(n.) Special countenance or support; favor, encouragement, or aid, afforded to a person or a work; as, the patronage of letters; patronage given to an author.
(n.) Business custom.
(n.) Guardianship, as of a saint; tutelary care.
(n.) The right of nomination to political office; also, the offices, contracts, honors, etc., which a public officer may bestow by favor.
(n.) The right of presentation to church or ecclesiastical benefice; advowson.
(v. t.) To act as a patron of; to maintain; to defend.
(1) But critics say that bringing the judicial system under political control will do nothing to improve its efficiency, and instead will leave judges dependent on political patronage and subject to political pressure.
(2) Patronage at the airport in the early years would not justify a dedicated rail link.
(3) The primary need of the people is not western-style educational patronage, but an end to the arms trade and multinational looting of resources.
(4) State, regional and municipal public administrations remain politicised and ridden by patronage.
(5) The fall of the general – a man who "kills people easily" claimed one witness – came after his own rebel movement turned against him and he lost the patronage of neighbouring Rwanda .
(6) As the locus of many migrants' investments, the village of Los Pinos has experienced a modest growth in the number of full-time jobs paying somewhat above the minimum urban wage and in a variety of petty entrepreneurial activities depending heavily on the patronage of migrant households, themselves heavily subsidized by remittances.
(7) Zhang has enjoyed the patronage of former president Jiang Zemin.
(8) Suu Kyi's relationship with the generals has reportedly turned sour again In her tireless efforts to secure cooperation from the military, Suu Kyi has repeatedly expressed her appreciation, respect and “genuine” affection for the Tatmadaw (feudal military), which her father founded under Japan’s fascist patronage in December 1942, much to the dismay of many minorities who have borne the brunt of the organisation’s ruthless policies.
(9) Liaqat Baloch, a leader of the Jamaat-e-Islami, a rightwing religious-political party, said: “Malala is a Pakistani student and she is getting a lot of support and patronage abroad.
(10) The proposition was attacked by others who claimed it would save very little from the Whitehall budget while simply weakening ministerial patronage – a great controlling hand over government, particularly in a time of coalition.
(11) At the last major budget meeting in July, politicians of the left and right buried their differences to agree on strengthening a four-year budget that privatised local authority-owned companies (a huge source of patronage and corruption), and ended the stranglehold of the ordini – self-regulating associations that control entry into the law, medicine and other professions.
(12) Despite numerous irregularities ... you have managed to thwart this regime’s congenital traps of fraud.” Bongo, 57, who first won election after his father Omar died in 2009 after 42 years as president, has benefited from the power of incumbency as well as a patronage system lubricated by oil largesse.
(13) It is clear Sayeed appears to operate with a measure of patronage from the Pakistani establishment and the Zardari government recently cleared the purchase of a bulletproof Land Cruiser for him.
(14) He may not be able to cling to his status as the nation's court jester, however, without the BBC's patronage.
(15) The [relief] measures will not affect anyone earning above €1,000 a month.” Patronage politics and vested interests had made it impossible for Greek governments, including prime minister Antonis Samaras’s fragile, two-party alliance, to step back and reform.
(16) The local Turkomen and Yazidi population have additionally formed their own militias under the patronage of local and foreign backers.
(17) However, legislation and rules of provision's patronage are complex and appear misunderstood with themselves who regularly use them in their practice.
(18) Zuma's governing African National Congress (ANC), re-elected in May, has long been dogged by allegations of patronage and cronyism.
(19) As one example of potential situations that Hezbollah fears, the Sunni Muslim Brotherhood, long abused by the Assad dynasty in such acts as the massacre by Hafez-al Assad at Hama in 1982, would be highly reluctant to accept the continued Iranian patronage and guidance that characterises the current Assad-Iran relationship.
(20) In many ways, the election will be a clash of epic proportions, a battle between a long-time president and a new challenger, between Russia and the West, between personal patronage and corporate sponsorship, between old friends turned enemies.
(n.) One who binds himself to answer for another, and is responsible for his default; a surety.
(n.) One who at the baptism of an infant professore the christian faith in its name, and guarantees its religious education; a godfather or godmother.
(1) They also said no surplus that built up in the scheme, which runs at a £700m deficit, would be paid to any “sponsor or employer” under any circumstances.
(2) The conference was held from December 3 to 5, 1990 in the Washington, DC area and was sponsored by the American Association of Pharmaceutical Scientists, US Food and Drug Administration, Federation International Pharmaceutique, Health Protection Branch (Canada) and Association of Official Analytical Chemists.
(3) That’s why we’ve sponsored the World Cup globally for more than 20 years.
(4) The mentor's administrative or academic rank, rather than gender, was the chief determinant of sponsoring effectiveness.
(5) In the target areas, church and community members will sponsor health fairs and discussions of adolescent pregnancy at church and at parent-teacher association meetings.
(6) There followed a sponsors’ event at which Wayne Rooney , Ander Herrera and Henrikh Mkhitaryan were present, along with James Reigle, the club’s Asia Pacific managing director.
(7) Jonathan's party and the biggest opposition coalition have traded accusations about who is sponsoring and arming Boko Haram, but none have provided any proof.
(8) The research programme, sponsored by the National Research Council of Italy, was completed in 1988 and focused on (1) acquisition of technology by hospitals; (2) assessment of performance evaluation and preventive maintenance procedures for biomedical equipment; (3) cost analysis of high-technology health services; (4) analysis of clinical engineering activities in Italy.
(9) We tested nine (cadmium chloride, chloral hydrate, colchicine, diazepam, econazole nitrate, hydroquinone, pyrimethamine, thiabendazole, thimerosal) of the 10 known or suspected spindle poisons of the coordinated programme to study aneuploidy induction sponsored by the Commission of the European Communities using Saccharomyces cerevisiae D61.M (mitotic chromosomal malsegregation system).
(10) Karen Fletcher, Sheffield • So it's a "government sponsored scheme".
(11) It is hoped that international collaborative research studies such as that on the effect of differences in nutrition or diabetes control in children, between our clinic and the Valle Hebron Children Hospital in Barcelona (sponsored by the Child Health Foundation) will generate knowledge on how to prevent premature atherosclerosis in childhood diabetes.
(12) An economic evaluation of the self-help program was conducted from the perspective of the sponsoring HMO.
(13) We discuss the tasks and present data on financial planning, on putting financial plans into operation, and on monitoring progress toward financial independence for a set of ten demonstration projects sponsored by the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation.
(14) While it is not a household name in the UK, its blue and green logo is familiar site on high streets across Asia and Africa and the bank sponsors Liverpool football club.
(15) Though the exercises have given the US a chance to vent its frustration at what appears to be state-sponsored espionage and theft on an industrial scale, China has been belligerent.
(16) This prompted an angry response from the bill's sponsors who accused opponents of using border security as an excuse to block any immigration reform.
(17) As a sponsor, they gain exclusivity in their sector," he said.
(18) This issue boils down to the question whether the ballot sponsors are more like citizens with strong policy views about a law (who normally cannot defend a law in federal court) or, instead, surrogate public officials who can act as the state for purposes of this lawsuit when the state itself refuses to do so (who would be permitted to defend the law).
(19) These data were the empirical basis for a clinical definition of AIDS in adults drafted in a Caracas, Venezuela, workshop sponsored by the Pan American Health Organization.
(20) By further tapping into the expertise of the independent sector – which has already resulted in many independent schools sponsoring or co-sponsoring state academies – he will say that England's state schools can become the best in the world.