(n.) An outline or image universally applicable to a general conception, under which it is likely to be presented to the mind; as, five dots in a line are a schema of the number five; a preceding and succeeding event are a schema of cause and effect.
(1) The results support Kuiper and colleagues' distinction between concomitant and vulnerability schemas, and help to clarify differences between cognitions that are symptoms or correlates of depression and those that may play a causal role under certain conditions.
(2) Through the results of this study and a review of the literature we may establish a therapeutic schema adapted to our conditions.
(3) The authors present a schema for conceptualizing psychiatric illness in terms of state and trait disorders.
(4) Generally, this quantification completes the usual schemas, makes the teaching of sclerotherapy much easier, makes phlebology more accessible for computer data, with cartography as a basis for the anatomical reference points.
(5) The assumptions in this theory will be discussed and aspects of the proposed control schema will be compared with general control principles.
(6) This multistage schema would account for the lag between injury and restenosis and the failure of chronic antithrombotic therapy to prevent this process.
(7) 5) and erased from the original Kauffmann-White-Schema and the Arizona Antigenic Schema to avoid a wrong diagnosis.
(8) The experiment was designed to enable a decision to be made between two possible explanations of the expected deficit: Davis's (1979) suggestion that it is due to disorganisation of the self-schema in depression, and the hypothesis of Beck et al (1979) that depression is characterised by the predominance of a negative self-schema.
(9) Subjects completed a structured psychiatric interview (Diagnostic Interview Schedule (DIS) and a Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), in addition to a test of self-schema, which involved rating and recall of a variety of "depressed" and "nondepressed" content adjectives.
(10) The medical directors of the ten Ontario provincial psychiatric hospitals have therefore developed a guide and schema to operationalize the MHA definitions, a novel feature of which is the examination of competence in such a way as to elicit and capture the patient's own responses upon which an objective determination is made.
(11) Compared to women who had never met Research Diagnostic Criteria for depressive disorders, women who had recovered from such disorders scored higher on measures of depression as an enduring characteristic; scored higher on measures of neuroticism; used more globally negative words, highly descriptive of depressed patients, to describe their personality; showed poorer recall of self-referred positive words, suggesting reduced activation of positive aspects of the self-schema; and in induced depressed mood showed better recall of self-referred global negative words, suggesting greater activation of related aspects of the self-schema.
(12) A schema for the control system for vertical eye movements is presented as well as an explanation for monocular elevator palsy.
(13) This schema and framework: (1) acknowledge that the term "breastfeeding" alone is insufficient to describe the numerous types of breastfeeding behavior, (2) distinguish full from partial breastfeeding, (3) subdivide full breastfeeding into categories of exclusive and almost exclusive breastfeeding, (4) differentiate among levels of partial breastfeeding, and (5) recognize that there can be token breastfeeding with little to no nutritional impact.
(14) The authors proposed a schema of dosage modifications based upon clinical state; plasmatic levels must be used as a guide for dose adjustment in patients clinically uncontrolled.
(15) The results suggest the possibility of discontinuous intrapartum monitoring according to a certain schema up to the second stage of labour, at minimum intrapartum risk for the baby, especially if there were no risks during pregnancy and at the beginning of delivery.
(16) Eighty-one third-year and early fourth-year medical students were taught a simple schema for generating differential diagnoses.
(17) These predictors included orthopaedic evaluations of severity and prognosis, the number of nonorganic physical signs, Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI) scales 1 and 3, age, education, proficiency in English, and the accuracy of patients' understanding of the bases for their medical condition as determined by the Schema Assessment Instrument (SAI).
(18) Remitted depressives and normal subjects did not differ in their attributional biases, endorsement of dysfunctional attitudes, or interpretation of schema-relevant ambiguous events, but both groups differed from symptomatic depressives.
(19) The six other techniques of evaluation were: a) palpation, or the number of finger breadths inserted between the acromial process and the head of the humerus; b) anthropometry, or the distance between the acromial process and the lateral epicondyle of the humerus; c) templates, or the use of four schemas representing different degrees of separation of the humeral head from the glenoid fossa; d) a measure of the relation of the center of the humeral head to the center of the glenoid fossa; e) the vertical distance between the center of the humeral head and the center of the glenoid fossa; and f) the vertical distance between the apex of the humeral head and the inferior border of the glenoid fossa.
(20) Specifically, the self-schema hypothesis was examined.
(1) The Jacob-Creutzfeldt group had a less schematic lesion pattern, without involvement of limbic areas.
(2) Goren, Sarty, and Wu (1975) claimed that newborn infants will follow a slowly moving schematic face stimulus with their head and eyes further than they will follow scrambled faces or blank stimuli.
(3) Schematic eyes, with homogeneous and non homogeneous lenses, were constructed for tadpoles, juvenile toads, and adult toads.
(4) In experiments 1 and 2, respectively, a schematic face and an asymmetrical geometric design, and a realistic face and a symmetrical geometric design were each divided into four fragments consisting of outline and three internal features.
(5) A schematic description of the correlation between various pathologies of hearing impairments and the behavior of auditory brainstem responses (ABR) is presented.
(6) Thus, snap-back molecules most likely contain a covalent linkage between or near complementary terminal sequences on the two complementary strands as schematically shown in Fig.
(7) A precise description and schematic presentation of its action is given.
(8) While some of the available evidence would suggest that typical deaf children do not read "story schematically", theirs may be a problem of lack of access to (rather than absence of) such cognitive structures.
(9) With all this information it is possible to work out a schematic table that allows the identification of Listeria strains with a remarkable certainty.
(10) The standard slices of the tympanon were schematized with the help of pictogramms.
(11) Second, for schematic faces the results revealed that the left hemisphere is more sensitive to common than to distinctive features, whereas the right hemisphere is more sensitive to distinctive than to common features.
(12) The experiment involved a 2-alternative forced-choice procedure in which observers were required to indicate during which of 2 designated intervals the reflex from a schematic eye became brighter.
(13) The results, are compared with those of ten normal women and the observed results may schematically been classified into three groups: A) Normal response.
(14) Nonparaxial raytracing studies in schematic eyes suggested that the lenses of animals of the three developmental stages tadpole, juvenile toad, and adult are not homogeneous but have a refractive index gradient.
(15) The annual movement of a hypothetical 100,000 elderly persons through the health care system is schematically diagrammed.
(16) From this survey new schematic diagrams have been drawn emphasizing the pertinent venous anatomy at the proximal, distal interphalangeal joints and eponychial levels.
(17) The schematics recalled significantly more descriptions than the aschematics, whether their self-schema was positive or negative.
(18) Schematic representations of space consolidations, intrusion and root torque are illustrated.
(19) Hardware and software are described and examples are presented to illustrate the use of software to create alphanumeric, schematic, and freeform pictures.
(20) The pharmacotherapy of first choice should be determined for each patient individually and not according to schematic prescription.