(v. t.) To enter into; to make way into the interior of; to effect an entrance into; to pierce; as, light penetrates darkness.
(v. t.) To affect profoundly through the senses or feelings; to touch with feeling; to make sensible; to move deeply; as, to penetrate one's heart with pity.
(v. t.) To pierce into by the mind; to arrive at the inner contents or meaning of, as of a mysterious or difficult subject; to comprehend; to understand.
(v. i.) To pass; to make way; to pierce. Also used figuratively.
(1) The penetration of (22)Na was not prevented by the presence of metabolic inhibitors or by 500 mm NaCl in the suspending medium.
(2) Content of cyclic nucleoside monophosphates was decreased in all the eye tissues in experimental toxico-allergic uveitis as well as penetration of cAMP into the fluid of anterior chamber of the eye.
(3) After four years of existence, many evaluations were able to show the qualities of this system regarding root canal penetration, cleaning and shaping.
(4) testosterone, fentanyl, nicotine) may ultimately be administered in this way, important questions pertaining to pharmacology (tolerance), toxicity (irritation, sensitisation) and dose sufficiency (penetration enhancement) remain.
(5) The automatic half of both the motor which advances the trepan as well as the second motor which rotates the trepan is triggered by the sudden change in electrical resistance between the trepan and the patient's internal body fluid, at the final stage of penetration.
(6) Thus, although ferric-enterochelin cannot penetrate the cell surface from outside, the complex that is formed within the envelope is transported normally into the cell.
(7) Major limitations of the conventional sperm penetration assay are the inability to assess several aspects of sperm function (zona binding and penetration) and the absence of human ovulatory products known to influence fertilization.
(8) The cercaria, microcercous in type, is liberated and actively penetrates a second terrestrial pulmonate where development to the free metacercarial stage takes place in the pericardial cavity.
(9) The incomplete penetrance of the neoplastic phenotype and the monoclonality of lymphoid tumors suggest that tumor formation in v-fps mice requires genetic or epigenetic events in addition to expression of the P130gag-fps protein-tyrosine kinase.
(10) All of these factors make morbidity and mortality associated with penetrating injuries low.
(11) The treatment led to decreased spinnbarkeit, arborization and sperum penetration in the cervical mucus.
(12) The penetration coefficient, determined by the surface tension, contact angle and viscosity, is a measure of the ability of a liquid to penetrate into a capillary space, such as interproximal regions, gingival pockets and pores.
(13) The rational surgical methods of treatment in 85 patients with suppurative hepatic echinococcosis penetrating into the abdomen cavity are presented.
(14) This apparent lack of centrosomal staining was not due to problems associated with penetration of the antibody probes, since staining adjacent to and within the centriolar cylinder was observed when phosphoprotein antigens recognized by the MPM-2 antibody were localized.
(15) Both types of oral cleft, cleft palate (CP) and cleft lip with or without CP (CLP), segregate in these families together with lower lip pits or fistulae in an autosomal dominant mode with high penetrance estimated to be K = .89 and .99 by different methods.
(16) Cefuzoname seems to be among the middle ranks of beta-lactam agents as far as penetration rate is concerned; however, when its potent antibacterial activity and broad spectrum are taken into account, the concentrations in CSF in patients with meningitis seem worth examining.
(17) The time of sperm penetration in the mouse eggs, however, was delayed for one-half to one hour when ejaculated sperm were used.
(18) Enzymatic lability does not, however, play as important a role as lipophilicity in the corneal and conjunctival penetration of cycloalkyl and aryl ester prodrugs.
(19) No infection threads were found to penetrate either root hairs or the nodule cells.
(20) Kinetic studies showed that significant inhibition of virus production occurred when the inhibitor was added to infected cultures up to 5 h after virus penetration.
(v. t.) To examine, as a wound, an ulcer, or some cavity of the body, with a probe.
(v. t.) Fig.: to search to the bottom; to scrutinize or examine thoroughly.
(n.) An instrument for examining the depth or other circumstances of a wound, ulcer, or cavity, or the direction of a sinus, of for exploring for bullets, for stones in the bladder, etc.
(1) A series of human cDNA clones of various sizes and relative localizations to the mRNA molecule were isolated by using the human p53-H14 (2.35-kilobase) cDNA probe which we previously cloned.
(2) Theophylline kinetics, as an in vivo probe for the potentially toxic cytochrome P-450I pathway of drug metabolism, were studied in 11 healthy volunteers and 11 patients with calcific chronic pancreatitis at Madras, South India.
(3) Five probes of high specificity to individual chromosomes (chromosomes 3, 11, 17, 18 and X) were hybridized in situ to metaphase chromosomes of different individuals.
(4) In order to determine the extent of this similarity, I have developed a panel of probes for many of the Pacl restriction fragments and have shown that most of the Pacl and Notl fragments found in MBa are also present in MBb.
(5) The haplotype of the recombinant X chromosome of each of 241 backcross progeny has been established using the X-linked anchor loci Otc, Hprt, Dmd, Pgk-1, and Amg and the additional probes DXSmh43 and Cbx-rs1.
(6) Periodontal disease activity is defined clinically by progressive loss of probing attachment and radiographically by progressive loss of alveolar bone.
(7) The mean histamine level in the first 10-min sample following probe insertion was 39.4 nM.
(8) Five of them had a fast-moving Eco RI fragment 5.6 kb long that hybridized with zeta-specific probe but not with alpha-specific probe.
(9) We studied the haemodynamic (ultrasound Doppler flow probes) effects of synthetic atriopeptin II at natriuretic doses in conscious rats.
(10) DNA from 9% (47 of 529) of the E. coli colonies tested hybridized with the ST probe, whereas only 5% (28 of 529) produced ST as measured by the suckling mouse bioassay.
(11) Likewise, they had little or no effects on the fluorescence anisotropy of TMA-DPH, which is also thought to be located in the interfacial region of the lipid bilayer, either when the probe was located in the outer layer of the plasma membrane or when the probe was located in the inner membrane compartment.
(12) Sequence specific binding of protein extracts from 13 different yeast species to three oligonucleotide probes and two points mutants derived from Saccharomyces cerevisiae DNA binding proteins were tested using mobility shift assays.
(13) The probe has been used for the identification of new Legionella-like strains isolated from the environment.
(14) Therefore, we conclude this is a bovine DR beta-like pseudogene, BoDR beta I. Exon-containing regions have been used as probes in Southern blot analyses of bovine genomic DNA digested with EcoRI.
(15) The adherence of 51Cr-labeled platelets to rabbit aortae everted on probes rotated in platelet-red cell suspensions has been measured.
(16) A 2.7-kilobase DNA fragment carrying the entire exotoxin A (ETA) structural gene was divided into three nonoverlapping probes.
(17) The indication of the DNA probe method would be considered in the four cases as follows, 1. necessity of the special equipment to isolate the pathogen, 2. necessity of the long period to isolate the pathogen, 3. existence of the cross reaction among the pathogen and relative organisms in the immunological procedure, 4. existence of the difficulty to identify the species of the pathogen by the ordinary procedure.
(18) Slight cross-reactivity was apparent when crude preparations of cellular or culture filtrate antigens, used in this laboratory to detect antibodies to Candida albicans, Coccidioides immitis and Cryptococcus neoformans, were probed with hyperimmune rabbit antisera to A. fumigatus.
(19) The results, together with the known geometry of the enzyme, indicate that active site probes in the dodecamer are widely separated and that energy transfer occurs from a single donor to two or three acceptors on adjacent subunits.
(20) The availability of locus-specific probes should significantly expand the role of minisatellite markers in population biology.