(n.) An attachment to a microscope, telescope, or other optical instrument, for making the image erect instead of inverted.
(1) With the whole spine flexed, muscle activity in the cervical erector spinae, trapezius and thoracic erector spinae muscles was higher than when the whole spine was straight and vertical.
(2) This technique may minimize the required force in the erector spinae and the forces on the low-back structures.
(3) Twenty chronic back pain patients, 20 patients who suffered from temporomandibular pain and dysfunction, and 20 healthy controls were instructed to produce eight different levels of muscle contraction in either the m. masseter or the m. erector spinae.
(4) The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of two different alignments of the pelvis and three different loads on electromyographic (EMG) activity of the erector spinae and oblique abdominal muscles during squat lifting and lowering.
(5) The distribution of histochemically identified muscle fibre types was studied in biopsy samples from the two main muscles in the lumbar region of the human erector spinae, the multifidus and the longissimus, in 16 healthy subjects (nine males and seven females, age 20-30 years).
(6) The intraabdominal pressure (IAP) and the EMG activity of the oblique abdominal muscles, and of the erector spinae muscle were recorded.
(7) Lumbar muscularity was expressed by two ratios; the ratio between the Acs of the right psoas and the Acs of the intervertebral disc (P:disc), and the ratio between the combined Acs values of the right erector spinae and quadratus lumborum and the Acs of the disc (ESQL:disc).
(8) The purpose of this study was to detect any changes in the erector spinae muscles in patients undergoing surgery for lumbar disc herniation (LDH) and to analyze which factors (sex, age, the level and site of disc protrusion, and duration of symptoms) would be related to these changes.
(9) Fibres taken from erector spinae (Es), plantaris (Plt), diaphragm (Dia) and soleus (Sol) muscles of adult rabbits were pretyped as fast-twitch-glycolytic (FG), fast-twitch-oxidative-glycolytic (FOG), slow-twitch-oxidative (SO) or promiscuous (P) using a combination of histochemical staining and PAGE.
(10) Subsequently, cadaveric dis-sections indicated that the erector spinae muscles are contained within a well-developed fascial sheath.
(11) The demonstration of loss of sweating to indirect body heating, which also is usual suggests that the defect is central or on the efferent side of the reflex and a normal pilo-erector response to acetylcholine confirms this as preganglionic.
(12) In the control specimens taken from the contralateral groin, adrenergic nerves were seen in the erector pili muscles and as networks around arteries and arterioles.
(13) Intramuscular pressure in the erector spinae muscle was measured during exercise with the microcapillary infusion method in 12 highly selected patients with recurrent low-back pain.
(14) Histochemical studies of the thoracic part of the erector spinae muscles in scoliosis have shown a consistently higher proportion of Type 1 fibers on the convex side.
(15) True, a band shouldn't be judged by its name, but they sound like Fleetwood Mac (or, by their own admission, Jethro Tull); whereas with the Nipple Erectors, Slaughter & the Dogs or the Snivelling Shits, you tended to know what to expect.
(16) To evaluate the role of reflexes related to the lumbar proprioceptors in maintenance of body equilibrium, changes in equilibrium function of the eyes and body were observed after unilateral procainization of the lumbar erector muscles.
(17) This process would stabilize the pelvis and permit the erector spinae to extend the trunk more efficiently.
(18) Annulus erector motoneurons, which contain ACh and a peptide resembling FMRFamide, first developed electrical coupling when the two stumps were in contact and then, later, bi-directional chemical transmission.
(19) The erector spinae muscle was found to be heavily loaded during exercise with an average muscle contraction pressure of 175 mm Hg.
(20) Infiltration of the retroperitoneal muscles and an abscess within the erector spinae were also seen.
(n.) An optical instrument, consisting of a lens, or combination of lenses, for making an enlarged image of an object which is too minute to be viewed by the naked eye.
(1) The results of our microscopic model confirm that the continuum hypothesis used in our previous macroscopic model is reasonable.
(2) Light microscopic studies of pancreata from mice sacrificed at this time demonstrated insulitis and beta cell necrosis.
(3) Using serial section electron microscopic reconstructions as a reference, we have chosen as our standard procedure a method that maximizes both the preservation of the cytoskeleton and the proportion of cells staining, while minimizing the degree of nonspecific staining.
(4) It is concluded that the present method for demonstration of aryl sulphatase activity is not well suited for microscopical identification of lysosomes in rat liver parenchymal cells.
(5) Histological and electron-microscopic study of the lungs of 15 patients who had been treated with bleomycin for advanced squamous cell carcinoma demonstrated marked histological changes in nine.
(6) This light microscopic comparison of viable FDA- and nonviable PI-stained cysts of G. muris demonstrates that 2 types of cysts can be distinguished and implies that structural differences can be used to identify these subpopulations of cysts.
(7) Electron microscopic immunohistochemistry revealed histamine-immunostaining in granules in a small number of nerve fibers and varicosities.
(8) For routine use, 50 mul of 12% BTV SRBC, 0.1 ml of a spleen cell suspension, and 0.5 ml of 0.5% agarose in a balanced salt solution were mixed and plated on a microscope slide precoated with 0.1% aqueous agarose.
(9) Electron microscopic observations of the masseter nerve in the aged cats revealed a disruption of the myelin sheaths and a pronounced increase in collagen fibers in the endoneurium and perineurium.
(10) Widely varying numbers of endocrine cells were identified in 12 out of 64 cases of uterine cancer in the course of histochemical and electron microscopic examination.
(11) Significantly better survival was found in patients with T2 tumors in comparison with patients with T3 and T4 tumors, in patients with infrastructural localization in comparison with patients with suprastructural localization and in patients with microscopic residual tumor in comparison with MRT patients.
(12) At the light-microscopic level, adrenergic fibres were identified due to their formaldehyde-induced fluorescence.
(13) It has a poor prognosis prior to the current combined treatment of surgical ablation, radiation to the surgical field, and chemotherapy for microscopic metastases.
(14) Histochemical and electron microscopic examinations confirmed that this biochemical lesion was associated with abnormal intracellular accumulation of unesterified cholesterol in mutant lymphocytes.
(15) Suspensions of isolated insect flight muscle thick filaments were embedded in layers of vitreous ice and visualized in the electron microscope under liquid nitrogen conditions.
(16) Pure bile gave 32 correct diagnoses (67%) and 14 diagnoses of inadequate material (29%), which contained few nondegenerated cells and made microscopic diagnosis unreliable.
(17) Total excisional biopsy is necessary to properly assess an adenoma microscopically.
(18) Examination was by means of counter immunoelectrophoresis, radioimmunoassay and electron microscope with negative staining.
(19) Twenty-seven human septums were removed at post mortem, examined macroscopically, sectioned coronally and examined microscopically.
(20) A television camera scans the spread through microscope optics; computer and special purpose electronics process the video signals to generate run length histograms.