(n.) The foot of a quadruped having claws, as the lion, dog, cat, etc.
(n.) The hand.
(v. i.) To draw the forefoot along the ground; to beat or scrape with the forefoot.
(v. t.) To pass the paw over; to stroke or handle with the paws; hence, to handle fondly or rudely.
(v. t.) To scrape or beat with the forefoot.
(1) In pentobarbital-anesthetized rats or in perfused hind paw of rats, the potentiation induced by cocaine and tripelennamine was more marked to norepinephrine than to epinephrine, but an inverse relation between norepinephrine and epinephrine was observed in the potentiation by I and II.
(2) Both face and paw receptive fields are unions of a certain set of skin areas called compartments.
(3) At both 24 h and 1 week, the inflamed paw showed pronounced supersensitivity to the antinociceptive action of morphine against noxious pressure.
(4) An actor dressed like one of the polar bears that figure in Coke ads limped up, wearing a prosthesis on one paw, a dialysis bag and tubing.
(5) His shot, though, was pawed on to the inside of the post by David Marshall and it was left to Victor Wanyama to lash the loose ball into the empty net.
(6) In the spinalized preparation, steady-state and nonsteady-state responses have an equal likelihood of emerging from the initial cycles of a paw-shake response, suggesting that regular coupling of joint oscillations is not planned by pattern-generating networks within lumbosacral segments.
(7) The spinal ascending pathways responsible for neuronal ventrobasal (VB) thalamic responses elicited by joint stimulation of the posterior paw were determined in arthritic rats used as a model of experimental pain.
(8) The response was composed of an isometric phase, during which the body weight was shifted from the stimulated limb to the opposite forelimb while the stimulated limb was gently pushed backwards, and a movement phase during which the stimulated paw actually accomplished the placing reaction.
(9) Tiny, tiny... rodents – some soft and grey, some brown with black stripes, in paintings, posters, wallcharts, thumb-tacked magazine clippings and poorly executed crayon drawings, hurling themselves fatally in their thousands over the cliff of their island home; or crudely taxidermied and mounted, eyes glazed and little paws frozen stiff – on every available surface.
(10) Carrageenin-induced inflammatory oedema of the rat paw was considerably inhibited at i.v.
(11) The goalkeeper then had to paw out another Carroll header.
(12) In inflammatory studies, 1-4 showed inhibition of formaldehyde-induced paw swelling (edema).
(13) Hence, Paw was a major determinant of oxygenation, although a PEEP greater than Pflex appeared necessary to optimize oxygenation at a constant Paw.
(14) A comparison has been made between liposome-encapsulated and free indomethacin for their anti-inflammatory activities in the carrageenan paw oedema test in rats, and their inhibitory effect on platelet aggregation induced by adenosine 5-diphosphate (ADP) in-vitro.
(15) Standard 5-member series of weak electro-cutaneous stimulations of the fore-paw were applied in chronic experiments to two dogs with implanted cortical electrodes.
(16) from the 1st to the 3rd day and then each 2nd or 3rd day inhibited paw swelling in adjuvant arthritis of the rat during the time of treatment.
(17) It has been shown that under all types of stimulation the latent periods (LP) of nociceptive reactions of paw licking and tail flick were significantly increased, as compared to baseline level, thus suggesting suppression of the pain sensitivity.
(18) Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID) only partially inhibit the hyperalgesia in the inflammation induced by carrageenin in the hind rat paw, one of the most frequently used nociceptive tests.
(19) The models used were (1) carrageenin-induced paw oedema in rats previously depleted of polymorphonuclear cells, (2) carrageenin-induced rat pleurisy and (3) migration of rat peritoneal leucocytes from glass capillary tubes in vitro.
(20) AOA and B-H were markedly effective both in scavenging the reactive oxygen species (ROS) generated and in inhibiting lipid peroxidation; they also significantly reduced both adjuvant- and adriamycin-induced paw oedema in rats.
(n.) A colloquial abbreviation of Sister.
(n.) Six. See Sise.
(1) Chromatographic separation revealed that the bulk (85%) of the mitogenic activity in SSV-transformed NRK cells was not due to p28v-sis but rather two distinct endothelial cell growth factors that eluted off heparin-Sepharose between 1 and 2 M NaCl.
(2) To get an insight into the nature of variant Ph translocations and the process of their formation, we examined the localization of the c-abl and c-sis oncogenes and the breakpoint cluster region (bcr) gene by chromosomal in situ hybridization in ten variant Ph translocations of CML including five simple and five complex ones as initially interpreted.
(3) Loss of a c-sis allele (allele I in all cases) was observed in 6 out of 10 tumors from heterozygous patients.
(4) Cells transformed by v-sis produce a platelet-derived growth factor-related molecule which is able to stimulate the platelet-derived growth factor receptor in an autocrine fashion.
(5) The v-sis oncogene of simian sarcoma virus (SSV) is a retroviral version of the PDGF B chain gene and SSV-transformation is mediated by an autocrine PDGF-like growth factor.
(6) Messenger RNA levels for v-sis were induced by tension in intact but not denuded vessels.
(7) In both loci, similar unique genetic sequences were found upstream of the v-sis homologous region and these hybridized to a 4.2 kbp c-sis transcript in human lung tumor cells.
(8) First, we investigated the expression of c-sis protooncogenes within cultured human glioma cell lines and also fresh glioma specimens by using polymerase chain reaction.
(9) The v-sis gene encodes chain B of platelet-derived growth factor.
(10) However, in tissue adjacent to 5 different tumors, approximately the same level of c-sis mRNA was seen.
(11) c-sis mRNA levels diminished with increased time of infection.
(12) For example, platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) has been found in many normal tissues including the CNS, while minor changes in one of its forms (PDGF-B) converts it to the v-sis oncogene, capable of inducing sarcomas and astrocytomas in primates.
(13) SIS SVB was performed to a variety of vessel combinations using "Y" graft, continuous, or vein extension techniques achieving early patency in all limbs, despite pedal arch disease.
(14) Radiolabeled recombinant PDGF (c-sis) dissociated from Heparin-Sepharose within a concentration range of NaCl similar to that of RF I.
(15) increased cell size, reduced growth rate, megakaryocytic antigens, and expression of the sis proto-oncogene, the structural gene for the B-chain of platelet-derived growth factor.
(16) In human malignant mesothelioma cell lines elevated expression of the platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) beta-chain (c-sis) gene was previously reported, while normal mesothelial cells barely express this gene.
(17) The same temporal dissociation was observed when a recombinant v-sis product was used instead of porcine PDGF.
(18) Reduced function of runt results in female-specific lethality and sexual transformation of XX animals that are heterozygous for Sxl or sis loss-of-function mutations.
(19) Several specific related questions are addressed in this discussion: Is the protein encoded by the v-sis gene functionally identical to PDGF?
(20) This suggests that H-ras is less efficient in relieving the insulin requirement than is sis.