(adv.) In that or this place, time, or thing; in that particular or respect.
(1) This paper presents a thermodynamic description of the interaction between divalent protein in solution and monovalent ligand attached to a cell membrane, but freely mobile therein.
(2) These lymphocytes perform the required immunological surveillance of the CNS, and initiate inflammation therein during infectious and autoimmune reactions.
(3) Systolic zone murmurs were recorded in 4.19% of the seafarers, including those with heart defects (1.44%), therein mitral valve insufficiency (0.79%), mitral valve prolapse syndrome (0.39%) and aortal valve stenosis (0.26%).
(4) Based on this linkage, twelve industries are noted to be potentially at high risk due to exposure to neurotoxic chemicals; therein, 18 chemicals are identified as "risk chemicals," primarily used in 8 main groups of products.
(5) The use of both mortality and weight loss data have provided a highly sensitive and reproducible bioassay that can be used to compare relative toxicities of crystals from other subspecies as well as toxic components contained therein.
(6) This is manifested particularly as a substantial amelioration of the severity of the lesions in the brain, and a very marked reduction in the number of fungal units therein.
(7) Permeabilization was selective for plasma membranes, in that high molecular weight probes such as trypan blue or IgG could enter cells, while fluorescent probes previously loaded into lysosomes via endocytosis remained contained therein.
(8) The exposure to doses exceeding 5 cGy impairs the relationship between the nuclear sizes and location therein of the perecentromeric regions of interphase chromosomes which exist in the control and after exposure to 2.5 cGy.
(9) These results suggest that there may be a common mucosal immunologic system, and that repopulation of gut and lung lamina propria may be through the organized lymphoid tissue therein.
(10) The data indicate that 4 crosses the blood-brain barrier to be oxidized by cerebral tissue to the ionic structure 3, which is "locked therein".
(11) Over the next 24 weeks, plasma LH concentrations of castrated birds were resistant, first to a stepwise reduction in daylength from 8 to 2 hr and later to a 2-, 4-, or 6-hr increase therein.
(12) Therein the transformed cells are supplemented and qualitatively altered towards the prevailing monocytic cells of the second step.
(13) The core sequence necessary for enhancer activity was defined therein as a 21 bp nucleotide element, which also showed autonomous replicating activity [EMBO J.
(14) These findings further verify that the observed low-frequency motion (or the so-called dominant low-frequency mode) in a protein molecule is essentially governed by the collective fluctuations of its weak bonds, especially hydrogen bonds, and the internal displacement of the massive atoms therein, as described by the quasi-continuum model.
(15) Replication may involve release of closed minicircles from the center of the kinetoplast and their migration to the peripheral structures, replication of the free minicircles therein, and then peripheral reattachment of the progeny minicircles to the kinetoplast.
(16) In June 2014, she wrote to the Times, baldly claiming that “many old people are a burden on society” .and that “people who cannot accept this argument should work for a few months in a care home where many patients are demented, incontinent, unable to care for themselves, and have no visitors.” The word “burden” is now a staple of most coverage of our ageing population, and the issues therein: most notably, the rising “ old-age dependency ratio ” which measures the number of pensioners as a proportion of those of working age and pensioners, and the question of how far NHS spending is going to stretch (How health innovations can reduce the burden of an ageing population , a Guardian headline from June last year).
(17) The latter case clearly demonstrates the fast-acting effect of the vaccine on account of the heterologous bacterial antigens contained therein.
(18) One of these mediators was identified with gamma interferon (IFN-gamma), mainly on the basis that treatment of supernatants with monoclonal anti-IFN-gamma antibodies markedly reduced the suppressive activity contained therein.
(19) Fine processes arising from their cell bodies or from the stratum 1 plexus passed through the INL to reach the OPL but did not produce long-ranging ramifications therein.
(20) The introduction of an oily retinylacetate solution into the fistula was attended both by an increase of the retinylpalmitate content in the blood plasma and the appearance therein of the retinyl-palmitat-hydrolase activity.
(adv.) By which; -- used relatively.
(adv.) By what; how; -- used interrogatively.
(1) Together these observations suggest that cytotactin is an endogenous cell surface modulatory protein and provide a possible mechanism whereby cytotactin may contribute to pattern formation during development, regeneration, tumorigenesis, and wound healing.
(2) The method described uses film DOT-I and DOT-II by Dupont, whereby the exposure of the step wedge takes place on a linear accelerator with a photo energy of 10 MeV.
(3) The present data support the hypothesis whereby weakly oncogenic B-ecotropic viruses similar to those activated by radiation might be involved in the development of TL.
(4) Indications of precautions to be taken are defined and suggestions are drawn up whereby residual laxity in extension may be limited.
(5) Mechanisms are suggested whereby rudimentary appetitive programs already encoded along facing dendrite membrane pairs within the specialized intrafascicular milieu, may trigger and control nipple search and suckling in the still blind and only primitively mobile neonate.
(6) Because the mechanism whereby Shigella dysenteriae I enterotoxin induces intestinal secretion is unclear, the effect of this toxin on adenylate cyclase activity in rabbit ileal mucosa was studied under various in vitro and in vivo conditions.
(7) Completely unknown is the mechanism whereby NADH oxidation and growth or growth control may be coupled.
(8) Possible mechanisms whereby proteolytic cleavage of VP2 may enhance the infectivity and HA activity of BTV 20 are discussed.
(9) A simplified procedure is described whereby tissue is removed via a posterior eyelid approach so that the eyelid may be tightened both horizontally and vertically, thus inverting the punctum and fixating it in the lacrimal lake.
(10) The authors describe several recent court cases in which judges have ignored or distorted acceptable clinical practices, conceivably creating a new liability standard whereby a tragic outcome is considered the result of failure to apply appropriate judgment.
(11) Since the temperature of the monkey was unchanged as long as the physiological ratio of sodium to calcium in the perfusion fluid remained constant, we conclude that the balance between these two essential cations within the brain stem could determine the neural mechanism whereby the set-point for body temperature of the primate is established.
(12) Physical disruption of the gut mucosal barrier appears to be the primary mechanism whereby endotoxin promotes bacterial translocation.
(13) That does not translate magically into a conflict of interest whereby the interests of these lawyers is suddenly contrary to those of the defendants,” Ryan argued to Pohl.
(14) Our aim was to determine the mechanism whereby oligohydroamnios causes reduced fetal lung expansion and eventual lung hypoplasia.
(15) This requires multiple insulin injections, whereby 60 to 70% of the total daily insulin amount are administered as preprandial boli of short or intermediate acting insulin.
(16) That would mark a controversial break from its existing policy, whereby the ECB offsets bond purchases by draining liquidity from the system in separate operations.
(17) Chilcot has now embarked on the “Maxwellisation process”, whereby those the inquiry intends to criticise will be sent draft passages of the report for comment.
(18) The mechanism whereby deferoxamine (DF) inhibits the growth of malaria parasites was studied in rats infected with Plasmodium berghei.
(19) K+ release from 2-10 min minus initial K+ uptake) increased from 0.1 to 2.2 mumol X g-1 liver, whereby simultaneously the alanine tissue level rose from 6.8 to 13.3 mumol X g-1 (corresponding to an increase of the intracellular alanine concentration from about 12 to 25 mM) in presence of aminooxyacetate.
(20) Ultrastructural investigations involved a novel method whereby thick sections of gluteraldehyde-fixed material were cut on a vibratome and then labelled using slight modifications of a standard unlabelled antibody-enzyme (PAP) technique, before further processing.