(n.) A fall of water over a precipice, as in a river or brook; a waterfall less than a cataract.
(v. i.) To fall in a cascade.
(v. i.) To vomit.
(1) With fields and fells already saturated after more than four times the average monthly rainfall falling within the first three weeks of December, there was nowhere left to absorb the rainfall which has cascaded from fields into streams and rivers.
(2) The following model is suggested: exogenous ATP interacts with a membrane receptor in the presence of Ca2+, a cascade of events occurs which mobilizes intracellular calcium, thereby increasing the cytosolic free Ca2+ concentration which consequently opens the calcium-activated K+ channels, which then leads to a change in membrane potential.
(3) Each point of the interleukin cascade reaction was examined.
(4) All cellular signals characterized so far are reverted during retrodifferentiation: Redistribution of PKC and down-regulation of c-fos and c-jun contribute to an interruption of the differentiation-associated transsignaling cascade.
(5) Present antihypertensive therapy is directed largely at secondary factors dependent upon or influencing the primary phospholipase C cascade.
(6) Since testosterone influenced both tissue stores and PDBu-stimulated secretion of LHRH and GAP, this steroid may selectively regulate biosynthesis and secretion of pro-LHRH-derived peptides through activation of the metabolic cascade involving the PKC system.
(7) Extracellular signals that promote cell growth activate cascades of protein kinases.
(8) Using serine proteinase inhibitors and antibodies to plasminogen activators as well as a newly described collagenase inhibitor we demonstrate that a protease cascade leads to the activation of an enzyme(s) that cleaves collagen IV.
(9) Low-density lipoprotein (LDL) has a similar hormone-like action and activates the signal transfer cascade that eventually leads to platelet aggregation as well as vascular smooth muscle cell proliferation.
(10) However, the role of calcium homeostasis in regulating several biochemical pathways implicated in other steps of the metastatic cascade suggests that calcium channel antagonists could also inhibit metastasis by other mechanisms.
(11) Since ADH exerts its effects by activation of adenylyl cyclase (AC), further experiments were performed to identify the site at which CP inhibits this cascade.
(12) Autoantibodies which interfere with the function of enzyme cascade systems have also been described in diseases such as acquired haemophilia (anti-factor VIII antibodies) and glomerulonephritis (C3 nephritic factor).
(13) The cyclic adenosine nucleotide pathway is turned off by kinase A activity, whereas the inositol trisphosphate cascade is terminated by kinase C. The data support the concept that desensitization of odorant responses involves phosphorylation of key elements in the transduction cascade.
(14) These hormonal responses trigger a cascade of metabolic adjustments leading to catabolism and substrate mobilization in the postoperative period.
(15) The series filter model is compatible with a simply physical model consisting of cascaded chemical reactions whose forward rate constants are reciprocals of the filter time constants, whose reverse rate constants are negligible, and in which the concentration of an intermediate product controls membrane current.
(16) E capture IC via complement receptors, type 1 (CR1) which can bind to C3b and C4b ligand sites generated on IC during activation of the complement cascade.
(17) The EU was not properly promoting cascade use either he said.
(18) Speculatively, the blockage by dbcAMP of the morphogenetic cascade in the co-cultured system may be related to the inhibition by dbcAMP of testis cord formation in organ cultures of fetal gonads reported by others.
(19) Component of the cascade model represented adventitia and media layers of the wall.
(20) These data suggest that sCR1 inhibits the Arthus reaction by interrupting the activation of the C cascade, hence limiting the detrimental immune complex-induced tissue damage in vivo.
(v. t.) To lay again; to lay a second time; as, to relay a pavement.
(n.) A supply of anything arranged beforehand for affording relief from time to time, or at successive stages; provision for successive relief.
(n.) A supply of horses placced at stations to be in readiness to relieve others, so that a trveler may proceed without delay.
(n.) A supply of hunting dogs or horses kept in readiness at certain places to relive the tired dogs or horses, and to continue the pursuit of the game if it comes that way.
(n.) A number of men who relieve others in carrying on some work.
(n.) In various forms of telegraphic apparatus, a magnet which receives the circuit current, and is caused by it to bring into into action the power of a local battery for performing the work of making the record; also, a similar device by which the current in one circuit is made to open or close another circuit in which a current is passing.
(1) If this is what 70s stoners were laughing at, it feels like they’ve already become acquiescent, passive parts of media-relayed consumer society; precursors of the cathode-ray-frazzled pop-culture exegetists of Tarantino and Kevin Smith in the 90s.
(2) It is suggested that during increased levels of extracellular adenosine the response of LGND relay neurones to activating brainstem influences will be depressed, and a pattern of Ca(2+)-mediated burst firing will be favoured.
(3) The biggest problem is to make generational relays as because of the violence many LGBTI activists are migrating and one of the fears I live up to is being a victim of the violence for the work I do.” Uganda The number of LGBT refugees a country produces is another indicator of how dangerous a country is for LGBT people.
(4) But the fact remains the information Michel was relaying was usually a fair precis of what Smith told him by text or email, often just a few minutes previously.
(5) The results of the present study suggest that the majority, if not all, of SOM-LI fibres in the Vp are probably of primary afferent origin and may be involved in relaying trigeminal sensation to neuron located in this brain area.
(6) These results indicate that the afferent pathway of the milk ejection reflex in the rat runs through the medial portion of the hypothalamus posterior to the paraventricular nucleus and that this region contains neurons which relay the input to the oxytocin neurons projecting in the neurohypophysis.
(7) This spatial facilitation indicated that the excitatory inputs from the cerebral cortex to DNNs are at least partly relayed via the PN and the NRTP.
(8) It was found that: the two cell types have the same basal adenylate cyclase activity; prespore cells and prestalk cells are able to relay the extracellular cAMP signal equally well; intact prestalk cells show a threefold higher cAMP phosphodiesterase activity on the cell surface than prespore cells, whereas their cytosolic activity is the same; intact prestalk cells bind three to four times more cAMP than prespore cells; no large differences in cAMP metabolism and detection were observed between cells derived from migrating slugs and culminating aggregates.
(9) The recent demonstration that the expression of the neuropeptide cholecystokinin is activationally regulated by estrogen at the mRNA level, within a sexually dimorphic population of neurons in the medial amygdala, suggests a possible cellular mechanism for the hormonal modulation of olfactory information relayed along the vomeronasal pathway to the hypothalamus.
(10) A hypothesis on the existence of functional units responsible for the effects of electroacupuncture analgesia with participation of inhibitory, relay neurons and interneurons is made.
(11) Moreover, only a small portion of thalamocortical neurons are capable of relaying STT-derived nociceptive and thermal information to the primary somatosensory cortex.
(12) Thus, electrophysiological alterations within the first synaptic relay of the hippocampal trisynaptic circuit, the dentate gyrus, cannot explain the long duration of the kindling effect.
(13) Thus, LV cells, by their duration of firing, trasmit information related to stimulus intensity, and by their patterned responses, have the potential to relay other information, possibly related to their nociceptive role.
(14) Their time courses were similar to those of the facilitation in the LGd relay neurons.
(15) Taken together, these data suggest that these enzymes play an important role in relaying the mitogenic signal by phosphorylating down-stream kinases and specific transcriptional factors, as well as having possible feedback function in the process of signal transduction.
(16) The active-site "charge-relay" residues (His-57, Asp-102, and Ser-195 of the chymotrypsin numbering system) are conserved, as well as the trypsin-specific Asp (position 189 in trypsin).
(17) I relayed all this depressing news to Prof Ashton, who replied with spirited sarcasm, "I've put forward my idea!
(18) The information was not relayed to the Independent Police Complaints Commission either, though police have a statutory obligation to inform the watchdog when there is evidence of a person dying after contact with officers.
(19) The following functions have been demonstrated: (a) transmission and distribution of preganglionic impulse activity to the targets in a relay-like fashion; (b) mediation of peripheral intestinointestinal reflexes between different sections of the GI tract; (c) integration of activity from the spinal cord and from various peripheral sources.
(20) We applied multiple relayed COSY and 2D homonuclear Hartman-Hahn spectroscopy to globoside, a glycolipid purified from human red blood cells.