(n.) A swelling from effusion of watery fluid in the cellular tissue beneath the skin or mucous membrance; dropsy of the subcutaneous cellular tissue.
(1) The authors describe the role played by these substances in the pathogenesis of inflammations, their importance in the regulation of intraocular pressure and in the development of cystoid macular oedema.
(2) In case of biliary and pancreatic duct obstruction with pure pancreatic reflux, both oedema and inflammatory infiltrations were evident, whereas, in the presence of biliary reflux too, more serious histological features were detected.
(3) The high incidence and severity of haemodynamic complications (pulmonary oedema, generalized heart failure, cardiogenic shock) were the main cause of the high death-rate.
(4) The latter findings reinforce the concept that in pathologic states associated with cerebral oedema, pinocytotic vesicles fuse to form transendothelial channels which transport plasma proteins into brain.
(5) A side-effect of this procedure is postoperative oedema in varying degrees of severity.
(6) The sluggish flow which results from this vasoconstriction and high venous pressure leads to a haemoconcentration which reduces oedema formation but favours leucocyte and platelet sequestration within the microcirculation.
(7) Optical light, transmission, and scanning electron microscopy were used in investigations of epithelia in the glandular region of the milk cistern and greater lactiferous ducts and yielded the following findings, four and six hours from infection: degeneration and necrosis of epithelial cells, intraepithelial foreign cell infiltration (neutrophilic granulocytes, lymphocytes, macrophages), intra-epithelial oedema and locally delimited epithelial loss.
(8) During the incubation of the muscle fibres a transient intracellular oedema was demonstrated by electron microscopy and by determination of the exchangeable water content.
(9) The results demonstrated tumor cells infiltrating the surface meninges and a severe astrocytic reaction associated with oedema in the periventricular and brain stem subpial white matter.
(10) Macroscopic and microscopic pulmonary changes were predominantly those of oedema and emphysema.
(11) A series of 5-oxo-5H-1,3,4-thiadiazolo[3,2-a]pyrimidine-6-carboxamides were synthesized and evaluated for antiinflammatory activity in the carrageenin oedema test and in RPAR in the rat.
(12) The authors report 6 cases of acute respiratory failure complicating chronic bronchial and lung disease admitted to hospital with the diagnosis of: heart disease, 3 cases, pulmonary oedema, pulmonary embolism, atrial flutter; status asthmaticus : one case; neuro-psychiatric disease : 2 cases (toxic coma and agitation).
(13) In rats, ACTH reduced the oedemas induced by zymosan and lambda carrageenan.
(14) The role of steroid therapy in brain oedema following acute cerebral lesions is still unsolved.
(15) 760 patients suffering from acute pulmonary oedema were treated between 1980 and 1986 at the Institute of Anaesthesiology of the Medical Academy in Wroclaw.
(16) Other pathological processes are usually imaged by their hyperecho-characteristics: brain oedema has an increased reflexion compared to normal brain tissue; all brain tumors are diffusely echogenic, the image allows preliminary grading e.g.
(17) In addition the alcian-blue staining intensity of vocal cord biopsies from patients with Reinke's oedema was compared with thyroid parameters, but a relation was not found.
(18) Ankle oedema disappeared under the combined therapy in three out of four patients who developed this side effect under nifedipine, although one additional patient developed ankle oedema under combination therapy.
(19) The maximum oedema was attained in less than 1 h, and there was, subsequently, a gradual decrease.
(20) Apart from evidence of enhanced lysosomal and peroxisomal fragility, probably secondary to the intracellular oedema, the intracellular organelles investigated in this study were unaffected by the myopathic process.
(n.) The watery portion of certain animal fluids, as blood, milk, etc.
(n.) A thin watery fluid, containing more or less albumin, secreted by the serous membranes of the body, such as the pericardium and peritoneum.
(1) We studied further the serum with the highest titer.
(2) Serum levels of both dihydralazine and metabolites were very low and particularly below the detection limit.
(3) Since fingernail creatinine (Ncr) reflects serum creatinine (Scr) at the time of nail formation, it has been suggested that Ncr level might represent that of Scr around 4 months previously.
(4) The significance of minor increases in the serum creatinine level must be recognized, so that modifications of drug therapy can be made and correction of possibly life-threatening electrolyte imbalances can be undertaken.
(5) Trifluoroacetylated rabbit serum albumin was 5 times more reactive with these antibodies and thus more antigenic than the homologous acetylated moiety confirming the importance of the trifluoromethyl moiety as an epitope in the immunogen in vivo.
(6) Serum samples from 23 families, including a total of 48 affected children, were tested for a set of "classical markers."
(7) The statistical T value calculated for the LP-TAE group showed that the administration of LP, the tumor size, intrahepatic metastasis, portal vein infiltration, and serum total bilirubin and alpha-fetoprotein levels significantly (P < 0.01) affected the patients' survival.
(8) Patient or fetal cord serum is commonly used as a protein supplement to culture media used in in-vitro fertilization (IVF).
(9) The serum concentration of hyaluronan (HYA) was determined in 59 patients with various myeloproliferative disorders, including 33 patients with idiopathic myelofibrosis.
(10) These observations were confirmed by the killing curves in pooled serum obtained at peak and trough levels.
(11) Serum complement studies revealed decreased levels of C4, properdin, and C3.
(12) The agent present in the serum which causes dissolution of the fibrin clot was isolated and identified as pepsinogen.
(13) The concentrations of five normally occurring protease inhibitors in serum and synovial fluid were compared in patients with rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthrosis, and normal controls.
(14) In this review, we demonstrate that serum creatinine does not provide an adequate estimate of glomerular filtration rate (GFR), and contrary to recent teachings, that the slope of the reciprocal of serum creatinine vs time does not permit an accurate assessment of the rate of progression of renal disease.
(15) Zinc in plasma and urine and serum albumin and alpha 2-macroglobulin were measured in 48 patients with burns.
(16) In the clinical trials in which there was complete substitution of fat-modified ruminant foods for conventional ruminant products the fall in serum cholesterol was approximately 10%.
(17) The increase in red blood cell mass was associated with an elevation in erythropoietic stimulatory activity in serum, pleural fluid, and tumor-cyst fluid as determined by the exhypoxic polycythemic mouse assay.
(18) Nicardipine lowered systolic and diastolic blood pressure to normal, plasma aldosterone was reduced and serum potassium levels were increased.
(19) As a group, the three mammalian proteins resemble bovine serum conglutinin and behave as lectins with rather broad sugar specificities directed at certain non-reducing terminal N-acetylglucosamine, mannose, glucose and fucose residues, but with subtle differences in fine specificities.
(20) We have measured the antibody specificities to the two polysaccharides in sera from asymptomatic group C meningococcal carriers and vaccinated adults by a new enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) procedure using methylated human serum albumin for coating the group C polysaccharide onto microtiter plates.