(n.) The juice of plants of any kind, especially the ascending and descending juices or circulating fluid essential to nutrition.
(n.) The sapwood, or alburnum, of a tree.
(n.) A simpleton; a saphead; a milksop.
(v. t.) To subvert by digging or wearing away; to mine; to undermine; to destroy the foundation of.
(v. t.) To pierce with saps.
(v. t.) To make unstable or infirm; to unsettle; to weaken.
(v. i.) To proceed by mining, or by secretly undermining; to execute saps.
(n.) A narrow ditch or trench made from the foremost parallel toward the glacis or covert way of a besieged place by digging under cover of gabions, etc.
(1) By contrast, SAP-35, the major surfactant-associated glycoprotein of molecular weight = 35,000, and other higher molecular weight proteins were not detected in significant quantities in the CLSE or surfactant-TA replacement surfactants, either by highly sensitive silver stain analysis or by immunoblot using monospecific antisera generated against bovine SAP-35.
(2) In normovolemia, the hepatic arterial flow (HAF) increased as the systemic arterial pressure (SAP) rose up to 140 mmHg, and then decreased as SAP rose further.
(3) Rat type II pneumocytes expressed vitamin K-dependent carboxylase activity that incorporated 14CO2 into microsomal protein precursors of molecular weights similar to those of surfactant-associated proteins (SAP).
(4) At this SAP a constant amount of SNP and 500 ml Dextran 60 were infused.
(5) The in vitro transcript probes could detect 1 ng of purified virus and as little as 1 microliter of sap extracts prepared from infected oat shoots.
(6) Combined propranolol-atropine blockade increased heart rate at rest in the SAP state, and significantly attenuated the tachycardia accompanying treadmill exercise.
(7) It is concluded that the cell sap from rat liver contains the complete set of enzymes for the synthesis from delta-aminolaevulinate of haem c and its linkage to a small pool of free apoprotein c present in soluble form.
(8) As shown earlier, at zero turgor pressure the intracellular freezing point of the parenchyma cells matches closely the negative pressure in the xylem sap.
(9) Whole blood components did not interfere with the efficacy of OKT1-SAP, as in vitro treatment of fresh whole blood resulted in effective elimination of clonable peripheral blood T-lymphocytes assessed by a limiting dilution assay.
(10) According to the theory of osmoelastic coupling, also large additives, such as the proteins of the cell sap, are able to cause an osmotic stress equivalent to that caused by polyethylene glycol.
(11) SAP did not bind to the macrophage cell line RAW264.7 nor did it enhance IL-1 secretion by this line.
(12) The cell sap in the absence of ribosomes was also able to incorporate radioactivity into purified cytochrome c, and the addition of ribosomes significantly enhanced the activity.
(13) The C4BP.SAP complex was also detected in normal serum and the results suggested that there was virtually no free SAP or uncomplexed C4BP in normal serum.
(14) An additional category, SAP "flare", was also identified (SAP increment greater than 15% at 1 month, with subsequent fall at 2 months).
(15) The biophysical activity of synthetic phospholipid-apoprotein combinants was assessed by measurements of adsorption facility and dynamic surface tension lowering ability at 37 degrees C. The SM-SAP-6 combinants had adsorption facility equivalent to natural lung surfactant, and to the surfactant extract preparations CLSE and surfactant-TA used in exogenous surfactant replacement therapy for the neonatal Respiratory Distress Syndrome (RDS).
(16) Histone phosphorylation is sharply inhibited after addition of DNA, the protein kinases of nuclear sap phosphorylating less effectively the histones complexed with DNA than the non-histone proteins.
(17) Specific SAP-35 RNA increased during organ culture and both SAP-35 content and SAP-35 RNA increased in the absence of exogenous hormones in 2% carbon-stripped fetal calf serum.
(18) The beta2-microglobulin in the cell-sap fraction was present in the unbound state.
(19) No patients at risk for developing heterotopic bone after THA could be identified from the preoperative level of SAP.
(20) The mass of SAP in these was determined from the extinction coefficient of SAP at 280 nm measured here precisely for the first time by spectrophotometry and cryogenic drying.
(n.) A small plug or wooden pin, used to stop a vent, as in a cask.
(n.) A small tube or spout inserted in a tree for conducting sap, as from a sugar maple.
(n.) A large stake driven into the ground as a support for some superstructure; a pile.
(v. t.) To supply with a spile or a spigot; to make a small vent in, as a cask.