of malaria despite of control measures involves several factors: the house spraying is no more accepted by a large percentage of house holders and the alternative larviciding has only a limited efficacy; the houses of American Indians have no walls to be sprayed; there is a continuous introduction of parasites by migrants.
(2) Eighty-two per cent of patients with falciparum malaria had recently returned from Africa whereas 82% with vivax malaria had visited Asia.
(3) 236 patients with malaria were examined and treated.
(4) But both for malaria and Aids we’re seeing the tools that will let us do 95-100% reduction.
(5) In assessing damaged nets and curtains it must be recognised that anything less than the best vector control may have no appreciable impact on holoendemic malaria.
(6) Since then the intensive development of anti-malaria campaigns in urban areas over about ten years led temporarily to a considerable decrease in the level of endemicity, while in rural areas it remained unchanged.
(7) On land, the pits' stagnant pools of water become breeding grounds for dengue fever and malaria.
(8) immunoglobulin, purified from the plasma of local semi-immune blood donors, as an adjunct to standard treatment for cerebral malaria in Malawian children.
(9) Treatment with chloroquine and primaquine, together with packed red cell transfusions, was successful in eliminating both the malaria parasites and the leukaemoid blood picture.
(10) These C+ and R+ adherence properties of PE appear to mediate much of the pathogenesis of severe malaria infections, in part by blocking blood flow in microvessels.
(11) There was less of an increase following a blood meal infected with the rodent malaria parasite, Plasmodium berghei.
(12) Clindamycin, a semi-synthetic antibiotic of the lincomycin family, at a dose of 450 mg eight-hourly for three days in adults cured five out of 10 patients moderately ill with chloroquine-resistant falciparum malaria.
(13) This test by virtue of its high sensitivity and the facilities in processing a large number of specimens, can prove to be useful in endemic areas for the recognition of asymptomatic malaria and screening of blood donors.
(14) A small clinic consisting of 1 room decorated with pamphlets against AIDS, malaria, and other diseases was managed by the chief primary health care (PHC) assistant named Joseph.
(15) Prospects for involvement in malaria control are numerous, however there is need to enhance the existing BHW Program.
(16) This latter event might be one of the factors which results in a correlation of Burkitt's lymphoma with malaria endemic regions.
(17) Hemoglobin S (Hb S) was significantly more prevalent in adults resistant to malaria.
(18) The proportion of persons with P. malariae in this sample population, as determined by slide examination, appears to be the greatest ever reported for any area before the introduction of control measures.
(19) Other causes are malaria (21), undernutrition (12), meningitidis (10), diarrhea (9), pneumopathy (7), endogenous and obstetrical causes (24).
(20) An indirect fluorescent antibody test for glutaraldehyde-fixed, ring-infected erythrocyte surface antigen was performed on admission sera from 45 patients with complicated cerebral Plasmodium falciparum malaria, 33 with uncomplicated cerebral malaria, 91 non-cerebral malaria patients, and 53 blood donors from a non-malarious area.
(n.) Any one of various species of gnats of the genus Culex and allied genera. The females have a proboscis containing, within the sheathlike labium, six fine, sharp, needlelike organs with which they puncture the skin of man and animals to suck the blood. These bites, when numerous, cause, in many persons, considerable irritation and swelling, with some pain. The larvae and pupae, called wigglers, are aquatic.
(1) The results indicate that the conditions which inhibit the initiation of development are present in the Malpighian tubules and not in the midgut of the refractory mosquitoes.
(2) The mosquitoes coming to bite in bedrooms were monitored with light traps set beside untreated bednets.
(3) The isolates of B. sphaericus were more effective (2-3X) against both mosquito species than Bactimos.
(4) Poor workplace health and safety, inadequate toilet facilities and dangerous fumes from mosquito fogging that led to one asylum seeker with asthma collapsing were all raised as concerns by Kilburn, although he stressed that he believed G4S management and expatriate G4S staff acted appropriately.
(5) Human activity not only increases risk, but influences control by killing mosquito larvae, killing adult mosquitos or preventing mosquitos from feeding.
(6) However, mosquitoes infected with more than 4 larvae became more active than uninfected mosquitoes 8 days after infection.
(7) Mosquito infection occurred primarily around dusk, the same period during which A. robustus and E. serrulatus were most abundant near the surface of the pond.
(8) This study examines the state of mosquito-borne lymphatic filariasis in Madras, Tamil Nadu, in southern India during the 1970s and into the 1980s.
(9) Repellent effect of the Mannich bases (methoxyphenol derivatives) on Aedes aegypti mosquitoes and Xenopsylla cheopis fleas was revealed under laboratory and field conditions.
(10) Antibody capable of interfering with infection of mosquitoes was shown to persist for 4 months after parasitaemia disappeared.
(11) Thus, a primary factor regulating the production and release of CS protein by sporozoites is their contact with soluble CS protein within the mosquito.
(12) In many cases, virus growth was more severely impaired in mosquito cells than in chicken cells, but the opposite phenotype was also seen, in which the mutant grew as well as or better than the wild type in mosquito cells but more poorly in chicken cells.
(13) Studies were undertaken to develop an amplified ELISA for the rapid detection of WEE virus from mosquitoes.
(14) Immature mosquito populations were reduced by mats of Azolla microphylla covering more than 80% of the water surface.
(15) Nevertheless, moonlight does not seem to have any effect on the composition of adult mosquito population since the difference in the parous rate of females collected during full moon and during no moon was not significant (P greater than 0.05).
(16) In order to determine population dynamics of Anopheles sinensis, a survey based on average number of female mosquitoes per trap-night was carried out during the period of 5 years from 1987 to 1991.
(17) Six-day-old adult Toxorhynchites amboinensis mosquitoes were inoculated with purified TSWV.
(18) Sera from 299 fishermen 16 to 80 years old, residents in Cananeia and Iguape counties, southern cost of São Paulo State, Brazil, were studied in order to identify a possible association between the prevalence of specific antibodies to the hepatitis B virus (HBV) and exposure to haematophagus mosquitoes evaluated by the prevalence of arbovirus antibodies.
(19) This situation may have occurred due to lack of awareness among the public, poor surveillance by the National Malaria Program or higher density of the vector mosquitos in the area.
(20) Four formulations of an insect growth regulator, Bay Sir 8514 (a benzoylurea compound), were tested against 2 species of riceland mosquito larvae, Anopheles quadrimaculatus and Psorophora columbiae.