(n.) Air infected with some noxious substance capable of engendering disease; esp., an unhealthy exhalation from certain soils, as marshy or wet lands, producing fevers; miasma.
(n.) A morbid condition produced by exhalations from decaying vegetable matter in contact with moisture, giving rise to fever and ague and many other symptoms characterized by their tendency to recur at definite and usually uniform intervals.
(1) The rise of malaria despite of control measures involves several factors: the house spraying is no more accepted by a large percentage of house holders and the alternative larviciding has only a limited efficacy; the houses of American Indians have no walls to be sprayed; there is a continuous introduction of parasites by migrants.
(2) Eighty-two per cent of patients with falciparum malaria had recently returned from Africa whereas 82% with vivax malaria had visited Asia.
(3) 236 patients with malaria were examined and treated.
(4) But both for malaria and Aids we’re seeing the tools that will let us do 95-100% reduction.
(5) In assessing damaged nets and curtains it must be recognised that anything less than the best vector control may have no appreciable impact on holoendemic malaria.
(6) Since then the intensive development of anti-malaria campaigns in urban areas over about ten years led temporarily to a considerable decrease in the level of endemicity, while in rural areas it remained unchanged.
(7) On land, the pits' stagnant pools of water become breeding grounds for dengue fever and malaria.
(8) immunoglobulin, purified from the plasma of local semi-immune blood donors, as an adjunct to standard treatment for cerebral malaria in Malawian children.
(9) Treatment with chloroquine and primaquine, together with packed red cell transfusions, was successful in eliminating both the malaria parasites and the leukaemoid blood picture.
(10) These C+ and R+ adherence properties of PE appear to mediate much of the pathogenesis of severe malaria infections, in part by blocking blood flow in microvessels.
(11) There was less of an increase following a blood meal infected with the rodent malaria parasite, Plasmodium berghei.
(12) Clindamycin, a semi-synthetic antibiotic of the lincomycin family, at a dose of 450 mg eight-hourly for three days in adults cured five out of 10 patients moderately ill with chloroquine-resistant falciparum malaria.
(13) This test by virtue of its high sensitivity and the facilities in processing a large number of specimens, can prove to be useful in endemic areas for the recognition of asymptomatic malaria and screening of blood donors.
(14) A small clinic consisting of 1 room decorated with pamphlets against AIDS, malaria, and other diseases was managed by the chief primary health care (PHC) assistant named Joseph.
(15) Prospects for involvement in malaria control are numerous, however there is need to enhance the existing BHW Program.
(16) This latter event might be one of the factors which results in a correlation of Burkitt's lymphoma with malaria endemic regions.
(17) Hemoglobin S (Hb S) was significantly more prevalent in adults resistant to malaria.
(18) The proportion of persons with P. malariae in this sample population, as determined by slide examination, appears to be the greatest ever reported for any area before the introduction of control measures.
(19) Other causes are malaria (21), undernutrition (12), meningitidis (10), diarrhea (9), pneumopathy (7), endogenous and obstetrical causes (24).
(20) An indirect fluorescent antibody test for glutaraldehyde-fixed, ring-infected erythrocyte surface antigen was performed on admission sera from 45 patients with complicated cerebral Plasmodium falciparum malaria, 33 with uncomplicated cerebral malaria, 91 non-cerebral malaria patients, and 53 blood donors from a non-malarious area.
(n.) The morbid phenomena produced by dwelling among marshes; malarial disease or disposition.
(1) Land reclamation measures carried out on the territory of a flood-plain-paludal focus of tularemia change the ecological and biocenotic links, which leads to the formation of a meadow-field focus with other-than-before sources and vectors of tularemia infection.
(2) Most affections on returning to the industrialised world concern paludism of the Plasmodium falciparum type, leading to a still high mortality rate of 400 per year in Europe, while the preventive and curative means available are sufficient.
(3) Sub-Saharan Africa is involved in 95% of cases, mainly West Africa (70% of cases), unlike the situation in 1987, and the first cases of paludism despite mefloquine chemoprophylaxis appeared during the second semester from the seasonal mid-summer recrudescence onwards, in travellers returning from this region.
(4) Sera from patients with other parasitoses (schistosomiasis, strongyloidosis or paludism) were also tested.
(5) The onset of paludal attacks can be serious for both the mother and the child.
(6) The pathology of parasitic diseases is essentially tropical with a strong predominance of paludism, at times fatal, and intestinal nematodes; however we rarely find amibiasis or human hydatid disease.
(7) As for paludism, the cases detected in this country have belonged to two small outbreaks: one with four cases in Madrid with "Plasmodium vivax" and the other with three cases in Tortosa (Tarragona) with "P. falciparum".
(8) Rarely detected in people consulting for fever, shivering and headache were the two symptoms directly related to paludism.
(9) Two villages are located in the lowlands where malaria from Plasmodium falciparum was endemic until the eradication of paludism.
(10) In order to evaluate the predictivity of neurological signs and symptoms in african patients, in Bangui's National Hospital Center (Central African Republic), 79 inpatients (aged 15-65 years) presenting with neurological manifestations (vascular attack, proved metabolic coma, or neuro-paludism excluded), and 64 age and sex matched controls in the same ward, without neurological or AIDS-related symptoms, were tested for the presence of HIV1-antibodies.
(11) Paludism can occur quite easily in pregnant women in endemic zones, above all those who are primiparous or in their 2nd or 3rd terms.
(12) From the practical point of view, the present use of antipaludial medication in pregnancy should take into account the surrounding risk, namely that of paludism and of treatments.