(n.) One of the leaves of the corolla, or the colored leaves of a flower. See Corolla, and Illust. of Flower.
(n.) One of the expanded ambulacra which form a rosette on the black of certain Echini.
(1) Primin itself was obtained from Primula elatior and from the petals (corollas) of Primula obconica.
(2) Osmotic gradient across the membrane of nonsonicated liposomes and rose petal protoplasts are shown to induce swelling.
(3) The prosthesis is fixed by the interaction of magnetic pondermotive forces between two soft petals of a magnetoelastomer.
(4) In agamous-1, stamens to petals; in apetala2-1, sepals to leaves and petals to staminoid petals; in apetala3-1, petals to sepals and stamens to carpels; in pistillata-1, petals to sepals.
(5) They gradually displayed active membrane pseudopodia, thorn-like processes and petal-like ruffles after 2 h to 4 h of cultivation.
(6) The method was used to analyze the free amino acid pool in carnation petals.
(7) The highest glucosyltransferase activity was found in petals of opening flowers of young plants.
(8) When a variety of shotguns were tested, it was found that one weapon with a very short barrel and cylinder bore did not exhibit petal spread until a range of 30 cm was reached.
(9) Two petal mRNA classes were identified that are present at elevated levels relative to other organs.
(10) This study explores the extent of mild to significant malnutrition in the squatter settlement of Kampung Baiduri located adjacent to an industrial area in Petaling Jaya.
(11) 3R-[2-(14)C]Mevalonate was incorporated into geranyl and neryl beta-d-glucosides in petals of Rosa dilecta in up to 10.6% yield, and the terpenoid part was specifically and equivalently labelled in the moieties derived from isopentenyl pyrophosphate and 3,3-dimethylallyl pyrophosphate.
(12) In the case of the Kalanchoe rhythm, mainly the process of the petal opening is affected.
(13) In the electron microscope these complexes appear as a rosette of petals.
(14) Shotcup petal abrasions centered around a shotgun wound of entrance are generally thought to occur at a range of 30 to 90 cm.
(15) Yuri's gaze turns back to the sky, peppered now with dry fallen leaves (a premonition, perhaps, of the petals cast before the viceroy in A Passage to India).
(16) Each molecule appeared to be composed of two kinds of particles, with one larger central particle and smaller peripheral particles and had shapes resembling that of a flower with 8 or 10 "petals".
(17) But I hear it constantly from some of the precious petals, can I say, some of the precious petals in the science fraternity, and if you can’t guess, I won’t accept it.” Australia had a dedicated science portfolio in cabinet since the 1930s until Abbott’s decision to fold the role into Macfarlane’s purview.
(18) In the families of flowering plants in which these organs occur, they are patterned with the sepals in the outermost whorl or whorls of the flower, with the petals next closest to the center, the stamens even closer to the center, and the carpels central.
(19) The programmed senescence of carnation (Dianthus caryophyllus L.) petals requires active gene expression and is associated with the expression of several senescence-related mRNAs.
(20) In petunia, the gene Po regulates the expression of CHI in anthers: PoPo petunia lines contain CHI enzyme activity in petals and anthers, whereas popo lines contain the CHI enzyme only in petals but not in anthers.
(n.) A leaf or division of the calyx.
(1) In agamous-1, stamens to petals; in apetala2-1, sepals to leaves and petals to staminoid petals; in apetala3-1, petals to sepals and stamens to carpels; in pistillata-1, petals to sepals.
(2) The PR-1 class of proteins (biological function unknown) is located in sepal tissue.
(3) Sepal primordia then arise (stage 3) and grow to overlie the primordium (stage 4).
(4) In the families of flowering plants in which these organs occur, they are patterned with the sepals in the outermost whorl or whorls of the flower, with the petals next closest to the center, the stamens even closer to the center, and the carpels central.
(5) In flowers, expression was observed in sepals, anthers, and carpels, but not in petals.
(6) LAT52 mRNA is not detectable in pistils, sepals or non-reproductive tissues.
(7) Mutation of this gene (defA-1) causes homeotic transformation of petals into sepals and of stamina into carpels in flowers displaying the 'globifera' phenotype, as shown by cross sections and scanning electronmicroscopy of developing flowers.
(8) In ag mutants, the loss of AG function leads to the conversion of these organs to the perianth organs (petals and sepals).
(9) We found that AG RNA is present in the stamen and carpel primordia but is undetectable in sepal and petal primordia throughout early wild-type flower development, consistent with the mutant phenotype.
(10) New mutations at the APETALA2 locus, ap2-2, ap2-8 and ap2-9, cause homeotic conversions in the outer two whorls: sepals to carpels (or leaves) and petals to stamens.
(11) Comparative studies between two pea cultivars, one with a high incidence of seed transmission and one with none, showed that PSbMV infected the floral tissues (sepals, petals, anther and carpel) of both cultivars, but was not detected in ovules prior to fertilization.
(12) We also showed that both promoters can function independently and that the chiA PA1 promoter is expressed in limb (epidermal and parenchyma cells), tube (inner epidermal and parenchyma cells), seed (seed coat, endosperm, and embryo), sepal, leaf, and stem.
(13) The distribution of beta-glucuronidase activity in these transgenic plants is very similar to that of endogenous PAL2 transcripts in bean, with very high levels in petals; marked accumulation in anthers, stigmas, roots, and shoots; and low levels in sepals, ovaries, and leaves.
(14) Mutations in the APETALA3 (AP3) gene of A. thaliana result in homeotic transformations of petals to sepals and stamens to carpels.
(15) Its expression is greater than 50-fold higher in sepals and greater than 500-fold higher in the rest of the flower than in leaves or roots.
(16) Upon mutation of the gene, petals are transformed to sepals and stamens to carpels, indicating that deficiens is essential for the activation of genes required for petal and stamen formation.
(17) Transcripts are present in petals, stamens and pistil but are not detectable in sepals.
(18) However, PR-2 polypeptides were observed only in sepal tissue.
(19) AP2 is a floral homeotic gene that is necessary for the normal development of sepals and petals in floral whorls 1 and 2.
(20) The fbp2 gene is expressed in petals, stamen, carpels, and at a very low level in sepals but not in vegetative tissues.